Gods and mortals fought a brutal war for what they thought was right and to get back at past evils. The actions inspired by vengeance and justice in Homer’s Iliad shows how detrimental the effects can be on others. The Justice seeked by warlike Menelaus causes pain and suffering to many on all sides of the war. Paris by abducting Helen hurt Menelaus’s pride, “Menelaus had in mind taking revenge on the man who’d injured him” (Homer, Iliad 3. 26-27).
Homer’s Iliad is one of the earliest depictions of war ever written. At face value, the epic is the story of Achilles’ rage, beginning with his honor being insulted by Agamemnon and it continues with the death of his best friend, Patroclus. Yet, the Iliad showcases so much more. It illustrates two very different perceptions of war: one one hand glorious honor and victory, and on the other, the the jarring horror of death and destruction. Homer, in his poem, incorporates scenes in which the characters contemplate how meaningful war and violence really is; a thought which, tragically, many individuals in today’s world contemplate every day.
Agamemnon shows his hatred for Clytemnestra and Aegisthus during his conversation with Odysseus in Book 11 of The Odyssey. There are few crimes more heinous than the plot of Aegisthus and Clytemnestra to kill Atrides Agamemnon. When Odysseus asks Agamemnon who killed him, Agamemnon replies “he (Aegisthus) killed me, he with my own accursed wife” (262). The way he speaks of Clytemnestra demonstrates his animosity for their betrayal. Secondly, Agamemnon describes the way he died as “wretched” and “ignonimous” (262).
One of the most obvious ones can be found in the lines, “Are you already standing, / already standing, o Boniface?” (Inf. 19.52-53). In this scene, Pope Nicholas III, mistakenly identifies Dante as Boniface VIII. Through this, Dante not only criticizes Pope Nicholas III, but also attacks Pope Boniface VIII, who was still alive at the time, for his misconducts against the Church. Pope Boniface VIII is known have been one of the most controversial and corrupt popes in history, so understandably “to Dante he became the symbol of the grossest corruption and was the object of the poet’s unrelenting and ferocious scorn” (Horne 280).
Some greeks still believe he exist because when he battled Zeus, Zeus had trapped him under Mount Etna. They believe volcanic eruptions happen because he is “a fire breathing monster that is constantly trying to escape the pits of Tartarus beneath Mount Etna” (Typhon; mythologicalcreatures”). Typhon is the most feared god because when he was born he was the worst of all of Gaia/Gaea, so most greeks think of him as “the most deadly monster” (“Typhoeus; greekmythologycreatures”). When the battle with Zeus happened every other god and goddess fled expect Athena there was a lot of damage done when the battle was over, which made the greeks believe that “Typhon is the deadliest god and monster that has ever existed in Greek mythology” (“Typhoeus; greekmythologycreatures”). Due to the fact that his cultural perspective is bad, the religious beliefs on him are not that good
In his play called The Trojan Women, about the Trojan war and to the women that would now become slaves. “Might is Fight” one soldier said to the once former princess when knowing that her son would be killed (BBC Ancient Greece The Greatest Show on Earth). In this play in shows the misery that war could bring to both sides no matter if one was the victor and the other that suffered the defeat. How war is just irrational and how hubris plays a part in all of this. In Aristotle Fear and Pity, “Fear and pity may be excited by means of spectacle; but they can also take their rise from the very structure of the action, which is the preferable method and the mark of a better dramatic poet” (Readings, p. 92).
“Shame corrodes the very part of us that believes we are capable of change” (415 Quotes).This quote by Brene Brown means that shame changes our way of thinking and makes us acts differently. This quotes relates to the book The Iliad by Homer, but more specifically, the character named Hector. In The Iliad, a war has broken out between the Greeks and the Trojans because Paris, brother of Hector, stole Helen from the Greeks. Hector leads the war against the Trojans on account of his brother fault. In fact, Hector is the mightiest warrior of the Trojan but he has some perceptible flaws that can be seen in Book 6: Hector Returns to Troy.
He started off by telling them that he had a great joke to play out, so they immediately went along with his plan. He killed them because he was humiliated by them. Both these stories show that pride can cause a lot of damage, for it is a great sin. Edgar Allan Poe’s stories have been fascinating people for over a century with their allegorical themes and thrilling plots. Two well written works, “The Cask of Amontillado” and “Hop-Frog,” show the dangers of pridefulness and how it can cause one to do terrible things.
Why did you form a monster so hideous that even you turned from me in disgust? God, in pity, made man beautiful and alluring, after his own image; but my form is a filthy type of yours, more horrid even from the very resemblance. Satan had his companions, fellow devils, to admire and encourage him, but I am solitary and abhorred” (155). Goodness is all lost when the creature, driven by his desire for revenge, kills those dear to Frankenstein, in which the creation believes will therapeutically heal his personal recounting the pain of the mistreatment over the years. Even in the creation’s acts of kindness towards the family, because of the family’s reaction to the creature, this allows Shelly to reinforce that man is both ‘so virtuous and magnificent’, but also ‘vicious and base’.
For instance, Amenabar’s portrayal of that era shows religion being used to justify throwing a man onto fire, almost burning him. Religion is also used by characters in the film to validate the persecution of pagans, as well as the heartless destruction of the Library of Alexandria. As the movie comes to an end, religion is used to justify violence and the murder of Hypatia – a dedicated scholar who thought independently of religion. One of the most poignant scenes in the movie is the destruction of the Great Library of Alexandria after Emperor Theodosius orders that
He set Rome ablaze and used the Christians as scapegoats. He accused them of arson and persecuted many by burning them alive or allowing dogs to tear them to pieces (Lunn-Rockliffe). Emperor Diocletian (284-305) was also notorious for the persecution of Christians. A fire broke out in his palace which caused him great anger. Like the Romans did to the Christians when Nero was in rule, they blamed them for the fire.