ABSTRACT Chronic kidney disease refers to the kidneys have been damaged by conditions, such as diabetes, glomerulonephritis or high blood pressure. Kidney disease also makes more possible to mature heart and blood vessel disease. These problems may happen gently on long period of time, often without any symptoms. It may eventually lead to kidney failure requiring dialysis or a kidney transplant to preserve survival time. So the primary detection and treatment can prevent or deferral of these complications.
Further progress, including anti–T cell antibodies ( monoclonal and polyclonal ), and other maintenance immunosuppressants , have made a significant impact on both patient and graft survival. Currently, 1-year patient and graft survival rates overpass 90% in most of the transplantations Advantages of Kidney transplantation versus Dialysis : Patients with ESRD can be treated either by Dialysis (Hemodialysis of Peritoneal Dialysis) or by Kidney Transplantation. Hemodialysis and Peritoneal dialysis are associated with many dietary restrictions for the patients (restriction of fluids, Potassium and Phosphate containing foods, many visits to the dialysis center (that is true for hemodialysis) and an inferior quality of Life. There are consequently more limitations for their jobs and many patients either lose their jobs or miss many working days. Kidney transplantations can offer better quality and life expectancy compared to dialysis.
Dialysis may extend his life for a couple of weeks, but the patient would still remain semi-conscious. The treating physician decides not to put him on dialysis him on the grounds that it is useless, and the patient dies soon. Later, family members find from friends that dialysis could have prolonged the life of the patient, but this have not even
We need to know that kidney transplant is one of the most safe transplants but looking at that risks we also can see that the things that can go bad are a lot but we need to think that in year there are a lot of kidney transplants that go well so the best thing is to try for it. How much costs a kidney transplant? The kidney transplant costs in Spain 39000 euros and is the cheaper transplant in all the country. But at United States because of all the people that have to wait until they have their new kidney there are like creating a market but not a black market because a Nobel winner said two months ago that it would be a good idea to do
The kidneys are vital organs for maintaining a stable internal environment .The kidneys have many functions, including regulating the acid–base and fluid–electrolyte balances of the body by filtering blood, selectively reabsorbing water and electrolytes, and excreting urine. In addition, the kidneys excrete metabolic waste products, including urea, creatinine, and uric acid, as well as foreign chemicals. Apart from these regulatory and excretory functions, the kidneys have a vital endocrine function, secreting renin, the active form of vitamin D, and erythropoietin. These hormones are important in maintaining blood pressure, calcium metabolism, and the synthesis of erythrocytes. Renal failure is a process that expresses a loss
There are many organs which can be transplanted and one of the most commonly transplanted organs are the kidneys. One of the treatment methods used for kidney diseases is dialysis. James Stacey Taylor states that citizens spent an astonishing $29 billion on treatment of kidneys using dialysis, which is 7% of all the Medicare’s budget. Fantastically, only 2.5 percent of this $29 billion was spent on procuring and transplanting kidneys (Taylor 2012). This data clearly illustrates that transplantation is far less expensive and significantly more valuable than dialysis.
Patients are dying every day because we don’t have enough organs to go around (Atala).” With the proper funding, thousands of people would have the possibility of a better quality of life. If stem cell kidney transplantation research was properly funded, thousands of people could escape
Early use of conservative therapy helps in slowing the progress of renal disease. Dialysis and transplantation are the treatment of choice if serum creatinine level are consistently above 8mg/dl. The use of chronic dialysis reduces the severity and complications of disease. Over the past 30 yrs, dialysis has prolonged the lives of thousands of patient with renal insufficiency. Unfortunately even optimal dialysis therapy is not panacea, because some disturbances resulting from impaired renal
I was working as a fire guard officer when I was by chance posted to a dialysis center. There, I saw patients walking in and out of the dialysis center unaccompanied with smiles on their faces after their session. This was in sharp contrast to what I knew in Nigeria. Someone must go with the patient to run errands and give physical support to the patient post dialysis. Patients are often very tired and unable to walk without physical support after undergoing dialysis.