They conquered nearly all of Asia and achieved the dream of controlling the continental caravan routes from China to Persia (Doc J). The Mongol Empire made significant contributions to the political institutions, economic development, and cultural diversity of many lands (Doc J). In both China and Persia the Mongols had taken up homes among their subjects and blended with the local societies which led to the diversified economic development (Doc J). Mongol emperors built canals to improve transportation and communication also the silk industry benefited from the Mongol conquest. When visited by travelers the Mongols were known to have harsh laws on theft make them very trustworthy to trade with (Doc K).
They were experts at horseback riding, as it was taught from a young age. They traded with settled societies for products they could not obtain from their horses. Even though the Mongols were just pastoralists, they were feared by many since they were skilled at fighting while riding their horses and had great military tactics, which led them to prey on weak cities. The Mongols were able to rule Eurasia because they were skilled at archery while on horseback and in every other aspect of warfare. This impacted all of Eurasia by increasing commerce/communication and
The way it was organized seems rigorous but during that duration military was the backbone of the Mongol civilization. Little to no mistakes could be made or the stability of the imperium would become unstable. During the Mongol conquests millions of people were killed.
Obvious negative effects of the invasions were immediately evident such as death counts and destroyed property. But slowly peace was restored as the Mongol rule spread to much of the known world. Needed changes began occurring such as the Silk Road was reopened by the Mongols. The Mongols introduced gunpowder and the importance of written language. They contributed considerable to the commerce of both China and the Middle East as they once again began trading and exporting their goods and
The Mongols dominated into many different parts different around the world from between 1206- 1368. They spread from Eastern Europe to the Sea of Japan and were dominate with their military. They had many skilled archers and horseman to help in battle. They were very respectful of other dynasties beliefs through them mixing different cultures together, which is called cultural diffusion. The Mongols overall were very barbaric, but many would say that the Mongols wouldn't be barbaric because the woman did everything the men did.
Document 3 states, “They come out to them they seek out the artificers (artisans) among them and keep these, but the others, with the exception of those they wish to have as slaves, they kill with the axe….” (DOC 3). This shows as they did conquer this land, they did still spare the lives of some of their enemies. As stated previously, there are some that believe otherwise. People believe the Mongols are truly barbaric. They see all these deaths caused by them and find it horrible.
Mongols warriors swept across much of Asia, the Middle East, and Eastern Europe. Their territory extended from Korea to Poland, and from Vietnam to Syria. The Mongols were considered barbarians. For the ancient Greek, “barbs” simply means foreigner. By the 1200s the term was used as a much more negative term referring to the people that lived beyond the pale of civilization, people were savage, evil.
The Mongols were easily one of the most dangerous and powerful empires in the 13th and 14th century. The Mongols were known for conquering most of the eastern empires of that time. Some may argue that the Mongols spread their culture and blended it with cultures across the eastern empires. The mongols did not desire to blend their culture and ideals with other empires but desired power and wealth and only what would benefit their own empire. The Mongols would take citizens from empires they conquered and recruit them into their army, make them slaves or require the citizens to pay tribute.
During the 13th century, a group of pastoralists would band up to form The Mongol Empire. The Mongols were based in Central Asia and spread fear all over by overwhelming their enemies. They would conquer enough to be the largest empire known to mad. However, despite the evidence that suggests the mongols were vicious, they should be seen as civilized due to having a structured military, having exceptional infrastructure, and having a law system. Before mentioning their civility, the mongols were definitely brutal.
They too had a great leader in Sha Abbas he helped centralize government, he made alliances with the Ottomans, and he tolerated non-muslims. The golden age of China came after the Mongols fell in the 15th century. The Mongols were one of the most dominant empires in history, they tore through China,India, Russia, Byzantium, Italy, Germany, and parts of the Spanish Empire. There great ruler Genghis Khan was a big factor in there dominance. After the mongols fell, China became the most advanced society, and with help from Zheng He China began to explore the world.