As a product of the Revolutions of 1848, European sentiment towards Nationalism grew extensively among the middle and lower classes. European ethnic groups and nations desired a self-determined state that represented their group and culture. As a result, both Germany and Italy would experience unification movements within several decades. By 1871, the Italian states would be unified under the Italian tricolour flag; and in the same year, the German states would become integrated into Germany under Wilhelm I of Prussia. Nationalism is both a political and social system in which the nation-state is of utmost importance -- in which nation-states act in their own self-interest and are of full sovereignty.
During the Versailles Peace Conference of 1919, the Allied Powers charged Germany with the primary responsibility of starting WW1. Germany, at the time of WW1, contributed to many events that propelled the war. The country was allied with Austria-Hungary which caused them to support Austria-Hungary when they waged war on Serbia. Tensions were growing between Germany and France because of Germany’s victory at the Franco-Prussian war. These tensions caused Germany’s war against France and Russia.
Nationalism is something that stimulate people to love, respect and proud in their nation such as language that related to nationalism among people by history, culture or face the problem together. Later on nationalism was found in every nation when national felt like their nation were threaten by other nation or same nation so they will gather together and this is called “Nationalism”. There were two kinds of nationalism in 19th century Europe are people wanted their independent and the power nation needed to dominate other country such as nationalism of Serbian and nationalism of German. “Nationalism means being a strong supporter of the rights and interests of one 's country.” According this quote related to meaning of nationalism because nationalism defined as a group or nation who love in their culture, belief in their traditional, language, and especially is their independence or people who wanted to control others country.
Napoleon Bonaparte is considered by many to be the most polarizing and influential figure of the 18th and 19th centuries. The influence of Napoleon was not also felt domestically in France, but also affected Europe as a continent. He instituted many reforms into France’s culture, such as the Napoleonic Code and advances to French education. These developments showed him to be both a liberal and a conservative during his tenure.
The efforts of nationalism, imperialism and militarism was the instant result of World War I. The feelings of nationalism were high and were especially strong against Austria- Hungary which had seeked to seize constriction of land in the unstable Balkans in southeastern Europe. Also, imperialism created tension within Europe.” Militarism indicated increase in military expenses and naval forces, more of the military men upon the policies of civilian government, and a preference for force as a solution to issues” ( u.arizona.edu).
The Great Powers consisted of Britain, Austria, Prussia, and Russia, although eventually France joined later. The most influential leader of the Congress of Vienna was Austrian Empire’s Foreign Minister, Prince Klemins Von Metternich. He believed in reinstating a balance of power, and restoring Europe’s royal families to the throne so order can be created in the form of a monarchy. . He accomplished his first goal (wanting to prevent future French aggression by surrounding France with strong countries) by making the countries around France stronger (the Austrian Netherlands and Dutch Republic united to form the Kingdom of the Netherlands; thirty-nine German states were loosely joined to create the German Confederation, which was dominated by Austria; Switzerland became an independent state; and the Kingdom of Sardinia was strengthened by annexing Genoa). Metternich’s second goal (wanting to restore a balance of power) was
As I explained, people want more power and started wars with other countries. Napoleon, who helped the development of Nationalism, gave people a voice to keep the idea of a nation, so they supported the country and to conquer other countries in Europe. Napoleon was a successful leader and conquered many countries, but his ideas of nationalism also worked against him, because other countries also developed Nationalism, which caused wars and battles. Bibliography:
While, imperialistic dynasties in Europe struggled to hold on to their waning empires across the globe due to the rise of ideas like nationalism. America was still able to participate in this same imperial structure, and expand its borders, but also look to other social and political movements for legitimacy . The United States made sure there was a difference between its god given right of expansion versus european imperialism. “The distinction they drew between their own “empire of liberty” and contemporary weren’t always concrete.” This quote further exemplifies that the true identity behind Manifest Destiny as Americanized imperialism.
Imperialism is the economic and political domination of a strong nation over a weaker nation. New imperialism was motivated by the second Industrial Revolution and by the competition in Europe, as many nations wanted to be viewed as powerful. New imperialism focused on trade in Africa and Asia. Europe had economic interest and needed raw materials for factories. This lead to the Europeans to force colonies to send all their raw materials back to them.
The Treaty of Versailles is one of the main reasons Hitler rose to power. It saw Germany face territorial losses, reparations of the damaged, which were caused by the war, and is known to be the blame for starting World War I. It provided a rich material for Hitler to use to gain support of the people.
The Civil War, 1861-1865, ended up being so calamitous, with the United States leading up to becoming a World Power in the 20th century. There was a collapse in industrialization, initiating the courage and hope of the Americans. The U.S tried to become this world power by attempting to first make their military stronger, offering trades with different countries, by joining different territories as well as buying different ones; they did whatever they had to do in order to become a world power. Setting up markets for raw material, as well as, keeping the inferior people well acquainted is what the imperialists insisted on building the economy. In addition, they felt as though our military force was not strong enough to overcome the obstacles
Within the 1800’s European Explorers forced their way through the insides of western and central Africa. Along the west coast of Africa, European nations traded for slaves, ivory, and gold. Africa was under full assault by the 1800s, as European nations competed with one another for control of the continent. Europe wanted to imperialism (take over) Africa and the forces (what they did) that helped them succeed is the new technology, Nationalism, and lastly the most important industrialism. Europeans invented many different things in order to help them take control of Africa.
The fall of Rome had very little impact on the lives of the common people in western Europe. Peter Heather makes this clear in his documentary “The Fall of Rome.” During the fall of Rome, there were many issues that were present in Rome. The lower class was treated near the same. There were massive inequality, militarism, and the dark ages during the fall of Rome.
Nationalism and Overconfidence in WWI The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand on June 28, 1914 marked the beginning of a turbulent four years of global-scale warfare (Dutton 698). However, the assassination was not the sole motive for the beginning of World War I and there were, in fact, a myriad of underlying issues that exacerbated the situation. Alliances made between countries served to complicate things and made many countries feel obligated to participate.
The Roman Empire suffered many problems in its final years. There is more than one reason. A good reason why Rome fell is political corruption. The Romans couldn’t decide on how to choose an effective ruler. The Romans decided to give the position of the emperor to the highest bidder.