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Erick Erickson's Attachment Theory

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Attachment Theory states that a strong emotional and physical attachment to at least one primary caregiver is critical to personal development (Dun, Craig p.136). Having a strong attachment to the primary caregiver provides a sense of security and a solid foundation for the child. This theory is the stepping stone to Erick Erickson’s second stage of psychosocial development. During this phase, autonomy vs shame and doubt, a child will have the natural tendency to branch out from the primary caregiver. Children, if permitted to, will develop their own desires, abilities and self-esteem, ideas and thoughts through autonomy. Toddlers in general will want to do things for themselves without help or interference from other people, primarily from…show more content…
A parent should child-proofs their home as they will offer their child the ability to partake freedom and administer safe practices at the same time for their child to explore his or hers environment, thus stimulate the proper development of autonomy. The potential strength of a child is acquired on successful determination, at this stage is the determination to exercise free will while facing his or hers failures, as well as shame and doubt. (Gonzalez-Mena & Eyer,…show more content…
On the other hand, if a child is harshly discouraged for their actions, in this case accidents, then they may develop unhealthy doubts about themselves and potentially question their own abilities, and possibly hinder the capability to tackle new challenges (Gonzalez-Mena & Eyer, 2004). This is a very critical and sensitive period for a child, the outcomes of this stage will eventually influence their future behaviors towards the primary caregiver and self-esteem. Balance between the, parent(s) and child, is a quite difficult
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