They absorb 0.8 to 1.1 billion metric tons of CO2. Along with this, it provides us many other benefits such as timber, medicines, etc. It is a pity now this heaven is threatened by deforestation, which can have dire consequences. In the Brazilian Amazon, there has been an average forest loss of 6, 14,785 km2 from 1990-2015 due to factors such as soybean farming, cattle ranching, logging, mining, etc. This makes it difficult to maintain carbon dioxide concentrations and the greenhouse effect occurs, increasing world temperatures and altering weather patterns.
The drainagewater contains heavy metals in addition to biological contaminations so care has to be taken to avoid this water. Land/ Solid waste Pollution- the main cause of environmental pollution is improper management of solid waste. The causes of Land pollution are: waste disposal, mining, urbanization, agriculture chemical, atmospheric deposition, soil erosion. The adverse effect of pollution is global warming-refers to the general increase in the earth’s average temperature, which causes changes in climate patterns across the globe. The earth’s average temperature has been increasing over the last century.
Climate change is the most pressing issue at the moment over the world. The cause of climate change is caused by natural causes and people. Global warming is caused by Appliances, deforestation, and fossil fuels. The climate is changing rapidly and we need to do something. The global climate change and its consequences are leaving a bad impact on the countries to face poverty and hotter temperatures.
Eighty percent of Earth’s land animals and plants live in forests, and many cannot survive the deforestation that destroys their homes. It is estimated that we are losing 137 plant, animal, and insect species every day which equates to 50,000 species a year (National Geographic). Orangutans, giant pandas, rhinos, and the Asian elephant are just a few of hundreds of endangered species due to deforestation. Removing trees thins the forest canopy which is meant to block sun rays during the day and holds in the heat at night. This damaging disruption leads to extreme temperature swings that are harmful to plants and animals.
The exports became dramatically reduced, causing several damages to the producers. Thus the situation forced the “Fondo Nacional del Café” to put a price subsidy of 30 US$ for every 125 kg of coffee produced to keep the production in function. This situation is nowadays unsustainable for the 570,000 small farm coffee producers. Relating to productive ability it exists a huge difference between large producers of other countries and producers of Colombia, who lack of capital for modernization. “On average, a Colombian farmer harvests 8.3 bags of coffee per hectare.
2). The rainforests, which are being cut down very rapidly are home to about 80 percent of the vast different species on the planet (“The World” 2)! Estimates from the Stern Report show that deforestation is responsible for at least 25 percent of global warming causing, greenhouse gases, compared to transportation and industry equaling only 28 percent total (Howden 1). All governments from around the world must put stricter laws in place to stop this destruction of, wildlife nurturing, tropical rainforests before it is too late.
Cutting down of trees and deforestation causes global warming. When more and more trees are cut, only few of them are left and those trees take up the carbon dioxide. Deforestation is when trees are cut and burnt, and this during this process, the carbon dioxide is released into the air. Deforestation has many negative effects on the environment. The most dramatic impact is a loss of habitat for millions of species.
However, driven by the environmental impact that it causes, new sources of energy are increasingly becoming implemented especially in developed Countries. On the other hand, strong evidence suggests that becoming too reliant on natural gas poses numerous and complex risks, including persistent price volatility and rising global warming emissions. (The Natural Gas Gamble. A Risky Bet on America's Clean Energy Future, 2015) From an International perspective, coal is one of the major raw materials that use maritime logistics and a complete shift of energy source would have a huge impact in the industry. A total shift would mean extremely expensive investments in ports to adapt or change its facilities to support this new material.
Deforestation brings many effects either to society or country. It impacts a country’s economy, the life of community, environment and extinction of species. The causes of deforestation are logging, agriculture croplands and pasture expansion, urbanization and more (Ebenezer 2015). Some methods used in deforesting are burning the trees or clear cutting the trees. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (2005 cited in Ebenezer 2015) reported that the global forest area is around 4 billion hectares corresponding to 0.62 hectares per capita, but it is decreasing by 13 million hectares per annum.
The world is changing, and fast. In the current global age of rapid growth and industrial expansion, it is becoming progressively important for humans to measure the scope of our activities on the planet that we inhabit. Urbanization, consumerism and an increasing population are all reasons why human disturbance is the main cause of environmental degradation. This is why it is important for humanity as a whole to become aware of our impact on the earth, and turn that concern into action. In this report I will be focusing on a major environmental concern – air pollution.