He argued that one of the main tasks of sociology was to transform personal problems into public and political issues or vice versa. To have sociological imagination is to have “vivid awareness of the relationship between experience and the wider society" (Mills 2). Overall, sociological imagination is the concept which is based on social locators. As mentioned previously, there is a difficulty to grasp control on class, gender, and race because a person is born into these three categories. In a practical sense, my personal choices are shaped by my social locators.
Sociology somehow can also be define as the study of development, structure, and functioning of human society. Sociology requires more than of common sense to make sense in a society. Sociology aims to provide objective knowledge of a social phenomenon in order to cope with social issues in a society. Sociology, therefore, offers insights into these issues in order to reveal the questions of humanity, also the changes and transition that humans goes through. As a sociologist, Andre Beteille have said, social science is primarily being conduct upon certain legal guidelines, the research technique and how the data is collected.
In this Essay I will compare and contrast two major theoretical perspectives in Sociology. The Functionalist theory of Emile Durkheim and the Marxist theory of Karl Marx (Giddens, 2009, p. 72) Sociology is the scientific study of social life. It describes and analyses social behaviour. It seeks to discover how human society has come
He distinguishes sociology from Philosophy by emphasizing on empirical nature of sociology. Durkheim is of view that in order to be objective and scientific; a discipline must deals with “things” and not “ideas” or “concept”. He criticizes the social sciences of his time as for dealing more with ‘concept’ and ‘ideas’ in comparison of
The social world has to be verified in a purely empirical manner by understanding of empiricism and realist ontology. Both have a view that the world exists independently of researchers’ knowledge of it and that social phenomena have causal powers on which we can make causal statements. Both Marxist and positivist stress the need for a rigorous scientific method, for scientific analysis of the social phenomenon and natural world. However these two perspectives have some traits which make one unique from another and these are discussions as below, Marxist perspective is more objective that is to say; describes a problem from the point of view of those experiencing the problem whereas positivist perspective is more subjective that is to say; it is interpreted by the researcher about the problem. Marxist perspective focuses less on empirical study and abstains from a historical explanation of social phenomena but focuses on an epistemological position which is sceptical of the naive perceptions that which lead to a proper understanding of the social world without using theoretical framework whereas positivism focuses on ontological realism and objectivity in understanding the world with value free empirical
The discipline of sociology can be defined as the study of society. It is a teaching that engages individual to critically analyze the social world. Sociologist like Emile Durkheim and Karl Marx viewed the world through the use of a macro perspective, but there were other sociologist like Weber, who views society through a micro perspective, meaning that he looks at culture, beliefs, actions that people take on in everyday life. Upon analyzing social stratification, Weber concluded that there exist three types of groups: class, status groups, and parties. Although in contemporary society, we often times use the first two terms interchangeably, there is a difference between the class and status groups.
The social concept also social construction of reality (Social constructionism) is considered a theory of knowledge in sociology which evaluates the advancement of mutually created understandings of the world which is a basis for the formation of collective assumptions on reality. The theory affirms the opinion that people rationalize their experience through creating models of their social world and later sharing such models via language. Dating from the work of Berger and Luckmann (1966) different authors have put forth their contribution and ideas on social constructionizm. Berger and Luckmann dispute that all knowledge is gained and maintained from social interactions. Apparently according to the two authors people interact bearing in mind
The concept of representation arises in sociology with Emile Durkheim, who first proposed it together with the adjective ‘collective’, to detect the deep bond existing between this concept and another key one for French sociologist, that of “collective Consciousness. The Collective consciousness is the set of beliefs and sentiments common to the average members of the same society forms a specific system. Durkheim divides representations into various kinds such as empirical representation,
1. Identifying the social issues: According to the lecture notes complied by Cloete (2011:4), the basic definition of sociology is, that it is “the scientific study of social relations.” Practically, this means that sociologists investigate social relations, which are founded through meaningful social interactions that take place within the social structures that exist and become established through the ongoing social processes, which in turn creates the culture of that society. At an individual level, these social experiences and relations establish a person’s identity and concept of self (his or her personality). Therefore, in identifying the social issues that exist, we have to analyse them from all the different aspects of the social relations
According to dictionaries, sociology can be defined as “the systematic study of society and social interactions” (Open Education Sociology Dictionary 2013) or can be understood through its stems – socius (Latin) meaning companion and logos (Greek) meaning the study of (Abercrombie et al. 2006). Although these definitions are not incorrect, sociology is much more complex. In my essay, I am going to examine the question of what sociology is more closely by looking at what sociologists seek to understand, what the sociological perspective is, the skills sociologists utilise to learn about the world and how sociology actually affects and impacts the societies we live in. The Scope of Sociology: What is it that sociologists seek to understand?