“THE GENERATORS OF CITY DIVERSITY” BY JANE JACOBS Phạm Nguyên Thảo Student ID: 14510673775 Urban planning plays an important role in city life, especially in a dynamic economy and environment of the city nowadays. Because of the rise in number of crime, pollution, traffic jam,…, many cities are looking for new solutions to deal with these ever growing problems. In the past, many urban planners tried to create perfect cities to completely replace the old cities, for example Ebenezer Howard’s Garden City, or Le Corbusier’s Radiant City. Nevertheless, recent planning has switched from strict building codes and grand schemes, to a more community-based approach that focuses on improving community life and the environment in which people live in. Besides, developing cities also face the threat of losing their diversity and identities.
Urban sprawl has grown to be a serious threat to environmental and social capital. The challenges of Urban Sprawl to the environment and society needs to be measured and mitigated skillfully with serious and purpose oriented input from planners, government and the community. In metropolitan areas, Urban Growth Management has become a known discipline that is used efficiently to regulate land use. Urban Growth Management attempts to addresses and mitigate the negative repercussions of urban sprawl and it also facilitates in designing future policies to keep urban development sustainable. (Fertner, Jorgensen, Nielsen & Nilsson, 2016).
The process has had a major impact on many urban landscapes, and has played an important role in the history and demographics of cities around the world. The purpose of urban renewal is to improve specific areas of a city that are poorly developed or underdeveloped. These areas
It also identifies the management levels at the global, national, regional, and local levels. 2.1 Urban planning and management concepts. Urban management may be referred to as the application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to protect activities to meet the urban requirements. This may include setting up a team for efficient mobilization of resources to maximize output. Urban areas cannot exist in isolation, they may require inputs from, and waste assimilation functions or, and other ecosystem (Sustainability concepts, 2013).
6.4.4 Sustainable mobility services Urban mobility planning is challenging and complex tasks which need to manage conflicting demands and requirements on local residents, and even contribute to energy efficiency targets. These guidelines are proposed for urban transport and involve residents in the development and implementation of a sustainable urban mobility plan. a) Establish walking, cycling network. b) Cover all modes and forms transport including: public and private, motorized and non-motorized, moving and parking. c) Focus on people and rational distribute public bus stops to ensure all citizens are offered transport options.
Specially, in the community of residential planning, the traditional conceptual forms which limit the development of community in public space and interaction such as apartment, public space and park, etc. (Pinkett, 2003). In addition, there have a number of unfilled agreement and non-adapted challenges which have stimulation and supporting the interaction in high-rise building. It is not only developing through technology but also through architectural and urban design (Ziller, 2004). The essential aspect of these issues will be mentioned in this
Chapter 2 LITERATURE REVIEW Urban warming has a serious energy and environmental impact. In recent years, many researches have been carried out: (1) to design, develop and apply efficient mitigation techniques for the urban environment (Hashem 1992; Akbari et al. 2001; Santamouris 2014); (2) to update knowledge and skills on the design and application of urban mitigation strategies (Gartland 2008; Akbari et al. 2016). 2.1 Urbanization and climate change Urbanization is an intricate and vibrant procedure performing over diverse scales of space and time (Grimm et al.
1.0 Introduction As cities and regions engage into a global competition for investments, jobs, well-paid and educated residents, tourists, and high-profile amenities, recent urban development policies put much emphasis using events (Brenner and Keil, 2006). Those events are seen to be orchestrated by the city authorities and politicians to promote specific agendas of economic growth, infrastructure projects and place branding. The competition between cities to become the host of events are on the increasing trend especially among the emerging nations. This paper aims to have an more in-depth understanding the role of events in urban governance and interurban competitions and the effects on policies and strategies that local and central government
If one problem is solved another Problem lies in wait for them. The major problems which are faced by the Karachi are transport problem, traffic problem, water crises. Electricity problem, snatching and sewage problems. These are the main problems which face by Karachi. First, we discuss about the transport problem in Karachi.