Merton. The theory states that society puts pressure on individuals to achieve socially accepted goals (such as the American dream) though they lack the means, this leads to strain which may lead the individuals to commit crimes. Two major concerns in strain theory are the sources of the strain, stress or how people adapt to the strain. Positivism are theories of social and structure are strain theories. We see that this theory is also a macro level theory.
Fitzgerald shows how one’s American dream of becoming the wealthy class cannot be achieved due to greed. Gatsby’s love for Daisy reveals his desire to become apart of the wealthy class. As Gatsby expresses his true feelings about Daisy to Nick Carraway, Gatsby is attracted to Daisy’s “indiscreet voice” because “her voice is full of money” (120). “Indiscreet” is when one does or speak something carelessly or unwisely. Fitzgerald’s metaphor of comparing Daisy’s voice to “money” suggest how much Daisy values her wealth and status.
Values of a nation is not only what distinct them from others, but to be an influence toward their behaviors. Americans always want to express their individuality by competing with others; they want to define themselves among many other Americans. Moreover, individualism within the America’s core values can be seen throughout the way American keeps their privacy. American likes to create quality time for themselves and think less about having to be with another person. Especially, Americans find it irritating when someone, maybe from another culture and don’t really understand their privacy, trying to cross a certain boundary.
The company thrives on the fact that most teenagers and young adults have an ideation to stand out amongst their peers. The consumers of Hot Topic buy from them because their clothes represent an identity that is against popular culture. In Thomas Frank’s “Commodify Your Dissent” he says, “consumerism is no longer about “conformity” but about “difference” (153). In other words, Frank is saying that nobody wants to be the same as everybody else, so we are all trying to be different which is what teens and young adults think when they shop at Hot
Once everything is defined, one must now weigh their options, and evaluate the outcome of the actions. Finally, one must choose the option that permits the greatest balance of good overall, so to choose any other action would be considered immoral. That being said, a utilitarian does not always have to choose the option that benefits the most people, since the goal is to bring about the least amount of misery; besides, the benefit of helping the majority may bring a greater cost of well-being to the minority. Additionally, utilitarianism is associated with consequentialism, as they both concur that the results of one 's actions signify whether it was morally right or wrong. In doing so, they must consider the effects to as far as they go into the future.
Gatsby wanted to gain Daisy by showing her his power and wealth, his aim was to impress her and buy her expensive products to win her back. Gatsby was so deep inside the materialistic life that he only tried to impress her with his wealthy lifestyle, forgetting to urge her love
Yes, the American Dream was that every US citizen should have an equal opportunity to achieve success and prosperity through hard work, determination, and initiative. However, going about it the under the wrong circumstances and reasons, the desire to live this dream is bound to destroy you in the long run. With the help of the art piece,” Immigrants Arriving at Ellis Island” my understanding of the decline of the American Dream expanded. The reason being that they represent the aftermath of trying to live the American Dream life under the wrong circumstances and reasons. In a nutshell, the desire for something can cause people to be someone they’re not which doesn’t result in a positive outcome.
These countries thought it would be better to destroy their own economy instead of actually working for themselves and becoming a better country on it’s own. Instead of reward failure we need reward a country not for being that bad but getting better and not just because they switch to the same government as the United
America has become a society of victims, because people believe they have been prevented from achieving. Blaming others have become so much easier than working through the disappointments and the frustrations they all experience in achieving what they want from life.
Gatsby and Nick have a conversation about Daisy’s personality and values. Fitzgerald makes Gatsby realize that Daisy’s “voice is full of money” (120). Concentrating on the negative aspects of the desire for money, Fitzgerald employs materialistic motif to convey how American citizens search through their society to find more wealth that can bring them up to a higher class. A higher social status is seen as the way to reach happiness, but it is a false sense of happiness that they are experiencing. In addition, Fitzgerald utilizes the materialistic motif to establish how the wealthy create their social lives around wealth.