Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), Major Depression, or more commonly known as Clinical Depression is a mood disorder in which the patient experiences constant feelings of sadness, loss, worthlessness, anger or frustration, and despair. Other symptoms associated with Major Depression are fatigue, poor concentration, loss or increase in appetite, weight gain or loss, suicidal thoughts, disturbed sleep pattern, hypersomnia, and consternation. Most people may feel down, blue, or sad at some point in their life and the feeling might last a couple of days up to a week. Sometime called the blues, these sad feelings will cease after a short period of time, and life is expected to continue. Due to this expectation, many people suffering from MDD …show more content…
It has even put famous people in the spotlight due to their experience with MDD, such as singer, songwriter Kurt Cobain. He was the lead singer of the rock band, Nirvana, and suffered from a Major Depressive Episode that led him to commit suicide. There are films featuring Major Depressive Disorder as the underlying theme, movies such as Prozac Nation (based on the life of Elizabeth Wurtzel, writer, who struggled with MDD in college), Revolutionary Road (based on the novel by Richard Yates who created characters reflecting aspects, moments, experiences of his life), Helen (written by Sandra Nettelbeck whose childhood friend committed suicide), and Sylvia (based of the life of poet, Sylvia Plath, whose life ended in suicide from MDD). Some TV shows that come to mind are The Sopranos and Mad Men. In The Sopranos, the main character, Tony Soprano is diagnosed with Major Depression. In Mad Men, the wife of the main character, Don Draper, experiences a Major Depressive Episode caused by triggers surrounding his indiscretions. The exact causes of MDD are unknown. It is believed that chemical imbalances in the brain are responsible. This may be due by a problem with the genes; it can be triggered by stressful or tragic event or most likely a combination of both. Major Depression may also be brought on by some medical conditions such as an underactive thyroid, cancer, or long-term pain. It could also be trigged by substance abuse, certain medications such as steroids, sleeping problems, stressful life events such as the loss or illness of a loved one, child abuse, divorce, neglect,
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Depression is another mental health condition that can affect a person's mood, thoughts, and behavior. Perry also shows
1. List the possible triggers noted above for Mrs. MC’s Symptoms of depression? • Family distress as evidence by “She has been experiencing family problems with her husband and children for the last several months”. • Self-worth as evidence by “Now she feels so low that she has started smoking again, although she says she can 't really afford to”.
The DSM-5 indicates that individuals who meet the diagnostic criteria for Major Depressive Disorder must demonstrate five or more symptoms that are present simultaneously for at least a two week period, which are significantly different from their normal functioning, (Sadock, Sadock, & Ruiz, 2015). DSM-5 diagnostic criteria requires at least one of the symptoms to be depressed mood or the loss of interest in things that were once pleasurable. Research suggests that Major Depressive Disorder is highly recurrent. Many clients, who are diagnosed with Major Depressive Disorder, have elevated stress levels that cause them to experience recurrent episodes, (Bos, Bouhuys, Geerts, van Os, & Ormel, 2007; van Loo, Aggen, Gardner, & Kendler, 2014).
Depression is not merely feeling sad, or moody, but it is a serious mental disorder that affects a lot of people and requires treatment. It is one of the most common mental disorders in the United States that is caused by a combination of environmental, genetic, biological, and psychological factors. Moreover, depression is a debilitating disorder that affects a person’s daily life, including work, school, sleep, and diet that is usually treated with psychotherapy, medications, or both. Depression is of special interest to me because I am one of the people affected by this disease. I was diagnosed with major depressive disorder and anxiety about two years ago, but it took me a long time to seek help before I did.
Mild depression is often characterized by anxiety, obsessive thoughts or actions, lack of interest in activities that the person used to enjoy, mood swings, and a general blue mood. Changes in your lifestyle, diet, relaxation practices, a regular amount of sleep, and supplementing with certain vitamins and minerals can improve the symptoms of mild depression and help you get your life back. Another cause of depression can be the emotional pain felt after losing a loved one. In many cases the loss can be very traumatic.
The etiology of depression is a combo of genetics, social, and psychological (Grohol). This is not abnormal because the incidence of depression was recently found to be 9 percent in Americans by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Iliades, 2013). This illness manifests in a person by making a person show a negative difference in how one interacts in their daily life. A way to change a depressed lifestyle is to intervene with what one does in life. Emily Deans M.D states in her article Lifestyle Intervention for Depression that exercise and the sunshine can be ways to help when someone has depression.
These certainly include the role of genetic predisposition to depression. Nonetheless, as will be discussed, genetic vulnerability is only one of many triggers that may contribute to the expression of MD rather than being the only cause behind this mental health issue. Numerous factors play a role as either protective or risk factors thus impacting whether this genetic predisposition is then expressed. Yet, note that for episodes of MD, reasons do not act as causes. This means that understanding the disorder does not equal explanation to its causes but instead may help to draw a complete image of its symptoms (REF 3).
Concept of Depression The word depression is actually just an umbrella term for a number of different forms, from major depression to atypical depression to dysthymia. Depression: Causes feelings of sadness and/or a loss of interest in activities once enjoyed. It can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems and can decrease a person’s ability to function at work and at home. (For example : Thethe death of a loved one, loss of a job or the ending of a relationship are difficult experiences for a person to endure.
According to Merriam-Webster, depression is, “a serious medical condition in which a person feels very sad, hopeless and unimportant and is often unable to live in a normal way.” While much of this is true, many people with depression find ways to blend in and conform with the rest of society. The main issue with depression is not necessarily the symptoms,
Depression is a condition of low disposition and aversion to action that can influence someone 's contemplations, conduct, emotions and sense of well-being (Salmans, Sandra, 1997). People with depression can feel very sad, restless, sad, defenseless, useless, guilty. They might lose enthusiasm for activities that were once pleasurable, experience problems with the way they eat, for example they may experience overeating or decreased appetite. People with depressed mood may also have issues with their concentration, they may face problem on recalling details or deciding about something, and might think about, endeavor or commit suicide (Schmidt, Peter, (2005). There are many different reasons why someone may suffer from depression.
In the case study, the patient is diagnosed with depression when he goes to his GP nine months after his daughter’s death. Depression is a mood disorder, and according to the DSM-IV (1), a ‘major depressive episode’ is when an individual experiences at least two weeks of a depressed mood or anhedonia, with children and teenagers possibly experiencing irritability as opposed to sadness. In addition, at least four more symptoms must be present almost all day, every day, for a minimum of 2 weeks. Furthermore, the symptom(s) must be new or much worse than they had been before the depressive episode.
Depression is a common mental disorder, characterized by sadness, loss of interest or pleasure, having the feelings of guilt or low self-worth, having disturbed sleep or appetite, or feelings of tiredness, and having poor concentration. Fear of falling is also a commonly reported specific phobia in older adults that can develop in adulthood (Wolitzky-Taylor et al., 2010; Mohlman et al., 2012). Depression
Major depressive disorder occurred when the depression is serious and continue for two or more weeks. Those who suffer from this disorder might always feel sad, think negatively and loss of interest on everything. In serious cases, they might feel like want to commit in suicide. The treatments that could cure the psychological disorders can divided into Psychotherapy, Biomedical Therapy and Changing the Social Situation. However, combination therapy will be more effective in treatment.
It’s a mental illness that causes individuals to experience shifts in mood, energy, thinking and behavior; from the highs of mania, to the lows of depression. For many years Pat’s focus has been on himself because it seemed like Nikki never loved him for the person he was. In the movie he also admits that they went into marriage with the goal of changing each other. Pat keeps