Ancient Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt were two early human civilizations that lived during the bronze age in harsh desert environments located not far from each other. Both civilizations were built around rivers that they depended on for survival. There is evidence that these rivers had great influence on both the societies politics and culture. Egypt was built around the very strong and reliable Nile River. Ancient Mesopotamia was established in the fertile crescent between the less reliable Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. During the bronze age both Ancient Mesopotamians and Ancient Egyptians developed forms of religion that highly reflected their habitat. They had many similarities in their politics even though they had completely different forms of government. Both societies were also known for their discoveries in art and technology. They developed their own forms of writing, different tools and architecture.
Ancient civilizations began in areas that had arable land and other features such as rivers. Civilizations succeeded in these environments because they could settle down and not live a nomadic lifestyle. Because the land was arable, agriculture prospered and people relied on the geography to grant them the elements needed for survival. In China and Egypt, geography greatly influenced and affected the lives of the people living there because of the prosperous rivers and large natural barriers.
Their gods each had a certain role or reason for being worshiped. For example: Viracocha was the god of creation, but he wasn’t the most widely worshiped, nor was he the most powerful. The Incas believed that Inti, the Sun God was most powerful and mighty. Inti had created heat, light, life and fertility to the Incas crops. Below Inti was the Moon, the Sun's wife.
Civilization is the cooperation between individuals within a region. The first civilizations were Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilizations. Both civilizations acquired a different environment. However, their environment promoted religion, specifically polytheism. Although their environments were different, both civilizations were in harmony about the existence of many gods. Religion played an important role in civilization as government laws and divine kingship derived from it. Both civilizations were quite similar, but acquired some differences unique to each civilization. These differences include the environment, divine kingship, and sense of security from either nature or law. The idea and practices of ancient Mesopotamia originated from the Sumerians. Moreover, both Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilization diffused their practices and ideas to other ancient civilizations like the Hebrews and the Greeks. The laws from the Mesopotamian civilization were diffused into the Hebrew civilization as the Exodus. Both Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilization also influenced the Greeks with the idea that the gods were in control of the fate of humans and the environment. In addition, the Greek idea of gods evolved, which was not identical to both Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilizations.
The Mesopotamian and Hebrew societies lived in two very distinct sphere of influence, as they were Polytheist and monotheist, respectably. This difference ensured that each society would operate using different methods.
Ancient people being unaware about the outside world created for themselves the hierarchy of Gods to ask for protection and support. Example: Paganism had a tendency to be polytheistic. People worshipped a variety of gods and goddesses, spirits representing national and local heroes, as well as natural phenomena. Pagans also honored their ancestry and ancestors.
The Resemblance of Gods and Humans Throughout all religions, gods have always been seen as superior in every way possible. The division between humans and gods has always been prevalent and prominent. However, when the actions and motives of these gods are truly analyzed, it will become evident that the gods of Greek Mythology merely behave as humans with supernatural powers.
Religions with common geographic origins have been known to share codes of behavior, views of nature, and reasons for existence. Three great geographic center of religious origins included Southwestern Asia, where Islam, Judaism, and Christianity originated. Also, East Asia, where Confucianism and Taoism originated, and South Asia, which included Hinduism and Buddhism. Religions associated with South West Asia center on a single supreme authority and seem to be less flexible when it comes to interpretation of religion. Religions associated with South Asia and East Asia appear to be more philosophical and focus on relationships with nature and are more flexible when it comes to interpretation.
For centuries civilization has evolved and spread across the globe, causing for many cultures, traditions, and especially religions to develop. Even in ancient societies such as Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt, religion was one of, if not, the most important aspect of an individual 's life. The religions found in Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt would shape how relationships within society functioned, including how communities related themselves to the divine and the role of leaders and priests. Furthermore, these religions would also affect how each of these societies thought about justice and even influenced attitudes toward the afterlife.
The comparison between the Middle East, China, and Africa resembled in abounding ways. One way they all relate was through their religion: they are all polytheistic, the belief in more than one deity. The people believed that these deities, sometimes their ruler, controlled the forces of nature. For example, if there is a period of drought, they would pray to the gods
Unlike Christianity and Catholicism, the Mesoamerican religions consisted of numerous deities that made up the different elements of the universe. Some of the most powerful and common among those being the gods of the Sky, Sun, and Underworld for example. Vegetation also played a key role in religion as each part of the plant had sacred life forces within them that were consistent with patterns of rebirth, an event that proved vital for
Religion has played a fundamental role in determining not only social structures but also individual behavioural patterns throughout much of the known world. Pagan nations, before the advent of the Abrahamic religions, viewed their gods as primal beings, possessive of many human traits, such as cunning, wiliness, and, as such, they tended to act in a manner that reflected this, offering up physical gifts to the gods, rather than requesting help through abstract rituals. However, the Abrahamic religions changed much of this, with the concept of god changing to being a more spiritual deity; an abstract entity, rather than a physical being. In Christianity, the concept of God has changed over time, branching out, and allowing for different interpretations,