Should Employers Require Genetic Screening for Hiring? In the past couple of years, the controversy over genetic testing of employees has risen dramatically. In 2008, the Genetic Information Discrimination Act, or GINA, was created as genetic testing became more inexpensive and readily available. “GINA, as a rule, bars employers from insisting on genetic testing of their workers, except if that testing is offered as part of a wellness program and is voluntary on the part of the worker” (Mangan). As time has passed, more and more employers have begun ignoring this law. Genetic screening of future employees should not occur as the hiring process becomes discriminatory, the genetic results aren’t entirely conclusive, and the results can bring an emotional toll on the individual. Choosing to not hire someone based upon their genetic profile is considered discrimination. Genes are fixed characteristics that cannot be changed, just like race or ethnic heritage. The hiree doesn't have any choice in his/her family traits. The discrimination hits races as well. Certain genetic traits are more common in certain races. For example, 1 in 12 African Americans have a sickle cell allele, but only 1 in 1,000 Caucasians do (Andre and …show more content…
According to the Mayo Clinic, “If you were having gene testing to determine if you might develop a certain disease, a positive test doesn't necessarily mean you will get that disorder” (“Genetic Testing Results”). While a positive result leans towards an increased likelihood, many other factors will be added into the chances. Sometimes the tests even project the wrong allele. “In a study in which researchers gave nine labs a genetic variant and asked them to analyze it, the labs gave different answers 22% of the time” (Schumaker). The tests work well enough to get a basis for a talk with a doctor, but alone the tests only tell what could
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I agree. In some cases, knowing that you have a mutation and will be affected with the disease could be very emotional for an individual. One never knows how they will respond to the result and pretesting counseling may not fully prepare the individual for the result. One question that has been raised is should genetic counseling be allowed for diseases that are not treatable? It is thought that if an individual knows they will develop a condition that has no treatment it could cause psychological harm, stigmatization, and possible discrimination.
There is American Indian or Alaska Native. Black or African American. Asian, such as Japanese, Korean, Chinese, and of course, Vietnamese. Discrimination is widely known in these areas of the world. Discrimination is the unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people or things, especially on the grounds of race, age, or sex.
This discrimination relates back to the Jim Crow laws that discriminated against people of color from the 1870s to the 1950s. It feels as if each time some stride is made for equality amongst the races, there is backlash towards the communities of color due to the white
DNA was the only thing that contributed to a little girl's death one friday night, when she collapsed from a heart attack suddenly. The doctor said it was simply in her genes, but what does that really mean? Certain mutations and differences can transpire in someone's genes which causes particular genetic diseases and variances to occur. By taking samples of a person's DNA, which is what our genes consist of, doctors can determine mutations in genes that can impact specific traits and illnesses. While this is very intriguing to me, I wanted to understand how accurate genetic testing is, and how it affects people's everyday lives.
Age, disability, pay, genetic information, and harassment are all considered to be part of discrimination. The most common and known types include religion, race, and gender. There are many different ways that someone’s life can be impacted in an adverse way because of who they are, and who can be themselves in a world where they are constantly being treated differently? Millions of people, all different races and religions, have been judged based on skin color and what they believe in. Starting in Berlin, Germany,
Racial discrimination affects us all because the day comes when one is left alone and meets other people who are not the same complection. I can recall my experience here at the University of Belize. I was taking English on a summer and most of my classmates were blacks and only about 3 of us were Hispanics and I can tell you that by the way those black students (especially the girls) looked at me, I could feel the difference between us and it was horrible. Hence, racial discrimination is not only affecting other countries but it is also affecting our very own Jewel.
Genetic engineering in the movie Gattaca has caused discrimination that put negative effects on society because he was not etiquette to work due to his heart condition. I think it is not fair that Vincent has the skills, knowledge, and effort for the job. But was not given the position because he is not genetically engineered. In Galatians 3:28 “There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is no male and female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus.” This verse supports how there is no difference between men, women, or anyone because we are all equally accepted through faith.
If the United States could expand the protections against discrimination to include race, religion, sex, age, and disability than why can’t there be a protection for appearance. Just because someone is not considered to be pretty and have weight issues doesn’t mean that someone shouldn’t be able to get a job or in other cases be fired because they weren’t the same as they appeared before they was hired. According to Rhode, “Appearance matters, but the price of prejudice can be steeper than we often assume” (Paragraph 2). For example, say if someone was overweight and was applying to work at the fitness center. One would get denied the job because he or she is not shape right to have that type of job that he or she was applying for.
Another way people are being discriminated is by their shape. Dehorah L. Rhode states that, “ a
Several studies described a consistent increased frequency of depression or depressive symptoms among adults who perceived racial discrimination. There were no significant differences found for major depression or depressive symptoms according to skin color. The adolescents who reported racial discrimination were more likely to have major depression despite age, sex, or socioeconomic status. Discrimination is an everyday occurrence. It is plausible that discrimination may affect health depending on the frequency and intensity.
Discrimination is a social view used to categorize the differences among different population groups based on perception. People can become a victim of prejudice attacks based on their ethnicity, race, and gender. Racism is the common form of discrimination, where certain groups within a target population are devalued. Minority groups are the victim of racism, where they are seen to have inferior social status based on one’s beliefs. Because of racism, people of color and people living in underserved communities do not receive quality resources and fair rights.