Conceptualizing Racism Throughout Malcolm’s life, he encounters various types of racism that have been instilled into society. The conceptualizing racism aspect includes institutional, individual, and cultural racism. Malcolm experiences all forms of racism as he develops in his life. Institutional racism is a pattern of social institutions that give negative treatment to a group of people based on their race. Individual racism is a practice that reinforces inferiorization based on the beliefs, attitude, and actions of individuals.
1. According to the article, the difference between individual, institutional, and structural racism is: individual racism is examined as a social psychological phenomenon that based on the bias that might be created by different individual’s ideas and beliefs. While institutional racism is “based on a system in which the White majority ‘raises its social position by exploiting, controlling, and keeping down others who are categorized in racial or ethnic terms’” (Silva 1997: 466) The author considered racism as an institutional matter by using the example that the majority of the society might think minorities as colonists who are not belong to this society originally. At last, structural racism is a system regarding to politics, institutional practices, and cultural representation to strengthen the inequalities between different racial groups. 2.
They happen everywhere. Asians, Africans, Americans, Europeans, and other islanders are victims of racism and sexism. Humans judge each other using external factors, like skin color, custom, knowledge, language, place of birth, and more factors. Wars, slavery, the formation of nations and legal codes made humans judgmental. One question arises, what are human rights violation examples can we see in the novel?
The Critical Race Theory’s framework is a tool to assess how structural inequalities and social institutions produce an oppressive and discriminatory environment for minorities in America (Salas et al, 2010). The Theory’s use of critical thinking helps Social Workers understand and identify the target problem, and to examine how people’s history and culture have influenced, or been influenced by, past and current policies that create inequality in America (Suet et al, 2007). It also encourages Social workers to be aware of their distinct privileges, disadvantages, beliefs, values, biases, and stereotypes that they hold, so they can understand how this affects the work that they do with their clients. It is essential to apply all this knowledge
Describe structural racial inequity. Why is it important to consider a structural perspective? How does this relate to the sociological imagination? Structural racial inequity is the concept that people of color have lived and continue to live in the most under-resourced communities as a result of the intersection between numerous policies and institutions. However, these discriminations are often not intentional.
Why does the word prejudice express so much stipulation? Prejudice a ferocious word is profoundly used in terms, when an individual seems intolerant of another race. A Conflict Theorist defines prejudice by examining the existing conditions, and they determine inequalities of different racial and ethnic groups. The viewpoint of a Conflict Theorist on prejudice would be trying to incorporate why people racially discriminate causing prejudice and social divisions. Firstly, a Conflict Theorist would say that prejudice leads individuals to think their race is somehow better than others.
As Baynton discusses disability as a justification for inequality, I view it in the sense of a social concept of disability that sets the platform for discrimination and violence against the minority groups. This concept has been implemented in U.S. history to allow discriminatory practices against the minorities to occur. Basically, women, individuals from different races, and ethnic minorities were labeled as disabled as well to interpret inequality as a positive concept. For example, there was justification for slavery in which African Americans did not have the required intelligence which made them incapable of equality with other Americans. This assumption was ascribed to physical causes and differences that were visible in their race.
Basically racial discrimination is significant social issue in the United States, which framed by long haul social development. It is truly distinctive to tackle by executing of a couple of strategies. An arrangement of approaches on law, livelihood, instruction and wellbeing ought to be elevated to give a more attractive circumstance and environment for various races. Different ways which demonstrates that issue of racism is a humanistic concern is that racism is the point at which you make another person feel excluded from their group or society. This exclusion is generally made when minorities are spoken to as outside and subsequently diverse.
The Interconnection of Social problems I will be discussing the definition and the overlap of punishment, crime, and poverty. The definition of punishment is that it seeks to stop unacceptable, unwanted, and bothersome behaviors. (Hall PS. J. 2013) The definition of race is a group of people perceived as a distinct group on the basis of similarities in physical appearance.
Race-relation is an ongoing American social problem in need of constants study within the discipline of sociology. There are a variety of ways to analyze race relations. Racism is a piece of each part of our lives. Whether it is on the news or through individual experience, we see prejudice surrounding us. It appears like we have basically acknowledged prejudice as a feature of our lives.