The American society became more egalitarian and less deferential, more meritocratic and less aristocratic. There were a few changes that were immediately experienced such as sweeping away of the English traditions like laws of land inheritance. The Church of England in America could no longer continue to exist as its head was the British monarch. It would take another century to abolish slavery but an abolitionist movement had already been initiated due to the Revolution. Due to the American Revolution, other Spanish and Portuguese colonies in the Americas started rebelling against their colonial masters for independence.
The Great Awakening was an event that took place in the 1730s and it was particularly in New England. It all began with Jonatan Edwards a Yale minister who was not going to switch over to the Church of England. He was concerned that the New Englanders were forgetting about their religious principles and instead were too focused on wealth and ways of income. He started to preach and yell his thought and people came in large groups to listen. The effects of the Great Awakening were important.
So as there died some times two or three of a day in the foresaid time, that of 100 and odd persons, scarce fifty remained.” By this extract in the Of Plymouth Plantation, readers could know the pilgrims’ awful condition taken place and the dangerous environment in Plymouth. Since the experience was shown in detail, readers could understand what those pilgrims faced and felt during their plantation in
In the mid-1600s, the New England Puritans had a vision: they were to create the perfect Christian church and settlement, one that was made according to their interpretation of the original church Jesus had visualized. They were a very religious group and wanted to build a place of refuge for themselves. Unlike the colonist of the Chesapeake Bay colonies, they did not immigrate to make a fortune. The main reason the Puritans traveled to America was because they wanted to build a “City Upon a Hill”, since they were persecuted in England for their beliefs. From the 1630s to the 1660s, the Puritan’s beliefs greatly influenced the political, economical, and social development of the New England colonies.
The Second Great Awakening The American Revolution had been known for having no religious or spiritual beliefs. This mainly was due to the separation from the control of political leaders. A number of religious revivals swept through the US from the 1790s and continued on into the 1830s. During this period of time, there has been a transformation of religion throughout the different aspects of the country. Through its meetings being held and the number of people who had attended, the Second Great Awakening suggests that in order to gain member participation, there has to be a devoted style of preaching to its audience.
Left with the task of forging the first democratic nation in many centuries, the founding fathers delicately pieced together a government inspired by the ideals of the Revolution. On this pubescent time period, Merill Jensen writes: “an attempt was made to write democratic ideals and theories of government into the laws and constitutions of the American states.” The founders made the radical choice to separate church and state. In a draft of his bill establishing religious freedom, Jefferson wrote: “WE the General Assembly of Virginia do enact that no man shall be compelled to frequent or support any religious worship.” The result of the Revolution was a united push for radical political and social changes that changed history. In his essay, The War for Independence was not a Social Revolution, “Zinn concludes that the American Revolution was really a successful effort to preserve America’s status quo.” Zinn believed that the “contest itself was generally a struggle for office and power between members of an upper class.” These views complement those of Andrew Hacker who concludes, “It was over colonial manufacturing, wild lands and furs, sugar, wine, tea, and currency, all of which mean, simply, the survival or collapse of English mercantile capitalism within the imperial-colonial framework of the mercantilist
The first settlers in America came to the New World to seek religious liberty. Taking a risk, they began their treacherous journey to an unknown land in order to practice their own beliefs without limitation. Later in the narrative of the making of America, the founding fathers drafted a constitution-- a collection of laws and regulations which set up the government we still know and practice today. Arguably the most important part of the constitution, the first amendment, gives citizens the freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition. These freedoms have been the backbone of this great country for centuries, has set us apart from other nations, and has shaped the course of American history.
However, over the course of the colonial and industrial eras, there were many changes in the role of genders. At the start of the colonial era, Puritans were the first of many Europeans to settle on American ground. They came to America with a mission of having “ a city on a hill.” As a result, the Puritans wanted to become a model society for everyone to mimic after. Puritans migrated to America in hopes to live in a purified society. This was due to the corruption of Christianity and Catholicism in Europe.
This colony was formed by a group of Separatists, Puritans that believed the Anglican Church was too corrupt and could not be reformed so they formed their own church. On their way to America, they formed the Mayflower Compact, creating a form of government with rule by the majority. Upon landing in the New World, many perished due to starvation, but by forming an alliance with native people, they were able to survive. The Plymouth Colony never thrived, however, there were never more than 7,000 colonists, and they were not able to export many goods to England2. Plymouth illustrates that while a colony can retain the mission with which it initially began, a utopian colony is not able to progress as well as a non-utopian colony, forcing it to either change or remain small and weak.
Throughout time enlightenment has influenced a lot of important events in history. Enlightenment had a big influence on America. The American Enlightenment started in the eighteenth century. It influenced the ideas that have shaped the Constitution of the United States (Dixon 257). The idea of liberty caused the Americans to rebel against the British.