The idea of the English language today entails globalisation, in other words connecting across borders effectively through a widespread common language. Whether it be when conducting political agendas, sharing knowledge for innovative future projects or express a diverse cul-tural fascination, English is the preferred language to use. However, English is not seen as the perfect global language. As Masani states, “Most of the political hostility to English now comes from extreme regional chauvinists who condemn it as a Trojan horse of globalisation, trampling on local identities.” This paper argues how the spread of the British Empire during the 19th century and the globalisation during the 20th century has changed English from a language
It has reached the present day status primarily because of two main factors – the expansion of British Empire in the 19th Century and the emergence of the United States as the leading economic power of the 20th Century. Across India, we find people speaking more than 400 languages and dialects, but only 22 of them are considered official languages. They include English, which is widely spoken in the big cities. And with rapid urbanisation, The demand for English has been sweeping almost all the fields of national life like politics, international relations, media, communication, travel and education. Most of the earlier scientific innovations were made in Britain and are now continued in America.
For instance, the importance of English as global language has been rapidly increasing, as it has become the most important medium of telecommunication. All over the world people will have to learn English to use computer software. It is not British but American English that is in the ascendancy. Many computers have only American English software and it is the main transnational language used in various fields of scientific, cultural, economic and business activities. (Girish Mishra,2008) Hence, with the improved technology alongside with the great usage of English as a global language people can communicate their ideas and even build democratic relations globally.
With emerging technology and new firms forming with similar ideas, a strict solution must be proposed to prevent the theft of intellectual property (IP). As mentioned, developing countries want to have a shorter lifetime patent versus developed countries who want a longer life span of patent contract. The reason for this is probably because with a shorter life span, developing countries can form similar products and sell them for a higher profit. This article emphasizes that imitation can be an effective competitive strategy. On the contrary, the United States labels imitators are counterfeits, clones, and copycats.
All of the issues regarding the government also been asked, among them were, are national governments losing the power to regulate MNCs? In my opinion, the power is still there for the government to control the MNCs, but the point is what will be the effect then. That is the main problem, because MNCs’ hold such a good image for the countries and also one of the attractions to investors. So it is not easy for the national government itself to regulate as MNCs influencing images and many other things that involve the economic of that particular nations. MNCs can further pressure the governments of such countries by threatening to take back their operations, which Increased Unemployment And Economic Woes.
English is now considered an international language and a lingua franca for many nations. It reached a level of globalization where it became a language that operates as a mean of communication worldwide. Many linguists see that English is the most developed language in the world, as many theories has been developed around the language to analyze its origin and how it achieved its global state. English is not a language for just the United Kingdom of Britain; 1.5 to 2 billion English active speakers exist today and they use English in their professional and personal life. English, nowadays, has become a language for almost everything, so English now has its global identity.
Why do so many people learn English and what are the effects of this trend? The main reason is English is the world’s common language. Since there are many languages in the world, this must be a communication problems. It is important to have a language that most of the people known. English as a common language between speakers whose local languages are different and speak with each other.
ENGLISH: THE UNVOIDABLE TREND English is a part of the unavoidable trend toward worldwide uniformity and means where a growing number of people can communicate directly with each other. It is the most common language spoken everywhere and its usage in the global world today is undeniable. Economic globalization is going hand in hand with the growing use of it. People are being encouraged to use this language especially in formal way of writing and communicating particularly on workplace. However, despite of its enormous influence there are still many countriesthathave least of basic competence on its use.
Globalization ,networking ,economic integration ,internet and MNC’s together have played major roles in giving English the status of major lingua franca of world beyond doubt. English as lingua franca has comfortably taken its role in business, science, engineering and also in various cultural fields. People like Widdowson, Seidlehofer and Jenkins have pointed out that use of English as lingua franca has become the fastest growing function in the world .Most of the scientific ,technological and academic information in the world is expressed in English and 80% of all the information stored in electronic retrieval system is in English(crystal,1997:106).with revolutionary economic growth ELF along with it has emerged as the most vibrant field of study English is the bridge or breath between people or of the people belonging to different fields. At the same time well established sociolinguistic fact is that language are shaped by their users and nowadays L2 learners are more in number than that of native speakers. India is one good example of English as ELF because it needs English as one of the official language even though many languages spoken in the country.