If we focus on the given world situation from past hundred years. It is no surprise why political scientist and philosophers have paid and continuously paying increasing attention on this particular topic. The very word nation has meant different thing to different people from time to time. Questions like, what counts as nation? Is it something which we should define it by language?
The struggle between insiders and outsiders has been a central thread in American history. One could point out that it stems from the history of the Americas as a place where a man could win power, wealth, and glory, even if he had to steal it from someone. The United States is also rare as one of the first places where a rebellion actually worked. Outsiders rising up to try to improve their lot in life has been common. But they rarely if ever worked.
The 19th century was an era of unbridled Imperial expansion with European colonies established all over the world. In the last quarter of the 19th century there were a number of wars and expeditions that saw the creation and expansion of colonial empires such as the French expeditions to Vietnam, Tunisia and Morocco, the conquest of the Congo by the Belgians, British expansion to India, Egypt, Sudan and South Africa and finally German and Italian expansion in Africa. The 19th century was also an era of rapidly accelerating scientific discovery and invention which gave European powers an advantage over native populations. This rapid expansion of European Empires across the globe has lead scholars to explore and consider the the reasons why this occurred.
The american revolution resulted in many inspirations around the world, such as the french revolution in 1789 to go against absolute monarchy. It also helped push the independence movement in america in the early 19th century. It also helped push independence in africa and asia. The revolution resulted in an american victory in 1781.
In 1897, under the guidance of of president’s Willian McKinley, the United States had the victory over the Spanish and American war in 1898. During this time, the American empire invaded Puerto Rico, Guam, Hawaii and the Philippines and became a big American Imperialism in U.S history. The United States decided to make Puerto Rico and Guam became an insular area under the sovereignty of the United States, organized territory but not incorporated in the United States. Hawaii became a parts of the U.S and last Philippines had rules under by the U.S for many years before gave them the right to self-government.
Born out of the heart of many nations, South Africa, a country governed by eleven different languages and more than eleven cultures, faces opposition from those within their own borders. This dissonance consistency between cultures overlapped by geographical borders, which separates people into different countries, has been an argument persisting throughout centuries. The fact of the matter is that Africa, never mind South Africa, functioned based on Ethnic Nationalism, instead of Civic Nationalism like other foreign countries for decades. They only became an organized continent of Civic governed nations after being colonized by the French, British, Spanish, and Portuguese during the start of the 15th century. But, up until that point, African
New Imperialism describes a practice set in motion by the major western powers during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The “New Imperialism” surge that took place in the 1870’s and on through 1905 had come about suddenly due to various factors including many economic, political, and social forces. The European powers, the United States, and the Empire of Japan had somewhat similar circumstances taking place in their own countries, therefore they all had similar reasons to take part in the practice. One major reason for the surge in new imperialism was the economy. This time period was not long after a agricultural revolution, and soon after an industrial revolution.
Nationalism enabled nations to rise to unprecedented heights; in modern days, nationalism weighs down nations, dragging them into a pit of violence and economic decay. Nationalism in a globalized world can and will continue to exist, but its continued presence will only serve to hinder nations, causing unnecessary friction and hostility across the globe. However, As an international community, we must focus on peace and cooperation rather than competition and animosity; our greatest successes—economic, diplomatic, scientific, and otherwise—will be made possible when there will be a balanced approach towards Nationalism and Globalization. As Albert Einstein once argued, "nationalism is an infantile disease. It is the measles of mankind."
Part one Nationalism as we know is the belief, creed or political ideology that involves an individual identifying with, or becoming attached to, one's nation. Nationalism has been said to be one of the most powerful forces in the political world for over 200 years. During the twentieth century the western theory of nationalism spread throughout the globe to the regions of Asia and Africa which rose opposition to colonial rule. In the past 10 years the doctrine of nationalism has spread widely across Scotland, a country that covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain and that has been under the rule of England for more than 300 years. As of September 18th 2014 the vote on whether the Scots would separate (‘’divorce’’) England
According to the spread of imperialism, many empires use military force or coercion to control other countries actively, then to build colonies in other countries. Those practices of empire are so called ‘Imperialism’. Imperialism has become the driving force of many important historical events since ancient time. Before we trying to consider many important global issues, such as globalization, income gap etc. We should have belief understanding to the cause of those issues.