Turkic ruler Saladin united the Muslim armies of South Asia and North Africa and has taken over Jerusalem. Three kings who have joined the crusade have not achieved much due to Emperor Frederick Barbarossa dying and King Phillip II returning to Europe. The lone king, King Richard I, failed to retake the city but instead has taken a deal from Saladin to keep control of the lands north of Jaffa. Pope Innocent III called for a new crusade that is being mostly led by French Knights. We set out for the Holy Lands in 1202 but the Knights became distracted with information by the Venetian lords about the wealth in Constantinople.
This was just the start of the deaths and wars for the many years to come. The Crusades started in 1096 and ended in 1300. The first Crusades achieved their mission in 1099 when they successfully regained control of the Holy Land, The Muslims then vowed to fight back to regain control. After the Crusades won back the territory they would lose it again, but
When William was a young boy he had many obstacles to overcome. When William was eight his father died returning from a pilgrimage of Jerusalem. When his father died William became Duke of Normandy in 1035. When this happened many lords in Normandy didn’t approve of him ruling them in 1040 they tried to kill William the plan failed but Williams guardian ( Gilbert of Brionne) was killed. In 1042 the King knighted William.
This specific situation dealt with “wicked bishop” of Laon and the attempt to take him out of office for his exploitation of the people. In 1106 the seat of the Bishop of Laon, which was vacant for two years, was bought by Gaudri, a Norman who was not looked upon with high regard. An arrogant and somewhat ruthless leader, Gaudri was not liked by the burghers or a good amount common people alike, so when he left for England a “The clergy and knights came to an agreement with the common folk in hopes of enriching themselves in a speedy and easy fashion (Guibert).” The burghers set up a commune and sent money to the king in order to ensure its protection. Upon his arrival back to Laon the bishop was paid off to not object to the commune by the burghers and lived in peace for three years. In 1112 however, things began to change and the Bishop’s greed led him to seek power once more.
The Spanish started out by conquering nations and then tried to convert the Native Americans to Christianity. The French kidnapped 10 Native Americans but then made a long lasting treaty that benefitted them and their Native American allies for years to come. The English were the worst of the bunch, killing their Native American allies and not planting crops that they could actually eat to having one of the most profitable colonies in the Americas and having good relations with their Native
In 328, Athanasius succeeded Alexander as Bishop of Alexandria, and Athanasius immediately showed that he was determined to reject any compromise with regard to the Arian heresy condemned by the council of Nicaea. Unfortunately, Athanasius found that Constantine was not concerned with the theological truth, but with the unity of the empire. His refusal to tolerate the Arian heresy was the cause of many trials and persecutions for St. Athanasius. At least five times between 336 and 366, Athanasius had to abandon his city and spend seventeen years in exile and suffering for the faith. After Athanasius fled, an Arian bishop, George of Cappadocia, was appointed the new bishop of Alexandria.
This in itself is brutal and ruthless, but the additional fact that he chose to do this during Easter week, defined as “the most important and oldest festival of the Christian Church…” is entirely ignorant of religion. Another aspect of Chinggis Khan’s character that sets him apart from other ruthless leaders is his manipulation of other’s minds, by lying. Usually, he left towns unharmed in the case that they chose to surrender without a fight, as long as they payed tribute to their vanquishers as the price for their liberation. In source 11.3, however, Chinggis Khan exacted payment from the richest of the town, before proceeding to kill everybody inside as
As a result of war, especially during the crusades, religious leaders gained more relics, as the knights sacked captured cities. In the Fourth Crusade, Villehardouin tells his readers how "the spoils were so great that no one could tell you how much it amounted to in gold, silver, tableware, precious stones, samite, silk cloth, garments of vair, grey fur and ermine, and all the fine things that were ever found on Earth." As a result, these riches were meant to go to the churches. This is significant, as these items could have been used to encapsulate more relics with gold and precious stones. While Villehardouin does not state everything that was seized, one can guess that the knights would have also sacked churches in Constantinople and discovered additional relics.
(Hutson, “America as a Religious Refuge: The Seventeenth Century”) As I mentioned before, King Phillip II was angered because his ships were being plundered by English men. So he began to assemble his fleet of 130 ships with 30,000 men aboard called the Spanish Armada. England defeated the Spanish Armada which “…ensured England’s naval dominance in the North Atlantic and built their confidence and their ambition in the New World” (“The First English Settlements”). And France on the other hand, was basically bankrupt and disorganized because of the French Revolution. So France’s presence was not as strong as England’s was.
In an incident in June of 1939, the St. Louis ocean liner carrying almost one-thousand jewish passengers seeking refuge in the United States was, “‘turned away from the port of Miami, forcing the ship to return to Europe’” leading to “‘more than a quarter,’” of the passengers dying in the holocaust. Lamentably, two hundred and fifty more deaths occurred; Two hundred and fifty human lives sacrificed, that could have been saved with the simple action of welcoming the desperate into the United States.The reason that the government officials decided not to refuge these people is because of deeply rooted fear. Certain individuals were afraid of spies and in turn, thousands of innocent Jews were rejected, which practically sentenced them to death.Conveying this notion, In 1944, the Treasury Department released a statement by Randolph Paul reading that certain individuals too out, “wilful attempts to prevent action from being taken to rescue Jews from Hitler.” Once fear seeps into the minds of people, their morals become irrelevant. The mistake of allowing this to happen, and in turn affecting thousands of innocent people, is the mistake that humans are obligated to learn
The Crusades The Crusades (1095-1291) were holy wars, or wars for a religious cause, against Muslims and others to drive them off and to regain control of the Holy Land. What started the Crusades were the Seljuk Turks invading and defeating the Byzantine Empire in 1071 at the Battle of Manzikert. After the lose to the Seljuk Turks, the Byzantine Empire was left in chaos and civil war, until General Alexius Comnenus took control of the Byzantine Empire and became emperor in 1081. In 1095, Emperor Alexius I asked Pope Urban II for help against the Turkish threats. Then, at the Council of Clermont in France, Pope Urban II called for Western Christians to begin fighting in order to regain the Holy Land from Muslim control and to help the Byzantines.
Refugees are people who leave their home country in order to seek safety. Over the past several years, terrorist acts against United States, plus the Paris attack, media is labeling terrorism as mulsim.Terrorists attacks affect all of us .we experience sorrow and anger at the loss of life. However, for Muslim there is another layer of grief which is the terrorist label. We become suspicion, we are call terrorist. After the terrorists’ attacks in Paris some states say that they will refuse to take any Muslim refugee from Syria, they will only focus on helping the Christians refugee.
The crusaders led by Prince Edward sailed to Acre to fight the Egyptians after the failure to capture Tunis by Louis IX in the eighth crusade. The Christians captured Nazareth and made the Egyptian sultan agree to a treaty that favoured the Christians. After the truce ended the sultan attacked Acre which ended the crusades. The crusades can be seen as war for religious devotion or a chance for political gain. It was about religious devotion as people fought under Pope Urban || promises for having your sins forgiven.
The fourth crusade started in 1201 CE and ended three years later in 1204. It occurred shortly after the third crusade. In 1203 CE, Alexius IV said, once he was back on his throne, he would pay for the rest of the Crusade. Crusaders took over Constantinople and put him on the throne, but he could not pay the money he had promised, so he tried to pay the money through raising taxes. Then he became so unpopular that he was executed and Alexios Doukas was proclaimed emperor as Alexios V. In 1204, the Crusaders and Venetians attacked Constantinople and sacked the city.
Before the fall of Constantinople in 1453, theological differences between the Muslims and the Christians had made union impossible. Before the battle, violence was the key to win the battle. If any Jihadist were left, it would only mean more Christians would die in the future. Months before the battle, the Venetian captain Marco Antonio Bragadin, surrendered at Famagusta to an overwhelming Turkish invasion