When beginning this course, I had little knowledge of the depth of diversity found in our world today. I lived in a small town, which acted as a shelter from the harsh realities faced by many ethnicities, but also prevented me from experiencing cultural diversity. With my lack of background knowledge concerning diversity, I would say that my level of cultural competence was nearly non-existent. I had never been exposed to any ethnicities, other than my own, until moving to college. It wasn’t until moving away to college that I realized how naïve I was concerning the diversity of our nation. While learning of cultural competence I became aware of all I still needed to learn and experience if I were to become an ethical social worker.
One of the most integral parts of cultural competency is the process of successfully becoming culturally competent. After synthesizing available research on the topic I have constructed four main steps in becoming culturally competent. Those include self-awareness, understanding various aspects of the culturally diverse population for whom you care for, practice evidence based medicine as it relates to culturally diverse populations and continuing education (Kodjo, 2009; Purnell, 2012).
The issues that have caused disadvantage to ATSI culture include higher rates of infant mortality, poor health, low levels of educations and employment. These disadvantages have formed many gaps among Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians that need to be readily fixed. Infant Mortality Infant mortality is defined by “the deaths of children less than one year of age” (Australian Bureau of Statistics, ABS, 2012). Evidence supported by Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW, 2011) suggest that “the life expectancy of ATSI children is double compared with their non-Indigenous counterparts (6.2 deaths per 1000 births ATSI children; 3.7 deaths per 1000 births non-Indigenous
Families, children and young people have the right to live free from abuse, harm and neglect. If harm or abuse is suspected or alleged the child or young person has the right to be listened to, to be respected and to kept informed and be involved (where appropriate) in any decision making. â€ ̃Anyone working with children should see and speak to the child; listen to what they say; take their views seriously; and work with them collaboratively when deciding how to support their needs.â€TM (Working Together to Safeguard Children) The Children Act 1989 requires that local authorities give due regard to a childâ€TMs wishes when determining what services to provide.
Cultural competency: Indians Culture competency is defined as one has the knowledge, the abilities and the skill to deliver care congruent with the patient’s cultural beliefs and practices (Purnell, 2013). As a nurse or a health care provider, increasing ones consciousness of culture diversity improves the possibilities for health care practitioners to provide competent care (Purnell, 2013). Nurses and all health care providers should be aware of other cultures to provide the best care that they can for that individual. Developing a relationship with diverse cultural groups involves good interpersonal skills and the application of knowledge and techniques learned from the physical, biological, and social sciences as well as the humanities (Purnell, 2013). I am choosing to select the Indian culture for my first assignment.
One of the categories is “Children and youth”. The goal of this category is “Work with Aboriginal communities and organizations to provide meaningful support to Aboriginal children and youth on-and off-reserve and use resources effectively” (Aboriginal Affairs, 2005). Some of the strategies for this are to promote physical development, and promote healthy habits, support children with disabilities and give children support they may need to make good life choices (Aboriginal Affairs, 2005). A program that has already done something is in this category AHWS (aboriginal healing and wellness strategy) funding is given to the Nishnawbe Aski Nation to help people learn about youth suicide and how to identify some prevention strategies (Aboriginal Affairs, 2005). Another category is “Aboriginal Education”.
As a result of colonisation Aboriginal peoples today still face or deal with issues such as ‘stolen generation’, loss of land and culture, poor health and life expectancy and deaths in custody. As an educator, I would continue to increase knowledge to enrich all children’s development in the area of cultural awareness by developing programs that support an understanding in the below major events: o The tent Embassy o National Apology Day o National Sorry Day o Mabo Day o NAIDOC I would also involving children and their families to reflect on their own experiences and creating learning opportunities through games and resources within the centre. Another important element is to access resources from organisations such as local land councils, Aboriginal cultural and community
A. 1. Partnerships with families and communities support shared responsibility for children’s learning, development, and wellbeing. – I believe this is a breach of the code because knowing that children can understand this sort of negativity can cause them to have set backs which would not honour the parent’s wishes or the child’s development. 2. Respectful, responsive, and reciprocal relationships are central to children’s education.
Lord Laming produced a report called Every Child Matters which should ensure that each child should have their basic needs met i.e. food, water, warmth, be loved, feel safe respected and able to reach their full potential. The report has 5 outcomes: â€¢ being healthy: enjoying good physical and mental health and living a healthy lifestyle â€¢ staying safe: being protected from harm and neglect â€¢ enjoying and achieving: getting the most out of life and developing the skills for adulthood â€¢ making a positive contribution: being involved with the community and society and not engaging in anti-social or offending behaviour â€¢ Economic well-being: not being prevented by economic disadvantage from achieving their full potential in life. The needs and views of the child must not go un-noticed by putting the needs of the adult first. The wishes and feelings of the child should be a priority.
This experience ensures that all children get opportunities with the rich and long history of Aboriginal and Torres Strait islander cultures which helps them to broaden their understanding of the world in which they live in (DEEWR, 2009)
Cultural safety is about helping to create an environment that respects Aboriginal/Torre 's strait islander 's cultures and therefore encourages positive cultural identity. The ability to help create a safe environment free from racism, violence or stereotypes is crucial in helping Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people thrive. It is important to recognize the disadvantages and imbalances these people face, especially in health and social situations, which is why sometimes Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people need to be treated differently to non-indigenous people in order to be treated
How would you Develop Cultural Competency as a Social Worker? “As a social worker, your aim should be to advance social justice, equality and to end discrimination. One of your most important goals should be, to be the voice of your client’s, in order to make sure that their rights are not violated and they are treated with dignity and respect. Learning to deal with how and what types of social issues regarding injustices exist, will help when we are dealing with real life discrimination and inequality that occurs and may be affecting our clients. By understanding and identifying social injustice and inequality, we can offset mechanisms of oppression and how they work.” (Perry and Tate Manning, 2006)
Listening to children The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child shows a child’s right to his or her own views in all matters and the right to the freedom of expression. This includes the right to receive and be part of information about themselves. All people around children need to make sure that rights are upheld and matters affecting children are looked after. Children can experience worries at home, at school or with their peers and children need to talk about their issues. Parents, professionals and practitioners need to pay attention not only to what children say, but also what they are saying.
As a professional, it is my personal responsibility to help cultivate the community that they live in. Children are the future and I believe that interventions and social programs will award all children the best opportunity to flourish. My personal experiences in aiding the vulnerable population have served as a basis for growth and preparation. It has been shown evident in my life