Visible withdrawal symptoms tend to manifest themselves for introverted individuals placed in group setting or discussion. Finding myself in a group, I often lacked confidence, and my contribution levels and opinion were petite since I feared judgment from others. On the contrary, extroverted individuals tend to thrive in this region, when encountered in such situations they feel obligated to express themselves and their
Relationships are formed through communication. However, there are instances when communication becomes complex and multifaceted, which is believed to be part of its nature. At some point, there are several instances wherein a simple miscommunication and misunderstanding can heavily bring down a relationship or complicates everything. This does not solely account for communication and its nature alone, as there are also several factors that can hinder effective communication, such as the simple noise. Moreover, the point of the matter is that communication plays a vital part for people from different cultures, personalities or race to get to know each other.
And as a result, often grasp a sort of contrast between the language of the mother culture and the language they decided (or had) to acquire. To begin, identity is one of the most fundamental parts of what we are as human beings. Another fundamental part of who we are as human beings is our culture – following alongside this is language. To be able to communicate is vital to the survival of humanity and being able to communicate cross-culturally is a highly valued skill (Heller, 2000), however being bilingual is oftentimes shrouded with misconceptions - like being able to perform equally well in both languages (Kanno, 2000). Ultimately, this may cause a cognitive difference in which the bilingual may struggle to place themselves.
Politeness is a hard concept to define, but in the opinion of many scholars such as Leech (1983), Brown and Levinson (1987) and Terkourafi (2004) constitutes one of the most important aspects of human interpersonal communication. In order to at least generally explain how politeness works and how it is achieved in interaction, Geoffrey Leech, in 1983, proposed his Principle of Politeness (PP from now on). Leech takes as his point of departure Grice’s Cooperative Principle and its maxims, and considers them useful when it comes to figuring out the difference between the sense and the force of an utterance, but ineffectual at the level of understanding why people employ politeness when communicating . In general, Leech claims, people tend to make confusion between what he calls “relative politeness” and “absolute politeness”. Moreover, he observes, politeness is culturally bounded as every culture possesses its own concept and degrees of politeness in language use.
(Lustig, Koester, & Halualani, 2017) Being sensitive to the different nonverbal codes is important in intercultural competence. Lack of awareness to a culture’s nonverbal codes may cause miscommunication. To increase one’s intercultural competence, they must “be alert to emotional reactions to nonverbal messages, be tentative in interpretations of nonverbal messages, and practice to improve the ability in observing, evaluating, and behaving appropriately and effectively.” (Lustig, Koester, & Halualani, 2017)
methods of greeting people), some other differences are learned subconsciously (e.g. methods of problem solving). The building of cultural awareness may not be an easy task, but once accomplished, it definitely helps a job done efficiently in a foreign environment. Discussions and reading about
Chen and Sarasota (1999) define “intercultural communication competence” as “the ability to effectively and appropriately execute communication behaviors that negotiate each other’s cultural identity or identities in a culturally diverse environment” (p. 28). They outline three key components of intercultural communication competence: intercultural sensitivity (affective process), intercultural awareness (cognitive process), and intercultural adroitness (behavioral process), defined as verbal and nonverbal skills needed to act effectively in intercultural interactions. Chen and Sarasota (1996) note that effectiveness and appropriateness are two other concepts commonly applied to communication competence. Wiseman (2001) suggests that intercultural communication competence is comprised of knowledge, skills, and motivation needed to interact effectively and appropriately with persons from different cultures. In this definition, motivation is a unique element not included in some of the other definitions of intercultural competence and is further defined as “the set of feelings, intentions, needs and drives associated with the anticipation of or actual engagement in intercultural communication” (p. 4).Kim (1992) in utilizing a systems-theory approach to examine intercultural communication competence, defines this construct in terms of one’s “adaptive capacity” comprised of cognitive (“sense-making”), affective (including emotional and aesthetic tendencies, motivational and
Conflict can result with misunderstanding, judgments and misconceptions that can hinder the process and reduce efficiency (Hogan, 2007). Other studies by Cox & Blake have also identified cross communication problems that occur in international environments. On the other hand, some scholars have studied the positive impact of diversity on the quality of work. 1. Cross cultural conflict, communication, and communication problems Hogan anticipated challenges and difficulties of working in a culturally diverse group.
In such cases, an effective communication strategy begins with the understanding that the one who is sending the message and the one who is receiving the message are from different cultures and backgrounds. this would for sure risen up the level of uncertainty in the society and also risen up the level of complexity of the society. Without getting into the detailed and deeper parts of cultures which are the sub-cultures, it is probably the most important thing for people to have that basic understanding of cultural diversity which can be the key to effective cross-cultural communications. Without necessarily studying individual cultures and languages in detail, we must all learn how to better communicate with individuals and groups whose first language, or language of choice, does not match our own. Develop the right kind of behavior While many companies now offer training
Global Citizenship is a powerful idea that is based on self’ understanding in relation to others. Whereas cultural plays an important role to understand others. It means cultural understanding is significant to know about others. This can be possible through learning others languages. The Global citizenship is an abstract concept yet it is powerful notion that describes a way of thinking, acting,