This just means that the ligament has been stretched but is not torn. A grade two MCL injury means that the ligament has been partially torn, which can cause instability in the knee joint. A grade three MCL injury is the most severe grade of injury. It occurs when the ligament has been completely torn. Joint instability is very common in the knee with this type of sprain.
The posterior lip of the tibia usually fractured, the fragment may be large or small. Also included is an avulsion of the medial malleolus or rupture of the deltoid ligament the Weber type C is characterized by a fibular fracture that is entirely above the level of the tibial plafond. A large or small posterior lip fracture often accompanies this injury, as does medial malleolar avulsion or deltoid ligament ruptured. (19) The Lauge Hansen classification was developed to describe cadaver fracture patterns. The first part of the terminology refers to the foot position when the forces start, and the second refers to the major force that is transmitted to the foot.
Hard tissue injuries are injuries that involve the bone such as fractures. Hard tissue injuries are more severe. Surgery is sometimes needed depending on the severity of the injury. A torn anterior cruciate ligament is an example of a soft tissue injury that might require
Rotator cuff injuries are pretty popular and happen to a lot of people. Basically, the two most common types of injury for the rotator cuffs are tears and impingements. Impingements on the shoulder occurs when the soft tissues of your rotator cuff become inflamed and swollen. When this happens, there will be an expansion in size and this will make movement of the shoulders a little bit difficult. This will cause pinching between the shoulder blade and the arm bone when you try to move your shoulders.
It makes the affected joint hurt. But you don’t feel sick or have the fatigue that comes with some other types of arthritis. You lose your body's shock absorber. Cartilage, the slippery material that covers the ends of bones, gradually breaks down. One example is what can happen to your knees when you're overweight.
Ankle injuries are characterized by the sort of tissue - bone, ligament, or tendon - that is harmed. The ankle is the place three bones meet - the tibia and fibula of your lower leg with the bone of your foot. These bones are held together at the ankle joint by ligaments, which are solid flexible groups of connective tissue that keep the bones set up while providing the freedom of basic ankle movement. Muscles are attached to the bones by tendons, which provides support for stabilizing the joints and allowing your foot to move. A break in a bone or a set of bones is also depicted as a fracture.
While a muscle strain doesn’t sound like a serious injury, the resulting lower back pain can be surprisingly severe and is the cause of many emergency room visits each year. There are two common types of lower back strain: A muscle strain happens when the muscle is over-stretched or torn, resulting in damage to the muscle fibers (also called a pulled muscle). A lumbar sprain happens when ligaments are stretched too far or torn. Ligaments are very tough, fibrous connecting tissues that connect bones together. A lumba support should preserve natural spinal alignment, even in upright postures.
The least common ankle sprain and the most painful one is called, a high ankle sprain or a syndesmotic ankle sprain this happens when the foot is forced to rotate to the outside, away from the other leg by forcing the ankle to twist outward ("The Dreaded “High Ankle Sprain”1). Another way this type of injury could happen is by “hyperdorsiflexion”, this occurs when the toes are pulled toward the shin beyond their normal range of motion when this happens the fibula and tibia pull away from each other causing the ligaments that connect the two bones to tear ("The Dreaded “High Ankle
Introduction The knee joint is most commonly involved in many sports injuries and as modern sport is being more and more competitive, more complex knee injury patterns are being recognized. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a very commonly involved ligament in these injuries.8 The knee joint is a large compound type of synovial joint. Due to the lack of bony support, stability of the joint is highly dependent on its supporting ligamentous structures, and therefore injuries of ligaments and menisci are extremely common especially in active individuals like athletes, labours and soldiers. Anterior cruciate ligament is an intra-articular, extra synovial structure present in the central complex of knee joint. It functions in
Patellar tendonitis (PT) is a chronic overuse injury, associated with anterior knee pain sustained during activity, and is a result of the patella tendon becoming overstressed and inflamed (Kettunen et al., 2002). A tendon is defined as a dense, fibrous tissue which is made up of collagenous fibres and attaches muscles to other body parts; usually bones. The patella tendon is located on the anterior aspect of the knee, and is a continuation of the quadriceps tendon and attaching on to the patella and the tibial tuberosity (Kuntzman and Tortora, 2010) and is the main structure by which the knee straightens. When the quadriceps muscles contract, the patella tendon is pulled, and in turn this pulls on the tibia, causing the leg to straighten.
The severity of a muscle strain is rated in degrees. First-degree strains have the least amount of muscle fiber tearing and pain. Second-degree and third-degree strains have increasingly more tearing and pain. CAUSES Hamstring strains occur when a sudden, violent force placed on these muscles stretches them too far. This often occurs during activities that involve running, jumping, kicking,