Topic: Dementia Written By: Roxanne Lim, Panchami Chandukudlu, Aditi, Jenny Sui Yuan Abstract: 1. Brief Outline Dementia, commonly referred to as senility, constitutes a vast branch of neurodegenerative disorders that affect the cognitive well being of an individual’s ability to think, remember and act. More commonly addressed in its chronic form, dementia is associated with a range of diseases such as Alzheimer's Disease, the most common form of dementia (making up to 70% of cases), Parkinson’s Disease, vascular dementia, Lewy body dementia, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and frontotemporal dementia. 2. Causes There are four reversible causes of dementia- hypothyroidism, vitamin B12 deficiency, Lyme disease, and neurosyphilis.
According to a site that specializes in providing information about dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, states that “Dementia is a general term for loss of memory and other mental abilities severe enough to interfere with daily life. It is caused by physical changes in the brain.” (Alzheimer’s Association) Whereas Alzheimer’s is a “Type of dementia that causes problems with memory, thinking and behavior.” (Alzheimer’s Association) Generally speaking, one could imagine
Mainly, language problem, persons memory, other intellectual disabilities, impaired judgment, memory loss are the signs of vascular disease. Except this incontinence, weakness, paralysis, mask-face facial expression, non-cognitive hallmarks may appear. Vascular dementia (all forms of stroke e.g., ischemic and hemorrhagic forms) is also a type of dementia. Alzheimer society UK,
General Adaptation Syndrome: Dr. Selye gave three phases of the General Adaptation Syndrome. These three stages are known as: Alarm, Resistance and depletion. Alert is called first phase of GAS. At, this stage individual might feel some level of frenzy and start to think about how to adapt to it. A man 's resistance regularly plunges marginally beneath the typical level amid this stage.
Dementia is often incorrectly referred to as "senility" or "senile dementia," which reflects the formerly widespread but incorrect belief that serious mental decline is a normal part of aging. The condition is progressive and worsens over time; in the later stages, people with dementia become unable to carry out everyday activities and find it difficult to convey their thoughts and feelings. As the symptoms become more profound, they
The authors identified 3 previously reported and 8 novel mutations and concluded that genetic basis in affected members was heterogeneous. More than 144 different TNFRSF1A gene mutations have thus far been identified as causes of TRAPS (In fevers database, online at: http://fmf.igh.cnrs.fr/infevers). Most of these mutations were found in Exons and Introns 2, 3, 4, and 6, as well as mutations in Exons and Introns 1, 5, 7, 8, and 10. Such mutations normally diminish shedding of TNFR1 and eliminate an endogenous antagonist to circulating TNF, resulting in long-lasting activation of TNF signals, although in some patients other mechanisms are present, which are as follows: a) an excess of retained surface TNFR1 leading to a higher susceptibility to TNF 11,b) impaired TNF-driven apoptosis because of less efficient binding of mutant receptor to TNF 12, and c) giving rise to an unfolded protein response or initiating TNF-independent signaling in the cell by misfolded mutant TNFR1
Brain tumors go untreated for long periods of time in the elderly. This is due to the complications in everyday tasks. If a person cannot get the doctor on their own, and they feel like they are a burden to their loved ones, they simply will not go to the doctor. The same goes for physical illnesses, they simply will not go to the
Literature Review According to Gavett and Stern (2012), instead of being a continuous variable, dementia epitomizes the ultimate common clinical pathway for a number of advanced (e.g., chronic traumatic encephalopathy, AD, frontotemporal lobar degeneration) and revocable (e.g., vitamin B12 deficiency, major depression, hypothyroidism) medical conditions. It is believed that the construct of dementia is best hypothesized as continually fluctuating however, evidence is showing dementia is divergent and definite. The simple fact of the presence of dementia does not give insight into its cause. From a developmental perspective of aging, knowing whether the inactive structure of dementia is unqualified or continuous does not appear to provide
Introduction Memory is the ability to maintain and use of information for the appropriate goal (1). Appropriate performance of memory depends on the health of many brain regions, including areas that are very sensitive to injury or disease. Learning and memory impairments are common complaints of individuals with symptoms of neurological disorders that impact on the daily activities and functional capabilities(2–4). Memory impairment is the most important reasons for seeking psychological evaluation in outpatient(2). In addition, many psychiatric and neurological diseases cause impairments in the process of memory(4–6).
Hello Prof. Rocha and Fellow Classmates, This unit as well as the previous unit very well hit home with me, due to the fact, I have love ones who suffer from psychological disorders along with, myself. Namely, studies show that anxiety disorders are the most common mental illness in the United States. In the year of 2014 the statics revealed that, there are forty million adults within the United States ages ranging from eighteen and older (Health, 2014). Within this unit 's reading of the diverse types of theories and techniques employed to assist people struggling with psychological disorders in references to depression as well as, anxiety the therapy I found the psychodynamic therapy would be beneficial as a starting part of therapy
Unable to squat, unable to walk on heels and toes. Asthma, sleep apnea, obesity (11/21/2014 weighed 304.4 pounds), diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis. Was receiving mental health treatment for major depression and chronic pain in the lower back and legs, pain was “becoming intolerable.” Also reported anxiety. Comments: It seemed that there was no improvement in the claimant’s
When this gene has been mutated, it is unable to perform effectively, leaving exocrine based organs unprotected. (Human Genome Cystic Fibrosis) The symptoms of cystic fibrosis can vary from case to case, but the most common symptoms include male infertility, persistent coughing, salty-tasting skin, frequent lung infections such as penuomonia and bronchitis, shortness of breath, wheezing, weight-loss, and difficult bowel movements. Often times the acronym, CF, to represent cystic fibrosis. People with cystic fibrosis make it a very big priority to have minimal contact with