Neither one of the ideas that they have for the government will work for the world today, because the world is not as good and peaceful as Lao-tzu describes in Tao-Te Ching, and not as chaotic or mean as Machiavelli says in The Prince. Lao-Tzu’s writing is mainly based off the religion Taoism. This type of religion believes that the way of the universe is the natural way of life and that it shouldn’t be interfered with by man. Lao-Tzu believes that one shouldn’t have total control of the government, that everything should run its course as it is supposed to do not as the humans want to make it. He believes that the ruler should be carefree and should not rule forcefully but be kind and silent.
As briefly discussed in the introduction, the issue of the nation and nationalism should not be confined to hard politics. Indeed, recent scholarships have turned from the statist perspective to regional and even individual experience of the nation and nationalism, among other issues. More importantly, the cultural aspect of the individuals has drawn spotlight as well. Although political historians, such as Benedict Anderson, have pointed out the significance of cultural factors in the formation of the nation and the spread of nationalism, the lived experience of that culture by individuals rarely received attention among political scientists. Yet fields like history, anthropology, and literature, in recent decades, have begun to draw attention
It is crucial to analyse all these types of social capital, in order to explain which factors are determining such differences within an educational context. As Meuleman et al are arguing (2014, 503), utilising Bourdieu’s and Marx’s concept of capital, non-traditional students’ experience might not always be positive. It often implies serious difficulties to integrate within the social and academic field of university, sometimes resulting in isolation and even depression, having difficulties to feel part of a community (ibid,509). Cultural capital is also playing a crucial role, as some students, with a different, even international background have difficulties achieving high results, due to a lack of a required cultural and language skills
In Gulliver’s first two expeditions, he condemns these vices without providing a ready-made solution to avoid their effects in the society and in politics. Describing Lilliput, he gives at most some leads such as, for example, rewarding people who observe the laws or choosing honourable persons for public employments. In Brobdingnag, Gulliver doesn’t meet the vices which are denounced by Swift, but the moral fibre of the giants seems to be a natural disposition of this people and not the result of the institutions of their country. Indeed these institutions aren’t accurately depicted in Swift’s
How does Rousseau conceive the relationship between democracy and freedom? What are the main merits of and problems with his approach? Although the Social Contract promises freedom to the members of the state this freedom does not automatically include democracy. Democracy is suggested as a possible form of government alongside aristocracy and monarchy whereas today it is arguable that democracy is seen as the only form which denotes a free people. Freedom could well be defined as "having a say in political decision making" but Rousseau 's idea of freedom is from one 's own natural desires so it is possible to be a good citizen and lead a more fulfilling life.
Media contribute to maintain that system. Media has a great influence upon the audience and it could be judge from what that is not said, so media works to maintain the status quo and at the same time it failed to raise the question about the structure of society. Commercially sponsored mass media cannot work for minor changes in the social system. Some media can be progressive only if the sponsors are agreed upon. Impact on Popular taste
However, if there is a special and strong bond between the citizen and the government, it should not be a problem to allow the citizens from having a dual citizenship. Overall, the 2 most important factors explaining the increasing tolerance toward dual citizenship are firstly, the changing relationships between individual and nation-states, and secondly, altered relations between the states and the
It is difficult to find an ideal term of categorization for this level. "District" seems like a suitable choice as many factors do operate within the strict boundaries of electoral districts. But that is not always the case, and terms like "local," "regional" or "provincial" may be more appropriate in some instances. The two most common district level determinants are the competitiveness of elections, and whether an area is urban or rural. In their seminal work on participation, Verba, Nie, and Kim (1978) expand on the importance of group-based mobilization efforts in lifting turnout.
FCEs contributed to a more positive environment for innovation in public administration. The practical result was that legislation, which indeed turned out to be unnecessary or to provide extensive administrative burden, was removed or changed. This contributed to a more bottom-up innovation process (at state level at least). However, removing the rules turned out to be a necessary but not sufficient condition for innovation. A lack of funding and insufficient levels of resources for the creation and implementation of innovations served as additional
Derrida states that even though friendship is not necessarily considered by many political scholars as political concepts (i.e. sovereignty, bureaucracy, government, nation, state, citizenship, etc. ), in political theory, it is seen as an important agent of socialization and the formation of organizations and movements. Little (1993) believes that citizens become informed, conscientious, and good members of society not just through collective political action, but they can become such through “friendship and conversation”. Modern political philosophers such as Smith argue that friendship can exemplify a good model of citizenship and participation in discussion.