The “transaction” is usually the organization paying the team members in return of their effort and compliance. b. The leader has a right to “punish” team members if their work doesn’t meet the pre-determined standard. Team members can do little to improve their job satisfaction under transactional leadership. c. This is really a type of management, not a true leadership style because the focus is on short-term tasks.
This theory argues that there is no single way of leading and that every leadership style should be based on certain situations. Humans are not all the same, they do not react the same, nor is any situation the same. There are certain people who perform at the maximum level in certain places; but at minimal performance when taken out of their element. A leader, in order to continue being one, will have to adjust to what happens in the environment, that is, contingencies. The word contingency means depending upon.
Transactional and Transformational Leadership Both concepts of the theory are built upon the reciprocity relationship between leader and follower. In contrast to the transactional leader who practices depending reinforcement of followers, the transformational leader inspires, intellectually stimulates, and individually considerate their team (Bass, 1999). At the core of transformational approach it is emphasize the both on leader ability to motivate and empower follower as well as in the moral dimension of leadership – it is about winning the mind and the heart (Bolden et al., 2011, p.31). The commitment building of this type of leadership is not only from the precise goal setting and evaluation but also through caring and inspiring the team.
Because the primary reason for the collapse was they did not treat IT as an important part of the company, which made the system out of dated, under budget and staff. So gaining support from expert was a right lesson for Halamka. Lesson 2: Do not let any one individual in your IT group become the sole point of failure. IT group is a group, which means they should have team work. Individual should be following under the overall group decision.
I believe an essential attribute an adaptive leader is a self-awareness. As and an adaptive leader first, you must acknowledge your strengths, weaknesses, and your limitations. These are things that would distinguish the adaptive leaders from their peers. Tactically, this type of leadership can change due to factors on the battlefield without losing focus of the
Therefore, defining social construction as the way in which society and the world around something or someone moulds them and influences their thoughts and understanding of things and situations. Society has influence many of my views, leadership being one of them. I define leadership as someone taking the time to lead put others in front of their own needs and wants to influence the followers into accomplishing their own goals or the overall group goal with also getting and doing what’s best for everyone. Coaches, teachers, family members and leaders of community groups have all had a large impact on the way I view leadership. An example of this which has affect my views on leadership was my last and most recent coach.
This lesson principle resonated with me because I am both a leader and a follower. As such, I am often put in situations where I have to make decisions, I have to develop subordinates and peers, and I have to follow lawful orders even when I do not agree with them. In other words, the three components of the leadership system affect each other differently; yet, we must intertwine these elements into our leadership development to ensure we are effective, as both leaders and followers. To expand on this concept, as leaders, we must attempt to display character strengths, virtues, and ethical behavior at all times. This is easier said than done, as we must consider each individual’s personal ethics code, values, upbringing, etc.
Lewin, Lippitt, & White as cited in Hamid and Ismail (2015), conducted a research on organization and leadership styles such as democratic, autocratic, and laissez-faire. Leadership style refers to a leader’s manner of behavior in a work situation. Accordingly, leadership style can be influenced by one’s personality which means it deals mainly with the manner of the leader on how he/she carry his/her functions or authority and power and the decision-making process. Leaders tend to choose a leadership style that is most comfortable to them and which allow the subordinates to participate in the decision making process, and is also dependent on the values and the personality of the leaders. The research conducted found the authoritarian, also
In fact, Zaccaro, Wood and Herman (2006) argue, the leadership traits also determine the ability of the leader to acquire new attributes and skills that might expand the leader’s skill set and thus increase his or her effectiveness in a diverse array of settings. In this way, leadership traits can determine the effectiveness of training and development opportunities offered to the leader by the organization. At the same time, cognitive capacities and motive for self-actualization can make the leader more effective at learning from experience and thus adopting more effective leadership skills to employ in different types of settings. Luria and Berson (2012) describe the impact of leader motives on leader performance. Their study is focused on a military context, but the findings may prove relevant to organizational leadership as well.
Leadership is a process that a person leading a group and influencing other to accomplish an objective directs the organization goal. Leaders carry out the process by applying their leadership knowledge and skills. A person come to mind about leadership likely to get a list of qualities such as intelligence, charisma, decisiveness, strength, bravery integrity and self-confidence. These represent in essence, trait theories of leadership. Trait theories of leadership is theories that consider personality, social, physical, or intellectual traits to differentiate leaders from non-leaders.