According to this theory, people become abusers when labeled such by the people around them. For example, methamphetamine users are labeled as addicts while cocaine users are considered recreational users even though the two substances are similar in nature. (Charmaz and Belgrave, 2013) People interpret the drugs differently and this interpretation determines the label. Causes of substance abuse While there are many reasons given by those who abuse substances, youth are typically responding to curiosity and/or peer pressure. (Abuse, 2012) Youth and adults may continue to use drugs to calm themselves or as a means of staying awake.
Introduction Imagine growing up with the fear of constantly being abused by your parents, or not knowing the next time that your caretakers would feed you. Believe it or not, that is the reality for many children living in the United States, which is why the foster care system was established. The foster care system was created to find homes for children who are unable to live with their biological parents, for reasons such as death, abuse, or an unhealthy home environment. Today, there are around 500,000 children residing in the system, and this figure is growing daily (American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 2013). There has been some controversy about how the government handles the foster care system, as some believe that there
Everyone has gone through a phase where they are addicted to something. Whether it is good or not, people have been through this. In this novel, it speaks of an addiction that’s very common in the U.S., which is Drug Addiction. The main character in this book suffered with this. Kristina, the main character, wasn’t the type of child that would ever be sucked into that.
Studies have shown that unvaccinated children are 35 times more likely to contract the disease then immunized children." Parents are putting their children at risk of a life threatening disease out of fear. The possible side effects of the vaccine are nowhere near as like to occur as contracting the disease without the vaccine. The eighth leading cause of death in children is preventable, yet some parents are too stubborn to get their children the vaccine to completely wipe out the measles and other life threatening
Many times this pattern begins at an early age as a juvenile and progress up through adulthood, leading to the so call school to prison pipeline. A 2007 study by two civil rights organizations further demonstrated the government’s emphasis on incarceration over education. Researchers found “the U.S. spent almost $70 billion annually on incarceration, probation and parole.” This figure represented a 127% increase from 1987 to 2007, dramatically outpacing the funding for higher education during the same time period (Porter, 2015). In addition, Mothers who give birth to children in poor conditions have really set the child up to be disadvantaged from the very beginning. Poor conditions, lack of nourishment and the use of alcohol and or drugs are a common occurrence and it influences the outcome of the child, which impacts it later on it life.
“Between 2001 and 2009, the number of kids under 19 visiting emergency rooms for concussions each year increased by 62 percent.” (Source #1,pg.1) More evidence states that, “...Pee Wee and Pop Warner players sustain from 240 to 585 head hits per season between ages 9 and 12, a critical period of brain development.”(Source #2,pg.4) This supports the claim that kids should not be able to play football because it is very dangerous and risky. The effects of playing football can cause life long injuries like brain damage and concussions. Due to this, youths should not be able to play football.
The African American are less likely to make it through school system, this have resulted in the poor educational system. The educational system is just becoming ruined and eventually it would categorize everyone as underclass. This is the huge reason why African American male make up most of the prison and absent to their families. “In 1950, 17 percent of African American children lived in a home with their mothers and not their fathers. By 2010 that have increased to 50 percent.” “In 2010 there was 41 percent and today, the out of wedlock childbirth in the Black community sits at an astonishing 72 percent.” (YourBlackWorld).
Washington Post writer, Justin Moyer’s article American Medical Association Urges Ban on TV Drug Ads, states that DTC (direct to consumer) ads spending has increased by 30% to a $4.5 billion industry, resulting in a 5% increase in actual RX drugs in 2015. The cost of RX drug ads are funded through the actual drug, having the largest impact on patients who actually need and rely on the product. Patients suffer the most through the increase in prices, and are still bombarded by the ads everyday when consuming overpriced products that some need to survive. To add on, RX drug ad companies find ways through advertising to maximize their profit and not focus on the actual drug. RX drug ads are fueled through the want for increasing profits, regardless if consumers actually need the product, while having billions earned in revenue.
Studies that were completed of the prison baby program in Nebraska concluded that 33 percent of women who had been separated from their children ended up back in prison, and for every woman that returns to prison the cost is $30,000 per year. The cost to house them with their children in the child care wing the is only $24,000 per year. Versus just 9 percent of women who were allowed to raise their children who do not return to prison. Across the world many Countries seem to agree that a babies’ place is with its mother. In Sweden babies can be accommodated for up to a year (the average stay is three months).
“The cost to the family and the larger society can be used as one measure of the effectiveness of current and future treatments” (Perkins et al.). It is said that the estimate of the annual cost of a pediatric stroke hospitalization in the United States is about $42 million, however, this amount decreases in comparison with adult stroke. Either way you see it pediatric stroke is still very expensive, because from those children that survive stroke maybe about 50% to 80% will have permanent neurological damage such as hemiparesis