Geography not only plays a part in the spread of a religion but also can be inspiration or reflection for the religion itself. Many societies have numerous deities inspired by the landscape in and around their civilization. However, I believe not all religions drew inspiration from the land they lived in. Mesopotamian societies had multiple gods. Most deities represented cosmic forces of nature such as the sun, moon, water, and storms who were responsible for the creation of the earth (World Societies p. 36). There were also gods of lesser things such as love and scribal arts. Looking at Mesopotamia’s geography, you can see how it might have served as inspiration for deities. The Euphrates and Tigris rivers surrounding Babylon could’ve been inspirations for the many water gods like Apsu, Enki, and Tiamat, as could the Persian Gulf located nearby. In the Epic of Gilgamesh, the gods are depicted as harsh and wrathful because they decide to wipe out the human race with a flood just because they make too much noise (Ward p.20). The gods’ destructive nature is likely based off the chaos caused by flooding from the Tigris and Euphrates. Storm gods like Marduk could’ve been connected to the Zagros mountain range nearby where lighting and …show more content…
If you look at the pantheon of gods from the Hindu period, you’ll see most of them are based off of concepts rather than natural forces. In Hinduism, there are three main gods: Brahma, the creator; Shiva, the cosmic destroyer; and Vishnu, the preserver and sustainer of creation (World Societies p.77). None of these gods seem to reflect any sort of geographical influence in them, rather being a reflection of metaphysical concepts like unity, creation, death, and reincarnation. Other ancient Indian religions such as Jainism and Buddhism don’t even have gods, rather they have central figures like Siddhartha Guatma whose teachings are the basis of
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These previous religions mostly included ones from Mesopotamia. However, in the new religion that was made, there was not a huge difference from spiritual Gods to things in the real world. Some Gods included: God of the fire, God of the rain, God of the water, God of the corn, God of the sky, and God of the sun There were also agricultural Gods A lot of people sacrificed themselves to these Gods, too
Unlike Christianity and Catholicism, the Mesoamerican religions consisted of numerous deities that made up the different elements of the universe. Some of the most powerful and common among those being the gods of the Sky, Sun, and Underworld for example. Vegetation also played a key role in religion as each part of the plant had sacred life forces within them that were consistent with patterns of rebirth, an event that proved vital for
The rivers that these civilizations were built around directly impacted the way they viewed their gods. The Nile was a very strong and reliable river. It flooded annually blessing the Ancient Egyptians with a richer agriculture then Ancient Mesopotamians. (pg 17) Because of this the Egyptians viewed their gods as reliable beings who wanted to help them.
Their gods each had a certain role or reason for being worshiped. For example: Viracocha was the god of creation, but he wasn’t the most widely worshiped, nor was he the most powerful. The Incas believed that Inti, the Sun God was most powerful and mighty. Inti had created heat, light, life and fertility to the Incas crops. Below Inti was the Moon, the Sun's wife.
Geography influences the relationships among places and people through time, which is evident through the geographic influences that have had an impact on the basic cultural characteristics in Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and Rome. In Mesopotamia, the geography that the Sumerians lived upon provided them with a culture that learned to feel unsafe and fearful of the world that surrounded them. A main reason that Sumerians believed that they were unsafe in the world was due to the heavy rainfall surging into the rivers in the north. According to Kidner, the heavy rainfall “also sometimes flooded the cities without any warning and Mesopotamians lived in constant fear of floods,” which caused the Sumerians to be afraid of the natural world that surrounded them. The Sumerians also feared raids and attacks from outsiders, giving the Sumerians a feeling of a life that was full of uncertainties.
Riley Jones Religions of the same geographic origins tend to have similar codes of behavior and reasons that people exist today. A person traveling through the many regions of Asia may encounter the many religions and the beliefs of each religion. South Asia includes the religions of Hinduism and Buddhism, and East Asia has the religions of Confucianism and Taoism. South and East Asia’s religions focus more on the life around a follower and the path he chooses to take. These religions are centered around acceptable behaviors in the religion.
Religion played an important role in civilization as government laws and divine kingship derived from it. Both civilizations were quite similar, but acquired some differences unique to each civilization. These differences include the environment, divine kingship, and sense of security from either nature or law. The idea and practices of ancient Mesopotamia originated from the Sumerians. Moreover, both Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilization diffused their practices and ideas to other ancient civilizations like the Hebrews and the Greeks.
The Resemblance and Distinctness in Hades and Hel Myths and legends served as bases for cultures of old and largely reflect the civilization they derive from. An undeniably extensive part of a culture is the gods that they prayed to and feared. Nations used gods and aspects of gods to demonstrate their way of life, terrors, ambitions, and to explain the strange occurrences in life. A great example of this reflection comes from the lore of the Nordic and Greek people. The Nordic goddess Hel and the Greek god Hades serve as prime examples of what these cultures had in resemblance and in polarity.
Ancient people being unaware about the outside world created for themselves the hierarchy of Gods to ask for protection and support. Example: Paganism had a tendency to be polytheistic. People worshipped a variety of gods and goddesses, spirits representing national and local heroes, as well as natural phenomena. Pagans also honored their ancestry and ancestors.
The Resemblance of Gods and Humans Throughout all religions, gods have always been seen as superior in every way possible. The division between humans and gods has always been prevalent and prominent. However, when the actions and motives of these gods are truly analyzed, it will become evident that the gods of Greek Mythology merely behave as humans with supernatural powers.
Religion has played a fundamental role in determining not only social structures but also individual behavioural patterns throughout much of the known world. Pagan nations, before the advent of the Abrahamic religions, viewed their gods as primal beings, possessive of many human traits, such as cunning, wiliness, and, as such, they tended to act in a manner that reflected this, offering up physical gifts to the gods, rather than requesting help through abstract rituals. However, the Abrahamic religions changed much of this, with the concept of god changing to being a more spiritual deity; an abstract entity, rather than a physical being. In Christianity, the concept of God has changed over time, branching out, and allowing for different interpretations,