Cuneiform was the first written developed by the Sumerians over 5000 years ago (Doc. 1). That is one of the most important inventions in the world. That paved the way for writing in the future. The used cuneiform to keep records , document, business dealings , barley and to pass down new ideas
‘The Epic of Gilgamesh’ takes place in ancient Mesopotamia, which is a Greek for “between two rivers” because it is located between the river of Tigris and the Euphrates River. Mesopotamia is where one the earliest urban civilizations, so the inhabitants of that area are sophisticated and enterprising. The story in the Epic starts in Uruk, which is a very vividly described in the 17 lines that follow the first 8 lines of the Epic. “In Uruk he built walls, a great rampart, and the temple of blessed Eanna for the god of the firmament Anu, and for Ishtar the goddess of love. Look at it still today: the outer wall where the cornice runs, it shines with the brilliance of copper; and the inner wall, it has no equal.
This attempt was the earliest of Romans to create a Code of Law and is also the earliest (surviving) piece of literature coming from the Romans. That time Roman Empire was struggling for legal and social protection between the privileged, the rich and elite and plebeians. For this reason a commission was appointed to draft a code of law which would be binding on both parties and which the magistrates would have to enforce impartially. Twelve tables introduced the system of systematic and procedural study of law, dividing the
The Ancient Egyptian culture was among the earliest civilizations in northeastern Africa located in an area concentrated along the lower portion of the Nile River. Joshua J. Mark, a freelance writer and co-founder of Ancient History Encyclopedia, once stated, “Egypt thrived for thousands of years (from c. 8000 BCE to c. 30 BCE) as an independent nation whose culture was famous for great cultural advances in every area of human knowledge, from the arts to science technology and religion.” Throughout history, the uniqueness and complexity of the ancient Egyptian culture had an influence on later cultures in Europe. Egypt is famous today for its great ancient monuments, such as the Pyramids and the Sphinx as well as other things.
Around 3500 B.C., the first, ancient River Valley civilizations were Sumeria, Egypt, and China. These civilizations were located in what is now southwestern Asia. Each had great contributions to the future societies. To start, the Sumerians created cuneiform script. It was the world’s first written language.
Emperor Qin Shiu Haung was referred to as the first emperor his reign lasted thirty-six years but his legacy lasted more than two thousand years. He along with his prime minister Li Si, replaced the primitive but noble structures with centralized bureaucratic systems. they restructured their laws, and standardized their writing, weights and measures and their currency. They launched large scale architectural projects that included the great wall, and grand palaces. They also constructed roadways and they developed a practical system to help them manage, produce and distribute goods and resources throughout the land.
With all of Hammurabi’s advancements did he really impact the world today? The Babylonian king Hammurabi, who expanded the city-state of Babylon across the Euphrates River, proclaimed one of the earliest and most complete ancient legal codes B.C. Hammurabi was the sixth king of the First Babylonian Dynasty, reigning from 1792 BC to 1750 BC. His father, Sin-Muballit, who abdicated due to failing health, preceded Hammurabi. He is known today for his law code that supported “an eye for a eye” and the civil rights he gave to members of the society other than men.
They developed their own forms of writing, different tools and architecture. The rivers that these civilizations were built around directly impacted the way they viewed their gods. The Nile was a very strong and reliable river. It flooded annually blessing the Ancient Egyptians with a richer agriculture then Ancient Mesopotamians. (pg 17) Because of this the Egyptians viewed their gods as reliable beings who wanted to help them.
King Hammurabi's Far Reaching Contributions and Influence Nearly 4000 years ago, a young man named Hammurabi was crowned king of the city-state of Babylon. He became the sixth ruler of the Amorite dynasty of Babylon. Hammurabi was born in Babylon c. 1810 BC and he ruled from c. 1792 BC until his death in c. 1750 BC. During his lengthy 42-year reign, he united Mesopotamia and established Babylonia as a central power. He also instigated major improvements in the infrastructure within the city of Babylon and his citizens prospered under his rule.
In Ancient Mesopotamia the people formed the government, technology, and religion that has exceedingly influenced our daily life. The Sumerians developed the first human civilization in world history. They lived in southern Mesopotamia, between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in the Middle East. The Sumerians created governments that helped rule the city-states, the technology that made numerous contribution to their civilization, and religion that they worshiped. People in Mesopotamia learned to build several kinds of inventions that assisted them.
The Hammurabi code was created by the Babylonian ruler, Hammurabi. The code was significantly important to history because it was the first set of written laws. It was a set of 282 laws engraved on a stone pillar for the people to follow. These laws dealt with major and minor offenses as well as their punishments. The purpose was to promote order and enforce stability.
Four thousand years ago, Hammurabi was the King of Babylon, a city state and later on in 1792 BCE ruled much of Mesopotamia too. There was a population of 1,000,000 people, so Hammurabi had to create a set of laws to keep order and peace. “Hammurabi’s Code” was a total of 282 laws written on a stele, which is a big stone pillar. Since, Mesopotamia was so fertile and society was based on agriculture, a lot of the laws made were about farming. In addition, the social classes of Babylon were broken up as landowners, free people who did not own land, and slaves.
King Hammurabi ruled Babylon, located along the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers, from 1792–1750 BCE. During his time as king he oversaw a great expansion of his kingdom from a city-state to an empire. However, today he is most famous for a series of judgments inscribed on a large stone stele and dubbed Hammurabi 's Code. Scholars are still debating its precise significance as a set of laws, but the Code 's importance as a reflection of Babylonian society is indisputable. In this lesson, students learn about life in Babylonia through the lens of Hammurabi 's Code.
“Justice consists not in being neutral between right and wrong, but in finding out the right and upholding it, wherever found against the wrong.”(Theodore Roosevelt) To start off let’s talk about Hammurabi, a king not many people knew about. Thanks to clay writing tablets found by archaeologist, we know some things about him. Some things we know about Hammurabi is that he was a king for 42 years! In addition to that he was a king of a city state in Mesopotamia called, Babylon. Something else about Hammurabi is that he took power in 1792 BCE.