Diabetes 1 has two pick ages when it occurs. The first peak age is in children between 4 and 7years old.Second – 10 to 14 years old while diabetes 2 tends to occur in people over 45 years old. How bad can diabetes effect on human’s health? Well, the answer is pretty disappointing. It can damage your heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes and kidneys.
Messerili et al. (2007) defined essential hypertension as a rise in blood pressure of unknown cause that increases risk for cerebral, cardiac, and renal events. Essential hypertension usually clusters with other cardiovascular risk factors such as ageing, being overweight, insulin resistance, diabetes, and hyperlipidaemia. Subtle target-organ damage such as left-ventricular hypertrophy, microalbuminuria, and cognitive dysfunction takes place early in the course of hypertensive cardiovascular disease. Although catastrophic events such as stroke, heart attack, renal failure, and dementia usually happen after long periods of uncontrolled hypertension only.
In the present scenario, diabetes mellitus is a common and serious health problem that is a threat to people regardless of age with an increasing rates of incidence and mortality. The Philippines is one of the countries with most cases of diabetes mellitus, ranked in the world top 15 with 4 million of its population diagnosed with diabetes and addition of the unknown number of people unaware of their possible condition (IDF, 2015). Diabetes Mellitus can be classified into two categories: Type 1 is insulin-dependent mellitus (IDDM), when the body does not produce any insulin and it is the type of DM common to children and young adults. DM Type 1 accounts for 5-10% of diabetes cases. Type 2 is noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), in which the body does not produce enough insulin or if there is, it is improperly used.
The overall prevalence of ALS in the United States has been estimated to be between one and two cases per 100,000 people. The overall prevalence worldwide is estimated to be between four and ten per 100,000 people. Even though ALS can occur at any particular age, the most common age at onset is the mid-to-late 50s. Men are affected slightly more than women, according to most studies, by a ratio of five to three. The vast majority of patients with ALS have no prior family history of the disease.
Adults with diabetes have increased risk of heart attacks and strokes. Combined with reduced blood flow, neuropathy (nerve damage) in the feet increases the chance of foot ulcers, infection and eventual need for limb amputation. Diabetic retinopathy is an important cause of blindness, and occurs as a result of long-term accumulated damage to the small blood vessels in the retina. 2.6% of global blindness can be attributed to diabetes, according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
The common side effects experienced by a person addicted to Adderall are insomnia, dizziness, tremors, overstimulation of the nervous system, hyperactivity and headaches. Other side effects include upset stomach, loss of appetite, insipid taste in the mouth, constipation, diarrhea, and rapid loss of weight. Children who are given this drug show signs of a slowed growth rate too. You need a prescription to buy these pills. It is illegal to take these drugs if you do not have a prescription.
Blue lips and skin and lack of pulse indicate that someone is not getting enough oxygen through their body do to the slowed down heart rate. Besides the short term effects there are also long term effects that a lot more severe and can cause a lot of damage. Some of the effects are, pain while not using the drug, seizures, organ damage, coma and death (“Cough and Cold Med.”). Once people begin developing a tolerance to drugs, it takes a higher dose of the drug to get the same high
Hyperkalemia What is hyperkalemia? Hyperkalemia is the medical term for high serum potassium levels. This is often caused by kidney disease, high dietary potassium intake, increased cell breakdown, insulin insufficiency, and use of certain medications (eg, NSAIDs, beta-blockers). Rapid elevations in potassium or very high potassium levels may produce symptoms such as muscle weakness, paralysis, cardiac arrhythmias, and even death. Hyperkalemia that does not respond to medical therapy may require dialysis.
As it is the part of the eye that is responsible for central vision, sufferers therefore lose their ability to use their central vision. There are two types of AMD; Dry AMD and Wet AMD. Dry AMD develops when there is a build-up of waste products called drusen. A build-up of these waste products result in the damage of light cells of the macular leaving you with blurry central vision. Wet AMD however is a more severe case of AMD which develops due to abnormal blood vessels growing under the macular, believed to be caused because of a misguided attempt to clear the waste products.
The leak or rupture may be caused by conditions that affect the blood vessels. Examples include uncontrolled hypertension, aneurysms, and over treatment with anticoagulants. Types of hemorrhagic strokes are intracerebral stroke and subarachnoid stroke. Intracerebral is when a blood vessel in the brain bursts and spills into the surrounding brain tissue. This results in the damage of brain cells and including the cells beyond the spill which then, aren’t able receive enough blood.
The symptoms of Sickle cell include a delay in growth, vision problems, and pain. The pain usually comes and goes. Some people report that the pain is so severe that they need to be hospitalized in order to get a handle on the severity. The reason there is a delay in growth is because when the misshaped blood cells create a blockage, there is a decrease in oxygen to certain portions of the body. Sometimes with Sickle cell people experience swollen hands and feet.
8.4 Discussion Diabetic patients often the wound heal poorly. They have higher incidence of DFU. Even if the patients have normal pulse rate the healing of wound and peripheral injuries are slow. The poor healing is diabetes is due to micro vascular change manifested by endothelial proliferation in small arteries and basement membrane thickening in capillaries. The obesity also leads to diabetes and reduces the immune capacity of the patient.
Hewan Zerihun NR 222 Professor Emily Namesny Chamberlin school of nursing 11/29/15 Health Promotion In Older Adults With type two diabetes Health Promotion In older Adults With Type Two Diabetes Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes and is more common in older adults ages 65 and older. In type 2 diabetes the body does not use insulin properly. When insulin is not used properly by the body it leads to insulin resistance. Glucose builds up in the blood instead of going into cells as a result cells will starve for energy. If left untreated diabetes affects many organs of the body including the eyes, the kidneys, nerves and the heart.
Due to the sickling of the cells blood vessels may be blocked which causes the hands and/or feet to painfully swell. Swelling only occurs on the back of the hands and feet and moves into the finger and toes. This may be the first sign of sickle cell in infants. The spleen helps filter out abnormal red blood cells and helps fight infections. At times the spleen traps many cells that should be in the bloodstream and it grows large.
Healthy tissue also is replaced by cysts, or small holes filled with fluids.” CF affects the transport of salt and water across cells. It not only affects the lungs, but it also affects the pancreas and some other organs. Some of its symptoms are salted tasting skin, constant coughing some times with phlegm, etc. Cystic Fibrosis is caused by a damaged gene that a child obtains from both of their parents. Cystic Fibrosis is a hereditary condition, and for a child to get the disease, they have to get one copy of the defective gene from their mother and their