Health Disparities Among Young Adults with Overweight/Obesity
Overweight/obesity is a growing public health concern among young adults, defined as people between the ages of 18 and 35. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in the United States, nearly 40% of young adults are classified as overweight or obese. This population is a critical period for health promotion and disease prevention, as the habits and behaviors adopted during this time can have lasting effects on health outcomes. In addition, young adulthood is a time of significant life changes, including transitioning to adulthood, starting a career, and potentially starting a family. The presence of overweight/obesity during this period may …show more content…
In addition to the built environment, access to healthy food options, and access to healthcare, other SDOH can impact weight status and health outcomes. For example, social norms around body weight and shape can influence young adults' perceptions of their own bodies and their behaviors related to eating and physical activity. In particular, young adults who feel stigmatized or discriminated against based on their weight may experience poor mental health outcomes, which can further contribute to weight gain and other negative health outcomes (Puhl & Heuer, …show more content…
These nurses can work in a variety of settings, such as community health clinics, schools, and public health departments, to provide education, counseling, and support for young adults with overweight/obesity. Public health nurses can also work with community-based organizations to develop and implement interventions that address the social determinants of health that contribute to health disparities in this population.
According to the American Nurses Association (ANA), public health nursing practice is guided by the principles of social justice, respect for human dignity, and the right to self-determination (ANA, 2013). Public health nurses apply these principles by working with individuals, families, and communities to improve health outcomes and reduce health disparities. The ANA (2013) notes that public health nurses must be knowledgeable about the social determinants of health and be able to apply this knowledge to their practice. This includes understanding how factors such as income, education, and access to healthcare influence health outcomes and
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What does the term health disparities mean? Health disparities according to Medline Plus refers to the differences in the health status of different groups of people. (MedlinePlus, 2017) These differences are mainly the rates of which diseases and deaths the most common among that certain group compared to others. Groups can be based on a person’s race, ethnicity, immigrant status, disability, gender, income, and geography.
Healthiness is a sense of well-being and interactions that allows individuals to be involved in their lifestyle choices, such as nutrition, exercise, and risky behaviors. As a DNP-prepared nurse, there is an obligation to promote health and encourage healthy lifestyles. Health promotion is comprised of education, judgements, accommodating with activities to include health screening, individual care, supporting environmental modification for optimistic well-being activities and options, and developing policies in employment and public locations (Rowland, Fragala-Pinkham, Miles, & O’Neil, 2015). It is important to assess one’s own health and live a healthy lifestyle to be a respectable healthcare provider, as well as be a role model for other
Comparison of ANA Public Health Nursing (PHN) Standards, California PHN Standards, and the ANA Standards of Professional Performance. Public Health Nursing (PHN) standards of practice are several expectations and guidelines that define and shape the professional responsibilities and competencies of public health nurses by ensuring that PHNs deliver professional, high-quality, and evidence-based care that is motivated by improving the health and well-being of populations, families, and individuals (American Nurses Association [ANA], 2022). The American Nurses Association (ANA) Standards of Professional Performance gives the framework for nursing practice, guidance for professional development, and a competent level behavior in a professional role (ANA, 2022). The guidelines summarize salient expected behaviors and competencies in all practice settings.
Annotated Bibliography Babey, S.H., Hastert, T.A., Wolstein, J., Diamant, A.L. (2010). Income disparities in obesity trends among California adolescents. American Journal of Public Health (100)11, 2149 2155. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2010.192641 Childhood obesity has increased to 17% in the last thirty years, causing concern for the health industry as costs increase and preventable diseases become more prevalent. Over 17,000 adolescents were interviewed in the California study between 2001-2007 through the California Health Interview Survey.
Social determinants of health are the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work, and age, all of which have an impact on their health. The social determinants of health entail a person's age, sex, genetic makeup, health behaviors, as well as their social and community networks, socioeconomic, cultural and environmental conditions, and health systems. Social determinants of health are shaped by money, power, and resources and influence health inequities, which are the unfair and avoidable health differences between different groups of people between or within countries. A community or population's social determinants of health can determine and lead to the unequal distribution of resources which has great influence on a person’s
Likewise, heart disease and cancer were the leading cause of death of blacks in Alabama according to the Office of Minority Health (Health Disparities, 2006). The doctorate prepared nurse can advocate for the minorities that he/she services by first becoming aware of the determinants that affect the minorities in that community i.e. dangerous neighborhoods, lack of fresh food, transportation difficulties. An advanced practice nurse can partner with community leaders to provide safer areas for exercise. APNs are to educate the patient on proper foods, but in areas where fresh food is not easily accessible to educate on reading nutrition labels and better food choices (Schroedl, 2012).
Healthcare disparity can be explained as the gap created in the delivery of healthcare to communities which causes some communities to receive better healthcare than others. Some factors that can cause these disparities include race, socioeconomic status, location, and gender. Because of health care disparities, there are a lot of patients who are and will be at risk for many diseases such as diabetes, obesity and hypertension. These disparities negatively affect the overall cost of delivering quality healthcare and are issues that must be addressed by the people who know them best, the health care workers. Through the NURSE Corps Program I hope to help address these imbalances in underserved communities in various ways.
One of the issues that the United States is currently facing is health inequality and disparity among minority groups. Health disparity focuses at the differences in health status between different social groups, gender, race, ethnicity, education, and income. Unfortunately, health disparities are affecting minority groups in society. These groups include African Americans, Hispanics, and American Indians/Alaska Natives. For people in these racial/ethnic minority populations, health disparities can mean lower life expectancy, and loss of economic opportunities.
The healthcare sector is a dynamic field that constantly experiences new challenges requiring healthcare providers’ attention. One such challenge is the issue of health disparities, which refers to differences in health outcomes between different populations or groups. Health disparities are mainly caused by social determinants of health such as poverty, discrimination, and limited access to health care services. As a health care provider, I find health disparities essential to providing quality care because of their significance in improving health outcomes for all individuals regardless of their social status. As a healthcare provider, I am interested in mental health and health disparities because they impact individuals' health and well-being.
Today about one in three children in the United States are obese, and is the number one cause of death in America. Childhood obesity is now more concerning to people than drug abuse and smoking. Obesity not only has disgusting physical effects, it also will have negative changes to a person’s personality. Even though many people are aware of the problems obesity brings, there still has been at least a 50% increase in obese people since 1980. Obesity will cause extreme health problems and possibly death if people don’t change their diets, activity levels, or emotional needs towards food.
Over the past generation obesity has become a major health issue. The term obesity is best describe as someone having a body mass index (BMI) equal to or above the 95th percentile. Within both genders of African American children and adolescent obesity has increased tremendously. Obesity can contribute too many chronic illnesses down the line if left untreated such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, asthma, and type 2 diabetes (Coreil, 2009). Studies have reported that within low income communities 1 out of 3 children are considered as overweight or obese (Ogden et al., 2010).
The Appalachian cultural group has faced many adversities related to low levels of education, poverty and health issues. In the following discussion, the Appalachian disparities will be examined and how these inequalities affect their health status, employment and education. Finally, two nursing interventions will be addressed to decrease the health disparities and the biggest nursing challenge that occurs when implementing these nursing interventions. There is a fairly large Appalachian population in Ohio and the Appalachia region extends crossing thirteen states within the United States. According to Giger & Davidhizar (2013), nine of the states have a large Appalachian culture with high rates of poverty, unemployment and low income.
The Affordable Care Act has shifted focus on health and wellness of patient populations urging hospitals to do a community needs assessment and come up with a strategy to address these needs. Hospitals most often partner with community and professional organizations to address the health need (Stempniak, 2014). This is an example of how the four spheres are all interrelated. Nurses are at the heart of this movement, providing the necessary skills, experience and expertise to address the needs of the population being served (Shamian,
1. What does the term health disparities mean? Health disparities are preventable differences in the burden of disease, injury, violence, or opportunities to achieve optimal health that are experienced by socially disadvantaged populations. Populations can be defined by factors such as race, ethnicity, gender, education, or income, disability, geographic location orientation.