EQ: What factors made Italy the birthplace of the Renaissance? A: Marco Polo’s journey Europe and Asia trade, which opened up new goods and ideas . People looked to the past to gain greater knowledge and fulfillment. Humanism stresses to live a good life and the goal is to make well rounded people. Humanism strengthened growing desires to experiment, explore, and create, which was known as the Renaissance.
What exactly was the Renaissance? Well I’m glad you asked, the Renaissance was technically a ‘’rebirth’’ or ‘’revival’’ of art and literature, as some people would describe it as, and it had started in Europe around the year of 1400 and had lasted until about the 1700s. The Renaissance was a time of intellectual excitement, when art and literature blossomed and groundbreaking scientific advances were being made. During this period of time large parts of scientific and cultural advances were beginning to develop, and people were beginning to see themselves in a new way. The Renaissance changed man’s view of man in at least four areas: Art, Astronomy, Literature, and last but not least Human Anatomy.
The Renaissance is well known as an Italian phenomenon and while the Renaissance may have started in Italy, it inspired further Renaissances to occur all over Europe, including the Northern Renaissance. Beginning in the 14th century, new ideas and concepts were being formed during the Italian Renaissance such as humanism, new perspectives of the Catholic Church, different styles of art, etc.. All these new ideas spread and soon enough in the late 15th century, Northern Europe had a Renaissance of its own, obviously inspired by the Italian Renaissance, but with their own twist to the idea of a Renaissance that was unique to them. Humanism, reform in the Catholic Church, change in literature, and new styles of art can show that there had undeniably been a “rebirth” (Renaissance: rebirth) in Northern Europe and that it indeed had a Renaissance of its own. The focus on humanism was an effect of the Renaissance that occurred in Northern Europe.
The human race has gone through many extravagant eras and ages. From the space age to the Victorian era, humans have seen civilizations fall and revolutions ensue. Possibly the most well known era was the age of the Renaissance. The Renaissance was an advanced age fueled by an infatuation for art and literature. People began to focus on the concept of individualism, and portrayed that in their art.
Rather those took participation in humanism were people those were not a part or associated with the Church. They tended to object an educational system which was highly monopolized by the clergy and was oriented to the clerical needs. They were accustomed to ever changing and concrete activities of life and found that the prevailing system was of abstract thoughts and was both irreverent and useless. Humanism reflected a new beginning, a beginning to a new era called Renaissance. The main contribution of humanism in renaissance was based on the concerns of the flexibility and openness to all possibilities of life rather not of the antiquity.
The Florentines wanted to emulate the Athenians to better reflect the more natural and human side of art and move away from the more spiritually driven aspect of it. Humanism became a central component of Italian art placing the study and progress of human nature at the center of interests. Eventually Humanism allowed your everyday people to become as great as Saints in artistic portrayals. For example halo 's that went around the heads of Saints eventually disappeared during the Renaissance and they began to look more like ordinary people. Humanism affected the way artists were perceived.
Why is humanism such a big factor in past and present society? Humanism is an outlook of thought attaching prime importance to human rather than divine or supernatural matters. For the Renaissance, humanism was a big cultural movement that brought thought of Greek and Roman thoughts. Humanism was expressed in the Renaissance through the works of art, music, and literature. Music was a big factor in the renaissance because there was a lot of church music that was involved.
Between the 14th and 16th century, Italy went through what they termed as Renaissance which was characterized by several changes in the country. As described in Italy, Renaissance means rebirth or rebuilding of a given societal role. The transition of the country came from the medieval to the early European period where different normal operations of the society were greatly altered. Before the rebirth process began, the Italians had the desire to rebuild some of their greatest being thus the creation of the Renaissance process. As a result of the process, Italy had several achievements regarding science, literature, philosophy, music and arts.
Ryan Cho 8/26/16 AP European History 1-2 12.4 Assignment AP Euro- 12.4 Assignment (Vocab + Questions) Vocabulary Terms- Humanism, Petrarch, Neo-Platonism, Renaissance Hermeticism, Gutenberg, liberal studies, Guicciardini. 1) Humanism. Humanism is a philosophical stance/belief that emphasizes human values and benefits rather than supernatural beings or objects. Unlike previous beliefs, humanism stresses critical thinking and evidence (ex, rationalism) to support beliefs, instead of relying on superstition. During the Renaissance, humanism was huge throughout Italian city-states because it was a time when people changed how they thought about humanity, art and philosophy.
How humanism affected the Renaissance and Reformation The Renaissance was a big change in European society. It reintroduced classical culture and brought back their style of art and architecture. In addition, classical culture also established a new way of thinking; humanism. This unique style changed learning, art, science and politics for the better.
Renaissance Humanism was the period of time in which many social and religious systems were being challenged after the austerity of the Middle Ages. The idea of humanism is that individuals could define their lives and live happily on earth without constant worry of the afterlife. People of the Middle Ages were expected to have a duty to the Church, and not be interested in much else. Many people of the Renaissance were conflicted between the medieval ideas of faith and the humanist ideas of reason. Scientific study also advanced from medieval ideas during this time.
Humanism is the concept of being realistic, finding logical explanations to problems and questions, and the belief in people’s individuality. Another change that was different about the Renaissance is that everyone was focused on leaving a legacy. They lived to be remembered and wanted to do something that would leave a lasting impression on the world and the people in it. A
The European Renaissance brought forth the idea of humanism, which placed human needs and desires at the forefront, which in turn changed the way of life in all aspects of society. Including but not limited to the fields of medicine and science. This period’s obsession with ancient Greek and Roman works affected medicine; they drew from prominent figures, largely from Galen, in order to examine and treat their patients. Vesalius, Paracelsus, and Harvey are all great renaissance physicians who are famous for advancing medicine, studying the unknown human anatomy, and making bold proclamations based on experimentation which directly countered the works of their revered ancients.
Renaissance and Reformation of Humanism Humanism is an attitude of thought which gives primary importance to human beings, and its outstanding historical example was the period of Renaissance Humanism from the fourteenth to sixteenth centuries; rediscovered and developed by European scholars of classical Latin and Greek texts. During that time, much of the wisdom of the ancient world was lost or destroyed, in which intellectual life was dominated by religion and theology. It is often called the “Dark Ages” for this reason. In opposition to the religious authoritarianism of Medieval Catholicism, strong emphasize was placed on human dignity, beauty, potential, and every aspect of culture in Europe, including philosophy, music and the arts.
In the eleventh century, the city-state form of government began to establish itself as the emerging Italian political system. These independently controlled regions began to gain power and wealth through improved trade with eastern merchants, and Venice and Amalfi became two of the strongest city-states. The Renaissance, which is the French word for rebirth, began in the fifteenth century. This period was characterized by artistic, cultural, and social advancements as well as the intellectual movement called humanism which believed that human intellect was the source of significance for man rather than the commonly accepted belief in the superiority of the divine and supernatural. Many of the Renaissance’s most notable achievements were in the area of the arts with Florence, Italy serving as the center of this phenomenon.
The printing press made things simpler on humans because before the invention, every paper or letter that needed to be copied had to be reprinted by hand rather than machine, resulting in a slow communication process as well as a much bigger workload for the average European - the printing press solved all of those issues. Also during the Renaissance, the growing influence of humanism lead to the creation of much more artwork as well as creativity within the culture of Europe. As individualism increased by humanism, painters such as Leonardo da Vinci made their mark in the Renaissance with their new style of painting known as “realism,” in which the painter made a picture with a much more real or 3-D impression of the image of humans in paintings. The type of art style, which became popular amongst European painters is derived from the humanistic ideology that spread throughout Europe at the time. Humanism made its impression on the advancement of technology and culture, but it also had a