There are two sides to every story to many Australians Kokoda was recognized as the efforts of the Australian soldiers being critical to the defense of Australia against the threat of the Imprial Japanese Army. Such famous historic figures such as paul Keating and John Howard retelling the Kokoda story with the exaggeration of the Anzac’s defending Asutralia. But to some Australian’s such as the former senior historian at the Australia war memorial, DR Peter Stanley, has stated that the Japanese were not planning to make themselves masters of Australia in 1942 and that any Japanese threat to Australia in 1942 was greatly exaggerated by wartime prime minister John Curtin for his own political ends. I t is also known that Hideki Tojo the prime minster of Japan in 1942 stated, as being unfeasible to invade given Australia 's geography and the strength of the Allied defenses. Invading Australia was never an option for the Japanese Imperial Army.
Australia had come under attack from Japan during the war. Britain had promised to help Australia but had failed to do so and it was only from the help of the United States that Australia was able to keep the Japanese out. This incident made the Australian government realise that only 7 million people could not defend Australia and that they needed more people so that Australia would not be overwhelmed by any future conflicts. It was said that Australia had to ‘populate or perish’. At the end of the war in 1945, countries with devastated communities and economies started rebuilding.
By the time we had reached Krithia the Australian men were already tired. But as the battle commenced at 10am on May 6th the Australian men picked up their 22’s and fought like it was their last day on Earth. This is something that all Australians should be proud of the amazing sprit and effort put in by the “support” troops requested by the British and French. The evidence shows that Australians were only a “ring-in” by Hunter-Weston to give the British forces a hand. When really we were their main call of action.
BACKGROUND Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill was a British politician who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945, during 2nd world war which was in a horrible state after Chamberlain who wasn 't the greatest Prime Minister for the job considering the situation Britain were in but then was re-elected again in 1951 to 1955. Winston was born on the 30th of November 1874 in Woodstock in United Kingdom and died 24th of January 1965 in London, United Kingdom. He was 1.67m tall, he had a wife and 6 children who he loved very much and was a great father and husband. LINK TO AUSTRALIA Churchill did not really care to much about Australia 's fate when Japan 's powerful armies threatened Australia. He lied to Australia about the British support against the Japanese.
For Ben Hall a young man, the evolving and progressive society of Australia presented an opportunity for the adventurous to have ago and to build a solid foundation for the future without the social judgments that long been a handicap for those of limited means and wherein some sections of Australian society there still retained the structured aristocracy of the old country where title and inherited wealth determined a path of diversity for those that were termed privileged, this, of course, excluded Ben Hall. It was for those in Australia with courage and determination that the land could offer them that same opportunity of position in the new aristocracy of the colony which was being forged out of the criminals of England who had been bound down by iron chains and where the land for those ex-convicts presented a new wealth for men marked long ago and sent to this penal land for crimes that were so petty that in a modern Australia or England would not ever see the courthouse let alone seven to fourteen years incarcerated with severe physical punishment.
Settlement or Invasion On the 13th of May, Captain Arthur Phillip, born on 11 October, set sail to Australia to establish a new settlement, he took a year preparing for the voyage that was a complete success with to be believed only 69 had left or died on the voyage. Phillip was chosen to be captain of the voyage because he had an extensive knowledge of the sea and the ports that he would stop at he was also someone that would follow instructions without question. Phillip had served in both the English navy and Portuguese navy and had leaded a warship for Portugal while fighting the Spanish he had also spied on the French for the British twice. The decisions made before, during and after the voyage determines Australia’s outcome today. Captain Arthur Phillip was no longer a Captain when he stepped ashore he was the first governor of Australia and a good one for both the natives and the English, even though the land already had people living of the country but they could take it because of the terra nullius rule, If the destination had no infrastructure or no European civilisation it would be
Henry Lawson Henry Lawson is a famous Australian writer best known for his bush poetry and short stories. He was a Bushman that lived in the Australian outback and wrote mostly about bush life. His work displayed the Australian lifestyle with an honesty readers could relate to and acknowledge. Some say “Lawson was something of a legendary figure in his lifetime” (Matthews para 15) and that he “was arguably the first Australian-born writer who really looked at Australia with Australian eyes”. (Henry Lawson Bio para 12) He was born on June 17, 1867 in Grenfell, New South Wales, Australia and died on September 2, 1922 in Sydney.
Many polls were held in 1997, asking whether or not non-Aboriginal people should apologize for the acts of the Stolen Generations for sixty years in the twentieth century. A majority of people voted yes, and so the Prime Minister formally apologized with a heartfelt thirty minute speech from the Parliament House in Canberra, addressing all Aboriginal people, on February 12th, 2008. Rudd felt that that the Stolen Generations were getting older, it was the time to act. There was a heavily mixed response from all audiences in Australia, half of the people saying that the speech was influential, a good thing to do and that Kevin Rudd did the right thing. The other half, however, did not think that the speech was such a good thing, and gave a slightly negative reaction.
On the 26th of January, White-Australian’s all around Australia celebrated the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the First Fleet to Port Jackson. To many, it was seen as a day to commemorate the growth and progress of Australia, but to the Indigenous community this day symbolised the ‘frightful conditions’ (Jack Patten, 1938) that the they were forced into and was referred to as ‘The Day of Mourning’. Three Indigenous men saw this day as an opportunity to raise awareness for the mistreatment and discrimination shown towards their people. William Cooper, William Ferguson and Jack Patten revealed a petition seeking equal citizen rights for the Indigenous people. The protest commenced with a march at Sydney’s Town Hall and involved not only
The American government’s mission to “create a more secure, democratic, and prosperous world for the benefit of the American people and the international community” rarely impacts their actions in the 19th and early 20th century. The American government holds the wishes of the American people as paramount. International community generally received consideration when it involved other European countries such as Britain and Spain, yet held little bearing when in regard to Native Americans or Filipinos. The American Civil War involved almost no foreign intervention, yet American foreign policy still played a part. In 1861 with the threat of Britain entering the Civil War Captain Charles Wilkes, a Union naval officer, coordinated a search
Moreover, the use of juxtaposition, “droughts and flooding rains” portrays the harsh beauty of the country that makes it challenging for Australians to survive. This technique also makes the audience to think and imagine the contrasting sides of Australia, hence engaging the audience. Moreover, the use of personification and gendering, “I love her far horizons”, enables the narrator and audience to link more deeply and strongly with the Australian land. This also rouses empathy in the reader and allows the reader to associate with the poem and the message of loving the Australian landscape. These gives evident that the Australians experiences the extreme beauty of
Today I will be analysing two poems that have contrasting views on what the Australian landscape means to them. Dorothea Mackellar’s ‘My Country’ talks positively about the country whereas Henry Lawson’s ‘Up the Country’ has a more negative view. Dorothea Mackellar was inspired by the experiences of Australians living and working in the bush. On the other hand, Henry Lawson believed that an Australian identity must
It is often said that all non-indigenous Australian poetry is "migrant" poetry. That the process of leaving your place of origin, your "home", and travelling to an adoptive home, defines you as a migrant, regardless of when the migration took place. This line of argument possibly arises out of a desire by the dominant culture - the anglo-celtic in the case of Australia - to create a new language of assimilation, despite a multi-cultural, or maybe post multi-cultural environment. Of course, in the case of Australia many of its earliest non-indigenes were transported rather than migrating by choice and the sense of foreignness was extended to their own cultural space. But later migrations, too, whether voluntary or induced by desperate circumstances at home - such as the migrations from Europe after the second world war or the movement of refugees from Indochina after the Vietnam War and the rise of Pol Pot in
The men that died at the battle of Gallipoli weren’t truly sacrificing themselves for their own country but for the British. Throughout the film and the help of Frank’s biased views the British are seen as untrustworthy and sly whilst allying with Australia. Through the numerous actions of their higher position such as making the men go of to Gallipoli before the British to