Crime rates are more often than not influenced by how they are reported and in most cases, they are not reported, which leads to decline in the rate of crime. The third is the use and evolution of technology which is used by cops to prevent crime and prosecute criminals, for example, the use of CCTV cameras has helped in reduction of crime significantly as the criminals are caught red handed with video evidence. Population aging is another factor that leads to the decline of crime rate in a given society, it refers to the aging of generations. Last but not the least, the essay will be discussing the decline of the sale of drugs, laying most emphasis on cocaine and its impact on the behavior of humans, specifically in North America. The decline in crime rates is basically because of the factors stated above and their simultaneous contribution.
In 2010, the US Congress passed the Fair Sentencing Act (FSA) which reduced the sentencing difference between offenses for crack and powder cocaine. Many people in law enforcement believed that there is more violence associated with a crack cocaine crime, rather than a powder cocaine offense. Due to the increasing amount of reports and cases of aggressive offenses, Urban Leaders in America allowed the sentences of the crime to be extended because of the violence in a drug trafficking offense. In the article, “Data Show Racial Disparity in Crack Sentencing” by Danielle Kurtzleben, states that, “The figures for the 6,020 powder cocaine cases are far less skewed: 17 percent of these offenders were white, 28 percent were black, and 53 percent were
News reporters and media outlets frequently paint a picture that portrays the decrease in crime due to an increase in stop-and-frisk procedures. According to Evans and Williams (2015), those who agree with stop-and-frisk feel that this policy helps police officers to prevent crime from occurring. Many believe that it is drastically decreasing the amount of illegal firearms, therefore making cities safer. However, this is not the case as many often perceive it. According to the New York Civil Liberties Union (2012), on average less than one of every 800 stop-and-frisk scenarios resulted in the confiscation of a firearm.
Crime and the poverty level in the 1960’s were abnormally high, and citizens’ rights were almost unheard of. Gang activity has also been prevalent in years past. Now, the crime, gang, and poverty levels are much lower, citizens have more rights, and people are starting to have a feeling of pride in their community. This is partly due to the police roaming the area at all times. The police seem to be winning the battle on drug trafficking and violent crimes, which encourages citizens with a sense of safety.
Journalists have mentioned about an increase in murder in New York City, and one of the reasons to this is that the city has settled the practice of stop question and frisk because "the department 's stop and frisk tactics were unconstitutional" said the judge Shira A. Scheindlin of Federal District Court. Thanks to proactive police, which in part is the practice of stop and frisk, murders rate went down practically 80 percent and major felonies close to 75 percent from the early 1990 's to 2013
If I had to choose between these two models I will go with Crime Control (CC). The reason for choosing this model is because I believe that the main goal of the criminal justice system in America is to control crime. However, the results of this model have not yet been great, because there is still crime everywhere. Though is not as bad as it seems, because even though crime still exists in America it has been decreasing throughout the past years. According to the Federal Bureau of Investigation website, “the estimated number of violent crimes in 2013 decreased 4.4 percent when compared with 2012 figures, and the estimated number of property crimes decreased 4.1 percent.” On the other hand, if there was a situation where these two models
One year is not enough to scare people into not illegal possessing a handgun. If Chicago can copy New York’s illegal handgun law which carries a three-year sentence for illegal possession of a handgun then it would actually scare some people away from illegally obtaining a handgun thus reducing the amount of murders that they person may have
Not only are there high risk of crime, in a city, there is also a higher car crash rating due to high traffic; traffic that just doesn’t occur in small town areas. “The chance of a car accident for everyone in New York is an accident every 7.3 years,” according to Auto Crashes.com. Considering how big the population is, that adds up to hundreds of car crashes daily. Therefore not only are your young teens safer driving in a smaller town, but so are you, and everyone around you; saving multiple lives. In other words small towns are much safer, crime and traffic wise, than the
Contrary to the common belief, crime has been on the decline for the past three decades. Yet, news and media have been covering crime more than ever, resulting in the public belief that crime is at an all time high. The sharp drop in crime since the early 1990s has left experts curious to discover the reasons for the decrease in crime. As I compare the article Understanding Why Crime Fell in the 1990s: Four Factors that Explain the Decline and Six that Do Not by Steven D. Levitt and the article Evaluating Contemporary Crime Drop(s) in America, New York City, and Many Other Places by Eric P. Baumer and Kevin T. Wolff, I will briefly describe the articles, compare their agreements and disagreements, as well as discuss my personal preferences.
The Criminal Justice system is slowly changing for the better but of course some of the problems are not being taken into consideration as a major issue. The treatment of mentally ill inmates and drug users are being overlooked. The media depicts the major travesties that happen in our criminal justice system when it comes to murder and rape but the treatment of inmates is hardly ever mentioned. Media announcements and news are what grasps most people’s attention to protest for change and petition for justice. Mental illness and drug abuse of inmates is not a widely discussed topic, but that doesn’t mean that its not an issue Look at the bigger picture the government will not only save millions but they will also assist in lowering the current