Introduction Diabetes mellitus is a disease where the sugar levels in one’s blood is above the normal level. This is caused when the body does not produce enough insulin or the body’s cells do not respond correctly to insulin or both. A manifestation of diabetes in the eye is diabetic retinopathy .This affects the retina of the eye. It is when small vessels which are damaged spill into the retina. These blood vessels usually nourish the retina. These blood vessels get blocked which causes irregular new blood vessels to form. Bleeding into the vitreous gel may occur due to these new blood vessels being weak. Retinal detachment may also occur because of these new blood vessels pulling on the retina. Diabetic retinopathy is a major cause of visual impairment in middle aged people and visual loss in older people. It affects almost all individuals who have had diabetes for more than fifteen years. It affects both Type 1 and Type 2 individuals. Diabetic retinopathy is hardly detected in the first few years of diabetes. It is the most common micro vascular complication of people with diabetes. The risk of developing diabetic retinopathy is increased with high blood sugar and high blood pressure. There are two types of diabetic retinopathy, proliferative and non-proliferative. Proliferative diabetic retinopathy is where …show more content…
If hemorrhages are small they are look similar to microaneurysms and they also occur like microaneurysms but they are found in the deeper layers of the retina, such as the inner nuclear and outer plexiform layers. Their appearance is a red dot with a density that is uneven. The red dot will be less than 125 microns. This characteristic will not be present if the haemorrhages are round in shape and smooth margins. Sometimes it may be difficult to differentiate between microaneurysms and small haemorrhages. In this case it will be classified as a HMa which is a microaneurysms or a small
There are approximately 350 million individuals living with DM worldwide. In the United States, the rate of T2DM has increased in individuals of AA descent with the prevalence rate escalating in the past 30 years and has quadrupled. AAs above 20 years of age are 1.7 times more likely to be diagnosed with DM than the Caucasians. They accounted for 10.8% of all individual with diabetes (CDC, 2015). A comparison of rates of diagnosis of diabetes mellitus by ethnicity and race disclosed that in 2010 the AAs diagnosed for diabetes were 13.2% of 29.1 million Americans (ADA, 2014).
Type 1 diabetes has many symptoms, which include: blurry vision, losing weight, and always being thirsty. Type one diabetes is most common in humans before the age of 30. People do not realize that diabetes could kill them if they don 't take it
Type two diabetes can cause many issues and problems for the person involved. For example, one can develop kidney disease due to the fact that high levels of blood sugar make the kidneys filter too much blood. Waste products start to build up in the blood and eventually the kidney starts to fail. Secondly, diabetes can also cause amputations and blindness to occur in severe matters. The cause of nerve damage and poor circulation makes the feet and lower legs at risk of amputation.
Kevin Mc Kinney from the American academy of ophthalmology acknowledge that it exists different types of glaucoma and categorize them as follow: “1) Primary open angle glaucoma: this is the most common form of glaucoma. It occurs when the trabecular meshwork of the eye gradually becomes less efficient at draining fluid. 2) Normal tension glaucoma: that type of glaucoma arises even though the pressure in the eye is normal, but the optic nerve is damaged.3) Angle closure glaucoma: also called narrow angle glaucoma. It occurs when someone’s iris is very close to the drainage angle in their eye.
Part A: Sugar study Diabetes is a condition where sugar is not processed properly in the body. If the diabetic does not take care of their condition, complications may arise which could have a significant impact of the quality of the life of the diabetic, which could reduce their life expectancy. Although there is no cure for diabetes, the diabetic can still maintain a healthy life by effectively managing their food consumption. There are three types of diabetes, type one, type two and gestational diabetes. All three types are very complex and are serious conditions that needs to be taken care of.
Diabetes is an illness caused high blood sugar and metabolic disease. Hyperglycemia is due to problems production or action in insulin of biological damage caused, or both. People who have diabetes for a long time may experience damage to many parts of the body with high blood sugar, leading to a variety of organizations, particularly chronic damage to the eyes, kidneys, heart, blood vessels, nerves, and dysfunction. In general, people with Type 1 diabetes have a lack of insulin while people who have Type 2 diabetes have too little insulin or cannot use insulin effectively.
In a diabetic person, the procedure between insulin and glucose is broken. This causes the sugar level in the body to rise to dangerous levels. Diabetes affects the heart, eyes, kidneys, nerves, and skin. If unchecked, diabetes will lead to dehydration, coma, and even death. Even when checked, diabetes can still lead to blindness, heart diseases, strokes, and vascular diseases.
High blood glucose, or hyperglycemia, primarily affects those with diabetes. If left untreated it might lead to chronic difficulties, such as kidney disease or nerve damage. Worthy diabetes management and suspicious blood glucose observing are together
Causes of Diabetes Diabetes is a group of diseases that is marked by high levels of glucose, or sugar, in the blood. The increased amount sugar in the blood is a result of either defects in the production of insulin or the way in which insulin is used by the body. Complications from diabetes can result in further medical conditions that make it even more difficult to treat the diabetes, such as kidney failure, peripheral vascular disease or heart disease. Type 1 diabetes is the result of a lack of insulin production because of the destruction of beta cells in the pancreas.
There is a wide open angle in between the cornea and the iris and is slow to develop. The wide open angle between the iris and cornea gives the name open-angle glaucoma. Open-angle glaucoma generally goes unnoticed. The effects of this glaucoma are gradual and have no noticeable symptoms. Angle-closure glaucoma is also called narrow-angle glaucoma and is less common and caused by drainage canals that are blocked.
Next, the patient’s cholesterol levels, which can be related to diabetes, but can also be related to current diet and exercise regimen. Outcomes that will be inclusive of lowering cholesterol, losing weight promoting wound healing, and assist in glucose control includes: the patient and patient’s family will verbalize a minimum of four components of a healthy diet by 1500 on 8/24/2015, and the patient will identify a minimum of three exercises that promote weight loss by 1500 on 8/24/2015. Last, the patient is very near sighted, which is possibly related to the diabetes. A proper outcomes for the patient’s vision is, the patient will wear corrective lenses by 1500 on 8/24/2015, and the patient will verbalize compliance of going to an ophthalmologist once a year by 1500 on
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a heterogeneous syndrome characterized by abnormalities in carbohydrate and fat metabolism. Also known as "on-set diabetes" or "non-insulin-dependent diabetes". Factors that set the influence of developmening diabetes are genetic, metabolic, microbiologic and immunologic. Genetic factors include etiology of diabetes because it runs in the families. Metabolic factors involved in the etiology of diabetes are several and complex.
Diabetes is a diseases characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion or insulin action, sometimes both. The chronic hyperglycemia of diabetes is associated with long-term damage, dysfunction, and failure of various organs, like eyes and kidneys, can also cause problems with blood vessels.. There are three main types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and other specific types which we classify as one type. There is important and the most common type of diabetes is prediabetes, that is why we classify this type as a first one. It is a condition whenever blood glucose level is very high and higher then normal level but not high enough for be type 2 diabetes.
With my family having a history of this disease we take it very seriously and don’t joke around with it. Diabetes is a group of diseases that affect how your body uses blood sugar (glucose). Glucose is vital to your health because it’s an important source of energy for the calls that make up your muscles and tissues. It’s also your brain’s main source of fuel. There are different types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and even gestational diabetes.