Tom Joad’s succession to power illustrates that a community’s ability to progress derives from a system where an effective leader guides and motivates, but is not irreplaceable. An authoritarian or tyrant is undoubtedly a type of leader and is able to accomplish his or her selfish goals through individual power. But a truly healthy community requires a strong leader, participation by its members, and an effective succession of leadership when needed. Why does a democracy have a President? Why does a jury have a foreperson?
The effect of power on culture and leadership is real and this effect can be long lasting. The term power conjures up images of both evil and good and is a subject that is rarely discussed in management planning sessions or leadership training. But, because strength is the basis for influence attempts understanding its uses and limitations help a leader to learn to use it effectively. Becoming a efficacious leader is critical because companies do not form accidentally. Leaders help companies for culture by being goal oriented, having a specific purpose, and are created because one or more individuals perceive that the concerted and coordinated action of a number of people can accomplish something that individual action cannot.
These small similarities; however, do not distract the characters from fighting for their individual beliefs. Both McMurphy and Nurse Ratched approached their leadership in different ways. McMurphy uses transformational leadership, which is a leader that “must perform some combination of the transactional functions (plan, direct, organize, control) in order to build respect and trust… [and the] leader gets people to work towards some higher purpose or goal” (O’Connor). In other words, it is a leader who achieves a “higher goal”, while “build[ing] respect and trust” from the people. On the other hand, Nurse Ratched uses authoritarian leadership, which is when “Policies [are] determined by the leader.
In business world, you can’t treat everyone unique and in same way, those who are working against policy or involved in fraud, it doesn’t make sense to treat like those who work honestly for organization. So servant leadership doesn’t mean that you ignore principals of business. Trump did the same, he takes care of his friends, employees, took responsibilities of his actions as servant leaders do but on the other hand he is well known tough person. Authentic Leadership Authentic leadership is an approach to leadership that emphasizes building the leader’s legitimacy through honest relationships
Transformational Theory Transformational Theory is a leadership style applied where the leader act as changing agents in the organization which the leader itself want to change and transform the organization to become better. The leader also try to develop role and commitment to the employee toward the achievement of the organization goal. This leadership style rarely applied in the organization because most of the organization just want to maintain the current practice unless for the organization that started want to transform to become big organization. There are four elements of transformational leadership which are: a) Develop and communicate a strategic vision The leader develop new strategies and challenging vision toward the achievement of the organizational goal. The vision must be what we expect the organization in the future and then discuss together with the employee to give them clear image what they have to achieve with the new vision and strategies of the organization goal.
Ethical leaders should have some certain characteristics that suggested by Triveno and brown (2004), as five dimensional transformational leadership. This model shows the differentiation of ethical and unethical behaviours of transformational leaders. Transformational leaders are person with high morality and highly motivated to achieve organizational ethical values, really willing to implements collectivistic team work through better communication. Information flow between ethical leaders and followers are very effective. In addition leadership that oriented to people and task is also effective in the organization to develop ethical leadership.
Trait Theory Trait Theory says that an efficient leader can be identified through the recognition of his or her traits. Traits are the personal characteristic that possess by a leader, such as intelligence, knowledge, values, ideas, self-confidence, and attire or appearance (Daft, 2008). Trait theory is a “virtual theory” of leadership. It begins with the idea that there are specific virtues a leader must have. These are usually inborn traits, manifesting themselves in the “born leader” that cannot help but take control and guide situations.
People define leadership differently. Leadership is said to be a process through which leaders influence other people in the organization by helping them achieve the objective. Several theories of leadership and leadership have been developed to explain leadership. For example, researchers have developed leadership styles like transformational leadership styles and transactional leadership styles. The leadership styles explain the different types of leadership that are found in organizations.
If I were the staff of Enron Company, there are few ways I would handle the situations. First, staffs need to know how managers of organization frame problems under the influence of the organization to ensure that they can be morally responsible in an organization without getting hurt. The staffs should also understand the method of acting effectively, safely in the organization effectively. In other words, it is crucial for staff to understand the organizational culture of the company. Normally, organizational culture is by owners, high-level executives or person in charge of the organization.
Additionally, I have seen leaders who think they are managers who are truly leaders. Managers manage things. Leaders lead people. Numerous people have had an impact on my personal leadership philosophy both good and bad. Bad leaders seem to somehow get others to do things but it is not from a personal power that convinces people to follow them.
To maintain a level head when granted power a leader must have understanding and use it as often as they use their power. Situational leadership is another example of a leadership theory. This leadership is focused on the leader however, the leader takes not only the followers but also the situation into account. Through different methods of behaviors a leader is able change his or her leadership style to appropriately fit with the followers and the task at hand to achieve best results. Each leader has a different leadership style that can be studied and each one can be used in a different scenario.
Because the manager has the authority in this type of culture, there is a certain way an employee must discuss or present information regarding the organization as well as personally. In other cultures, organizations do not have a hierarchy. Instead, employees work as a team to complete