Essay On Pressure Ulcer

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INTRODUCTION Pressure ulcers are a serious and common problem for older individuals, affecting nearly 1 million adults in the United States. As the population ages, pressure ulcers will remain as a major health care problem. Generally, a pressure ulcer can be defined as any injury caused by unrelieved pressure that results in damage to underlying soft tissue when the tissue is compressed between a bony prominence and external surface over an extended period of time. With aging, local blood supply to the skin reduces, epithelial layers flatten and thin, subcutaneous fat decreases, and collagen fibers lose elasticity. These changes in aging skin and the resultant dropped easiness to hypoxia may develop pressure ulcer growth in older persons.…show more content…
“Normally, the affected tissue overlies a bony projection that has been subjected to prolonged pressure against an object such as a bed, cast, or splint. If the pressure is relieved in a few hours, redness occurs but no lasting tissue damage results. Blistering of the affected area may indicate superficial damage. Continued pressure causes tissue ulceration. Small breaks in the epidermis become infected and the sensitive subcutaneous layer and deeper tissues are damaged. Eventually, the tissue dies. Pressure ulcers occur most often in disabled patients. With appropriate care, pressure ulcers are avoidable, but they can progress very quickly in patients who are very old or very ill.” (Tortora, 2011) “Pressure ulcer disease signifies a serious medical problem. Roughly, 500,000 new cases are reported each year in the United States alone. Interestingly, those at the highest risk of having a pressure ulcer disease are those generations born around the middle of the 20th century. Patients that do not get any treatment for their pressure ulcer diseases will suffer serious complications.” (Lyder,

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