How Does Human Environment Affect The Environment

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In recent years, climate change has become one of the most concern for our planet as it impacts on the future development of both the developing and developed countries. According to Stanton, Ackerman & Resende (2009), climate change involves components of society and economy. In detail, Stern (2006) shows that human activity including population growth, agricultural and industrial investment is causing global warming, with environmental pollution, water scarcity and land degradation (especially deforestation). In the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) (1992), many governments and scientists identified that it was the biggest issue for the future development of the world for decades. In the research of the World…show more content…
Human activities have directly impacted on the environment as deforestation for more land available for housing and urbanization, create commercial items such as furniture and homes, particularly poverty is the major cause of global deforestation (Hallegatte et al., 2016). The World-Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) (1997) reported that about 500,000 hectares of forest are destroyed each week and about half of the world's tropical forests have been cleared (The United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), n.d.). As the result, nearly a billion tons of carbon into the atmosphere per year (Global Forest Resources Assessment, 2010). As a consequence, the environmental pollution needs to be prevented from the population growth and…show more content…
The role of the environmental protection policy is to control the provision and use of the natural resources to support the economy in the prosperity and wellbeing (Sinkule & Ortolano, 1995, p. 4-5). The developing countries issued the policy to reduce its emissions, particularly in China becoming one of the most polluted countries in the world. For example, air pollution in China had reduced from 14% in 1975 to 5% in 2005 (Matus et al., 2012, p. 55-66). In addition, the government promotes the use of technology for clean energy to replace the use of coal, reforms in the pricing of the natural resources and innovations by subsidy and tax policies, raise the tax on the pollutant, according to the UN's annual environment report (2015), China invested a total of $103 billion of the world on renewable energy. Thus, the environmental policy is necessary for the sustainable economy development and it can be controlled by the

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