Although smallpox wasn’t exterminated immediately, vaccines lowered the fatality rates in major cities. Jenner died on January 26th, 1823. He was found in a state of apoplexy, with half of his body paralyzed, both signs of a stroke (“Home”). Today, Jenner is known as the “Father of Immunology” because he largely contributed to the immunization of viruses. Edward Jenner deserves to be in the Hall of Fame because his scientific encounter allowed every generation after him live healthier
Since ancient times, Smallpox has devastated the world, killing millions of people. Often referred to as the speckled monster, the smallpox disease originated in the new world when Spanish and Portuguese conquistadors and early English settlers arrived in the Americas. Although there had been attempts to cure the disease, including variation, (that came from Asia 2,000 years ago), they all had a high risk of death. It wasn’t until 1796, when Edward Jenner, a English paleontologist came up with a new form of vaccine, it was called inoculation. The disease decimated the local population and was one of the main reasons for the fall of the Aztec and Inca empires.
Science has changed our perspective of the world in many different ways throughout many different time periods. Medicine has advanced so much throughout the past decades. Joseph Lister in the late 1800s introduced new aseptic methods. His introduction of sterile medicine has saved many lives and lessened the chance of patients getting an infection called ward fever. Joseph was born April 5, 1827 in Essex, England.
He has been a great life changer, literally life changer. Jonas Salk 's was the first inventor of the Polio Vaccine. (salk announces polio vaccine.) It was a great invention until Sabin improved it. Salk 's was a really brilliant guy and he made lots of people feel so much better.
Now that pharmacists have progressed in the study of medicine we now have vaccines to limit the spread of Chickenpox. It wasn’t mandatory to take it until the 90s, so many kids born in the 2000s have and may never have Chickenpox. Chickenpox was like any other disease in the 1800’s- when people started to become aware of the unsanitary conditions, and change their lifestyle-it slowly started to vanish. “People develop antibodies, and the diseases eventually die out, scarlet fever is an example (Health Facts 1).” Similar to Scarlet Fever, Chickenpox ultimately died out, and now has almost
Meanwhile Jenner discovered that ranch workers milking cows everyday didn’t catch well the disease. There was a disease, cowpox that is similar to smallpox but a weaker form. When a person contracted cowpox, he or she could endure well than a person who caught smallpox and wasn’t stricken with smallpox anymore. Inspired by this realization Jenner invented the smallpox vaccine after some experiments using cowpox virus. Since then the term ‘vaccine’ began to be used by Louis Pasteur who has been called “microbial father”.
Prior to the discovery of the New World by Europeans, Native Americans populated what is presently North and South America in massive numbers; however, due to massive population loss, mainly caused by diseases introduced by Europeans and Africans, the Native Americans were unfortunately forced to live as inferiors to the Europeans. A major issue that faced native populations of the New World was the fact that the Europeans introduced foreign animals that carried diseases the natives had never seen before. Specifically in Mexico and Peru, the natives had alpacas and llamas in small and isolated groups, so diseases were not able to originate in them [McNeil 178]. On the other hand, the animals that the Europeans brought over, such as cattle,
Variolation was a way to eliminate smallpox but it still led to deaths in about one to two percent of individuals. The smallpox infection was eventually eradicated through vaccination developed by Edward Jenner, and through many other public health services such as surveillance, prevention, cooperation, and health programs. The eradication of smallpox was significant in the world at the time but there are still many problems that have caused controversy today. One of those problems includes the remaining strains of smallpox that is located at the CDC in Atlanta and another in Russia. Throughout history, the infection dilemma has gone from being spread through sneezing and coughing, and now it may be able to spread through an attack.
(Ott) The regulations put out by government ensured that the outbreak would come to an immediate halt, and if a new epidemic were to sweep through the states, it would be derailed. Another outbreak of influenza became prevalent in England in 1933. A doctor was able to isolate the disease and noticed how it spread. Lots of this was due to research from the Spanish Influenza, and the death toll was much lower. (Youngdahl) This new outbreak proved that the American treatments and vaccinations were effective.
It began with the long history of infectious disease in humans, with early uses of smallpox material to provide immunity to that disease. Evidence states that the Chinese employed smallpox inoculation as early as 1000 CE. It was practiced in Africa and Turkey, before it spread to Europe and the Americas. Edward Jenner’s innovations, begun with his successful 1796 use of cowpox pus to create immunity to smallpox. Over the period of next 200 years, his innovation was bettered, which resulted the total eradication of smallpox.