Received Pronunciation, also known as RP, is considered to be the standard English in the United Kingdom, but only 3% of the people in Britain actually speak Received Pronunciation. The most famous speakers of Received Pronunciation are: The Royal British Family and David Cameron, The old Prime Minister of the UK. Posh Posh is an accent only spoken by people in the Upper class. To give you an insight, here are some words only people with a posh accent will use: Pip Pip, which is a posh way of saying goodbye; Poppycock, means nonsense; Spiffing, is a posh way of saying excellent; Beastly, is a posh way of saying that something is very unpleasant; Jolly, is a word to make things sound more British English, for example: We’re having a jolly good
Thus, the Southern Welsh accent might be attempted to be represented there. For example, the position of the lips is usually held a little bit forward which leads to the words being pronounced in a pursed manner, as in the sentence I wonder where fat is /ˈaɪ ˈwʌn.də weə ˈfæt ˌɪz/ (13:35). Additionally, the musicality of the speech is quite intensive there with the voice pitch varying from a low to the high one very often. In the last example, the stress in the sentence is put on the next-to-last word /ˈfæt/ and this word is pronounced with an emphasis and the rising tone, with the pitch moving from low to high position, as in ↗fæt. Even more, the same intonation is seen in a such example as I was planning on going to see one of Graham’s talks tonight /ˈaɪ wəz ˈplæn.ɪŋ ˌɒn ˈgəʊ.ɪŋ tə ˈsiː wʌn əv ˈɡreɪəmz ↗‘tɔːks təˈnaɪt/
In the 17 and the 18th century there were many grammarians who made many books that was considered as a dictionaries. The early modern period was a time of great change for the English language. The number of words doubled between 1500 and 1650 for the English speakers. Many of the words were borrowed into English from the Latin or Greek of the Renaissance or from countries visited by travellers and it seemed hard to understand these new words to many of the population. Although there were many books that were considered as English dictionaries, it was Samuel Johnson dictionary that set the standards for the English language.
The combinations from Norse, Norman French and Gaelic create a diverse patchwork of regional language. However, the interaction of regional dialects and English yield to a Scottish-English continuum (MacKenzie, 2013). Scots is used to emphasize the political and cultural identification and social stratification. Linguistic convergence with Received Pronunciation English is viewed as a sign of education and middle to upper-class
Dialect is the language used by specific regions, class and social groups. It involves grammar and spelling. In comparison, accent is the way in which we pronounce words, the differences in vowels and consonant sounds, syllabic stress. Considering this, I rewrote a spoken narrative from ‘Humans of New York’ in a Yorkshire accent and dialect. Using words such as ‘gallack’ instead of saying ‘when we left’, relating to the dialect of Yorkshire, and rewriting words such as ‘theear’ instead of ‘there’ to exaggerate the Yorkshire accent.
WHAT THEN IS RP? The term ‘Received Pronunciation (RP)’ was used by Daniel Jones in his English Pronouncing Dictionary and The Outline of English Phonetics to describe the standard British English pronunciation. Between the 1920s and the 1960s, the term wielded influence and was adopted in many other works seeking to describe an accent of that status. However, the claim has been consistently made that only 3% of the population of Britain use this accent (Crystal, 1995:365; Milroy and Milroy, 2012:151), suggesting that even in its native home, RP has limited accessibility. Surprisingly, this is the accent after which many African Englishes are modeled.
The Oxford dictionary gives the following
This is why Royal English society in London has banned discussion on this topic after 19th century out the fear that none of the arguments have any scientific basis and it would be waste of time. REOPENING RESAERCH ON HOW LANGUAGES BEGIN: After the banishment in 1976 the New Academy of sciences reopened this topic by conducting a multidisciplinary conference. That year is considered as the starting point for modern research on origin of language. This time not only linguistics have started the research on origin of languages but also biologists, evolutionists have also participated in this. One exciting source of evidence has emerged in recent times that is a mutation gene called FOXP2 has been shown to lead to deficits in language as well as control of face and mouth.
They conducted a comparative study and investigated the relations among WTC, communication apprehension, communication competence, and introversion in these countries. They found that the degree of WTC, communication apprehension, communication competence, and introversion differed among countries as well as the degree of relations among these variables. While American students were found to be more willing to communicate, Micronesian students were least willing. The Swedish students were reported to have the highest perceived language competence, while Micronesian students have the lowest. Similarly, the difference between Swedish and Micronesian students in terms of the association between WTC and perceived language competence was quite high.