Co-occurring disorders are common with most client cases that are presenting with a substance use disorder. Rosa is presenting with a history of several suicide attempts, alcohol use disorder, Post traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), and Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). The client’s most severe symptoms are anger, fear, and shame. It is these symptoms that are complicating her life, causing distress, and self harming behaviors. Additionally, her treatment history is limited since she does not finish her therapy sessions.
This can range from feeling irritable to shortness of breath. Where anxiety becomes a serious point of contention is when the feelings interfere with a person 's daily living. Sometimes, you will find that anxiety is the result that occurs from post-traumatic stress disorder. For example, if a person experienced a bad car accident. Luckily, you can treat both depression and anxiety using therapy and medication.
MDD is a mood disorder in which one would persistently feel sad and unable to find pleasure in formerly enjoyed activities (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). It affects patients’ physical condition, day-to-day functioning, and quality of life (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). According to American Psychiatric Association (as cited in Scrandis & Watt, 2013), diagnosis of MDD is made when patients present with depressed mood or absence of interest in daily activities for a minimum of two weeks and at least five other symptoms as explained in Appendix C, as well as alterations in prior functioning. MDD is considered a chronic illness and therefore require certain amount of time for treatment (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).
Some depression is brought on after years of physical, emotional or sexual abuse. In addition, many cases of depression are given birth by substance abuse, rather it be drugs or alcohol. Common factors causing the coma include pulmonary infections, cerebrovascular accidents, congestive heart failure, trauma, surgery and not taking prescribed thyroid medications. Certain drugs used to treat anxiety and depression also can cause the disease in patients with hypothyroidism. The coma is often seen in hypothyroid patients who have been hospitalized for other medical
Physical, Sexual, Verbal abuse have all been key factors for people to go into depression. These types of abuse cause people trauma, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress. Many who have experienced any of these types of abuse have to live with a lifetime of shame. Most people who go through such events never speak up; instead they keep it themselves. Those are usually the people who end up with depression, addictions, and dissociative disorders and most likely become suicidal.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder People suffering from generalized anxiety disorder suffer from a number of symptoms, (Comer, 2014) explains they may feel “restless, keyed up, or on edge; tire easily; have difficulty concentrating; suffer from muscle tension; and have sleep problems” (p.98). These symptoms usually last for weeks, and have to be of such intensity, that it disrupts daily activities. An unsubstantiated fear of losing a job, can cripple a usually productive employee to the point that they are afraid to aggressively preform their task, and it therefore reduces their activities to safe, barely minimum requirements, and stifles creativity. Anxiety can also disrupt family life, by not traveling, or taking vacations, because of the fear of tragedy striking, even though there is no risk of danger. Diagnostic criteria from the (DSM-5, 2013) general anxiety disorder as follows: A) Excessive anxiety and worry…occurring more days than not for at least 6 months… B) The individual finds it difficult to control the worry.
Those professionals who oppose MDMA use for psychotherapy argue that stimulants may cause many health problems that can bring patients into the hospital or complicate existing psychiatric conditions. For example, schizophrenia is more susceptible to recidivism, and panic attacks may increase in intensity and frequency. Chronic use of MDMA can lead to paranoid psychosis, but it usually disappears after a continuous period of abstinence. Some researchers suggest that MDMA use can lead to decline of cognitive ability in healthy young people. In general, they conclude that the described side effects are too dangerous for health and it is too irresponsible to include MDMA in Schedule III.
Some of the most common symptoms that would cause veterans to seek medication for are, chronic anxiety, nightmares, and flashbacks. The chronic anxiety could be triggered by depressed mood and pain, and or irritability due to pain. These are just a few reasons why the effects of prescribed drugs for veterans can cause unemployment and homelessness. Drugs like antidepressants can cause serious issues, antidepressants interact with the body and brain chemistry in a assortment of different ways, and can treat a number of conditions, and for vets with PTSD these drugs are mainly issued and prescribed to attack the effects of major depression disorders. With these antidepressants and depending on the chemical compounds that the medication contains, antidepressants can be described and classified by various types; which include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), and serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake (SNRIs).
The patient with Alzheimer’s disease can also be aggressive, in which they will lash out verbally or try to hit or hurt someone. The causes of agitation or aggression may include any of the following reasons (1): 1. Pain 2. Depression or stress 3. Constipation 4.
Even worse, BPD patients may damage themselves physically by burning or cutting their skin; suicide attempts are also prevalent. Around 8-10 percent of BPD patients actually kill themselves (Bayer 47). In other instances, life long handicaps are results from self-inflicted abuse or failed suicide attempts. Behavioral discrepancies in patients are often brought on by other’s threat of separation and rejection or by an expectation that a BPD patient must undertake greater responsibility (Bayer 47). A pattern of volatile, intense relations regularly accompanies Borderline Personality Disorder (Bayer 45).
Introduction Dysthymia is a chronic form of depression, affects patients, and I am interested in conducting research to come up with an effective treatment. In the DSM-5, dysthymia is referred to as the persistent depressive disorder (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Persistent depressive disorder (PDD) is characterized by a vast list of symptoms that may lead to a diagnosis of Mild Depressive Disorder. The co morbidity of both PDD and MDD is known as a double depression. PDD is also characterized by cognitive symptoms such as lack of sleep, appetite, low self-esteem as well as social withdrawal.
The Elderly and Depression Late onset depression is, one of the primarily diagnoses treated by psychiatrist in the patients over sixty. Depression in the elderly is often chronic and debilitating and can adversely affect the quality of life of the patient. According to Casey (2011) In general depression in the elderly is more chronic and persistent than depression earlier in life and often runs a chronic remitting course. Depression often is associated with aging but isn’t a result of the normal process of aging , As a result patient’s are easily misdiagnosed with depression when they actually have other illness such as dementia , or Alzheimer’s, Other contributory diseases or chronic illnesses are cancer, stroke, diabetes, hip fractures
When you undergo cancer treatment, your body may have reactions to the treatment, both physical and mental. Although mental changes may be harder to notice, they are just as significant as any physical changes. Some people may suffer from depression, because of their appearance or of their conditions. Having depression could be very serious and could stress them out.