I began with a Hegelian notion of alienation, but have since developed a more materialist conception. I have come to the conclusion that capitalism is what mediates social relationships of production through commodities, including labour, that are bought and sold on the market. Connection between persons such as workers or between workers and capitalists is corrupted. The possibility that one may give up ownership of one 's own labour, one 's capacity to transform the world, is tantamount to being alienated from one 's own nature. This loss is a prime example of false consciousness, the scenario where the ideology of the ruling class is embodied willfully by a subordinate class.
Writings of Karl Marx had formed the theoretical basis for communism and the continual debate against capitalism. Marx understood capitalism to be a system in which the means of production are privately owned and profit is generated by the sale of the proletariat’s labour. He considered it to be an unfair exploitation of hard work with alienated social interactions and purpose. I agree with Marx that capitalism is indeed unfair and alienating, because it concentrates wealth within a small group of people by exploiting the surplus value of workers’ labour, and creates an alienated workforce. Hence, this essay will first discuss the relevance of Marx’s perception of capitalism as an alienating and unfair system for the contemporary world, before examining the potential of governments to influence the extent of alienation and unfairness that occurs.
His analysis of the object like treatment of workers under capitalism, and the absence of concern for experiences and feelings. The gradual erosion of health through low substandard of living conditions may as well be regarded as a kind of slow physically abuse. Spiritual exploitation, on the other hand, is the heart of what Marx thinks is happening to workers, when they are deprived of control over the means of their self- definition as humans. The alienation of man from his work and from himself is the ultimatum of the capital
William Hazlitt in the essay, On the Pleasure of Hating, asserts his view on the way people need to have something to hate, to feel disgust for, to feel bigotry towards, and to overall have something other than the bland pool of neutrality to keep themselves entertained without a real meaning as to why they feel that need to respond to another being that way. Hazlitt supports these claims by giving the almost common knowledge usage of everyday examples such as referring to people of standing like Robert Owen who despite being a capitalist believed that the working man must first change himself in a sort of “self-help ethic”, or even calling attention to the fact that even things that we thought were of the greater good are usually smoke screens to the reality of how everything isn’t how it seems and sometimes even we disappoint and hate ourselves because of the expectations we have for others and the reliance we put upon things. Hazlitt’s purpose in my view is to inform of the many layers the world has and how even if we feel enlightened upon things around us
He believed that only the physical aspect of religion was emphasized; for example, priests would not tell worshippers that fasting not only meant abstaining from food, but also from the “flesh”, anger, hate, and other negative qualities (Erasmus 171). Erasmus claimed that man had the “free will” to either choose the “flesh”, which represented sin, or the “spirit”, which embodied the manifestation of Christ in man (Erasmus 49). Thus, personal beliefs and convictions, as well as individualism, were
In order the subscribe to Augustine’s argument, one needs to believe that envy, jealousy, malice, and hatred are emotions related to the absence of goodness as opposed to weaknesses that result as a consequence of the presence of a corollary to God’s goodness. These desires are a part of us as human beings, and humans are creations of God. While it is true that our free leads us to commit these acts, God created the desires to do evil that are hidden inside of people. If humans are innately good as a result of having a spiritual connection to God, then people should not have the desire to break the link with God. The source of evil, according to Saint Augustine, is our following corrupted desires and turning our backs on the love and goodness that God extends to us.
So anything they do they do have to reflect what Jesus preached and did like choosing to live his life like the poor to emphasize how unhealthy and selfish it is to live like a king when there are so many people that don’t have anything. On the other hand, mainstream Christianity uses their religion as a way to make them feel more superior than everyone else that doesn’t believe in exactly what they believe in. They use this belief of superiority to justify the domination of others like Christopher Columbus did to the Native Americans when he came to their land. He thought they were savages just because they were different than him and didn’t believe in the same God as him. Mainstream Christianity supports this idea that they are the only ones that deserve privilege.
For example the alienation correlated to religion can be easily explained by taking in consideration Judaism or even Christianity as according to Karl Marx, Christians are alienated from the life of God. In other words the continuous amount of sacrifices performed to achieve peace of mind ( accepting difficult situations-oppressions- without
Marx and Nietzsche both agreed that religion is unnecessary. Marx viewed religion as a form of dissent from the working class. He believed that using religion was an expression of the individual`s personal suffering. Therefore, humans made religion to run away from their daily problems, in the end creating more problems with the concept of religion itself. Marx viewed religion as something made by humans to provide reasoning and answers for their questions and desires.
In "Commodity Fetishism" , Marx argues that real social relations within a Capitalist Society are garbed under the presence of commodities. Commodities form an intrinsic and vital part of the capitalist society than the human labor. Marx explains that human labor gives value to the product but it appears as if the value results from the nature of the products. Within the capitalist society, value is attached to the commodity itself and no attention is paid towards the labor doled out to produce that commodity. Through his analysis, Marx explains that how a worker feels alienated from the commodity that she produces.
The Great Awakening unleashed a new wave of conversions driven by a desire to be cleansed of sin and avoid eternal punishment. These beliefs depend on a fear of God rather than sole worship, as He is portrayed to be a spiteful, all-powerful being. In my teaching, the fear of God was not placed within me. Instead, a deeper trust in God’s saving powers was instilled upon my beliefs, which attempted to draw belief from love rather than fear. God was portrayed as an all-loving being attempting to free us from the control of sin, which quite evidently contradicts the image of a vengeful God.
The temptations described in the Grand Inquisitor—miracle, mystery, and authority—were proposed to Christ to relieve men’s burden of free will and to bring upon the fall of mankind. Miracle is the trust in god and the belief in the mental suffering rather than the physical. Christ refuses to turn rock into food to show his trust in God and the insignificance in