Essay On Modernity

1753 Words8 Pages
To rank Jürgen Habermas’ idea on ‘project of modernity’ against Jean-François Lyotard’s postmodern critique is a dilemma because both have convincing and substantial arguments to justify their beliefs respectively. While Habermas considered bringing together art and life imperative so that the project on modernity can continue to flourish, Lyotard reckoned the importance of change – separating art from life as the contemporary world is too diverse to be represented in art. The essence of Habermas’ argument “modernity as an incomplete project” (d'Entrèves and Benhabib 38) lies on the fact that he recognized the need to ‘preserve’ and continue the project on modernity. Habermas realized aestheticism, or ‘art for art’s sake’, had led to a situation where art can no longer be understood by people and cannot explain its presence in the modern world. The remedy for art’s positioning in the modern world, as Habermas reckoned, was to continue with the project. For Lyotard, ‘change’ is key. Art’s only way out is that it distances itself from everyday life, if not creating a clear…show more content…
One possible solution is that it learned from past experiences from the failure of the excessively pretentious exhibition. Modern culture and art should have an association so that art can defend its existence. For Lyotard, the world is so diversed and fragmented that art cannot possibly claim the knowledge that Habermas suggested. Though it is not easy for the linkages between modern culture and everyday life be established, it is optimistic to have such a thought than to concur with Lyotard’s view that we have to reclaim our position despite we are in a midst of chaos. Both theories do not fight nor compete with one another. Instead, they encourage a meeting of minds and open up a dialogue in the study of modernism and
Open Document