John Hobbes: The Pursuit Of Human Desires

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In the absence of any physical or mental disability, Hobbes assumes that all people are born equal. They set up two kinds of relations with the outside world which is perceived sensory organs, according to Hobbes; avoidance and desire. On the one hand, natural equality brings the hope of equality for desire; on the other hand, people do not satisfy with taking an instant pleasure from an object of desire. In Hobbes’ context, even though self interest is the only human motive, human desires are not unlimited. In fact, people permanently hope to guarantee the way of the future desires. He holds that, no matter how well and how much people produce goods, there will be disputes about ownership and distribution of goods (C.M.p.65). In addition, human desire includes a threatening attitude for others’ desire that also makes inevitable conflict of interests. In a state of nature, that is a condition without government, people do not trust each other, thus a condition of war occurs. According to Hobbes, it is a general rule of reason that every human have to endeavor peace, as far as he has hope of obtaining it; and when he cannot obtain it, that he may seek and use all helps and advantages of war (L.1.14.4). However, only human power is not sufficient to keep one’s own safety against others. During the war, we can easily say that people have the right to use their power to protect their lives as they wish in this perspective. If there is no predetermined social law, any action
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