If you 're wondering what the symptoms of this disease is, then i will tell you. The symptoms of this disease is for people with diabetes, controlling blood sugar levels is important. Having a blood sugar level that 's too high and can make you feel very sick, and having high blood sugar levels a lot can be super unhealthy. If you have someone with diabetes type 1, you should read this because people with type 1 diabetes need to follow a treatment plan to manage their diabetes and stay healthy and active. There is no cure for diabetes but you can manage it, also there is medicines for diabetes that help the symptoms go down.
Introduction Diabetes mellitus is a disease where the sugar levels in one’s blood is above the normal level. This is caused when the body does not produce enough insulin or the body’s cells do not respond correctly to insulin or both. A manifestation of diabetes in the eye is diabetic retinopathy .This affects the retina of the eye. It is when small vessels which are damaged spill into the retina. These blood vessels usually nourish the retina.
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES According to Carlson (2015), diabetes mellitus refers to a group of diseases that affect how the body uses blood sugar, also known as glucose. Glucose is important to the health because it is the source of energy for the cells that make up the humans' muscles and tissues. It is also the brains' main source of fuel. However, if a person has diabetes, it means that there is too much glucose in the blood, which can lead to serious health problems. Goel (2007) shared an interesting point of view regarding the causes of diabetes.
Similarly, as blood glucose falls, the amount of insulin secreted by the pancreatic islets goes down. Insulin has an effect on a number of cells, including muscle, red blood cells, and fat cells. In response to insulin, these cells absorb glucose out of the blood, having the net effect of lowering the high blood glucose levels into the normal range. Glucagon is secreted by the alpha cells of the pancreatic islets in the same manner as insulin...except in the opposite direction. If blood glucose is high, then no glucagon is secreted.
Understanding Diabetes and Knowing How to Control It Better There are two major types of Diabetes Mellitus. You have the Type I diabetes mellitus, which is DM caused by an autoimmune disorder. This type usually begins in childhood. In this condition, the pancreas is no longer producing the adequate amount of insulin, so the glucose level is increased in the bloodstream. Insulin is very important because it attaches to the cells and sends a signal to start absorbing sugar from the bloodstream.
This is why blood glucose levels are higher in people with diabetes. There are two main types of diabetes, ‘Type 1 diabetes’ in which the pancreas doesn’t produce any insulin and ‘Type 2 diabetes’ where the pancreas makes some insulin but it is not produced in the amount the body needs. To stay alive, people with type 1 diabetes depend on up to four insulin injections every day. These insulin injections provide the body with the insulin the pancreas fails to produce. They must also test their blood glucose levels several times
Type 2 is noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), in which the body does not produce enough insulin or if there is, it is improperly used. DM Type 2 is the most common form of diabetes for having 90-95% of diabetes. NIDDM is nearing epidemic proportions for the increasing number of the elderly, obesity, and inactive lifestyle. Plants
Women who are frequently diagnosed with this disease are especially those older than 60 years of age. In such women, menopause is accompanied by lower estrogen levels and hence increases the risk for being diagnosed with osteoporosis. Inadequate intake of calcium and vitamin D, lack of weight-bearing exercise, and other age-related changes in endocrine functions, in addition to lack of estrogen are few of the many other factors that may contribute to bone loss in this age group. SYMPTOMS There are characteristically no symptoms of bone loss in the early stages. But signs and symptoms start appearing once bones have been weakened by osteoporosis, a few of the signs and symptoms include: 1.
PCOS, is an intricate genetic condition where the prevalence of obesity among women with PCOS is higher than that of age-matched, healthy women without this syndrome (Yildiz et al., 2008). They have characteristic features like hyperandrogenism, chronic oligo/ anovulation, central dysregulation of gonadotrophin secretion, obesity, hirsutism and menstrual abnormalities. β-endorphins in PCOS patients were detected in the pancreas and are responsible for the release of insulin and glucagons (Guido et al., 2006). The availability of insulin in excess causes elevated levels of androgen synthesis favoring hyperandrogenism in PCOS
The lysosome then cannot break down sugars and slows the digestive system. These sugars are found in muscle cells which makes the overall muscle weaker when the cells are affected by the lack of AGG. The malfunction of this organelle may cause many issues for the other organelles in the cell. The lysosome becomes overpacked when the excess of glycogen builds up. The bloating of the lysosome may end up in its rupture which would severely damage the other organelle and ruin their functions.
Too much insulin can cause hypoglycemia because the liver produces less glucose and the cells of the body absorb more glucose. Too much glucagon results in too much glucose in the bloodstream because it is not absorbed by the cells and can result in high blood sugar. Not enough insulin causes a rise in the blood glucose level because the glucose remains in the bloodstream. Not enough glucagon results in dangerously low blood glucose levels