Minimum Legal Drinking Age
The debate concerning the Minimum Legal Drinking Age (MLDA) has set Americans into disagreement. While many argue that 18 is the appropriate age many contradict this by saying that 21 is a better option. There is always been a debate about the issue, in 1971 when the voting age was changed to 18, also the MLDA was changed to 18. A decade after in 1984 to be exact Congress passed the National Minimum Legal Drinking Age. The new law prohibits people under 21 to buy or consume alcohol in all states. If states did not rise their MLDA to 21 then they will see a cut in the federal highway founding. Later that year all 50 states and the District of Columbia rise the MLDA to 21 after being faced with strong financial incentive …show more content…
“Students in states that had a MLDA of 18 had a 13 times greater chance of dropping out of high school compared to states with an MLDA of 21”. As previously mentioned high schoolers are less likely to drop out of school because they are less likely to become addicted to alcoholic beverages. Additionally students who do not consume alcohol are more focus on school than students who drink even when it is only once in awhile. Also, by graduating from high school students are more likely to continue their educational career and to be successful in their future. It is not like students who drink con not do this but just a few of them would be capable of achieving this before getting carried away with alcohol. Again, students who graduate from high school or college are less likely to have an addiction with any substance, one of them being …show more content…
“Since the developing adolescent brain is affected differently by alcohol than the adult brain, the 21 year-old drinking age protects adolescents and young adults from the its potentially negative consequences”. The human brain is not fully develop until the age of about 25 years old. If alcohol is used at an early age than the development of it can be affected causing many health problems for the person who is consuming alcohol. If the brain is affected an adolescent brain is worse at remembering things that an adult brain that has been fully develop and is not as damaged. Equally important the brain that has been in contact with alcohol is more likely to have memory loss or trouble remembering when the person is at an advanced
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In 1984 Congress passed the National Minimum Purchase Act. The law was passed to urge states to change their legal drinking age to 21. Congress assumed that if they raised the legal drinking age it would save a lot of lives. They believed that 21-year old’s stood more mature than an 18-year-old. I personally believe that was a big mistake,
Both supporters and opponents of the MLDA of 21 have many arguments supporting their own sides and arguments to counter their opposition’s. Does a minimum drinking age take away people’s freedom? Or does it insure that they will have a chance to live out their lives? Both sides will always find arguments to counter their opposition so this may continue to go around in circles forever. But with 77% of people supporting a MLDA of 21, there isn’t much hope for opposers.
One main point that is argued is that younger brains are more susceptible to alcohol consumption and by lowering the drinking age, it would be approving the damage that alcohol causes in the developing brain. Emotional development, organization, and planning are all affected by alcohol consumption. Though it’s true that kids will still likely drink, that doesn’t mean society needs to approve of that decision. Another argument that is used is that more people drinking could create more unsafe environments. When people have too much alcohol, their decision-making skills are extensively lowered.
Now most of these are not significant increases but are still evidence that shows the increase in visits after MLDA. We have a total of approximately 9.6% increase in self-inflicted injuries, a total of approximately 2.2% in assaults, and a total of approximately 3.4% increase in external injuries. All these were recorded while the person was under the influence of alcohol. The one major increase we can all see as the minimum legal drinking age has gone down is that the number of alcohol poisoning related visits has significantly gone up in numbers, for males and females. In males, we saw an increase of about 17.3% in alcohol poisoning related visits to the hospital.
People have said that if the drinking age was lowered it was lower the risk of everything else that is happening with alcohol problems. For example, more than one hundred and thirty people have signed a petition initiated in the 2008 in support of the idea. Since the mid 1930’s, the legal drinking age in the United States has been set at twenty-one. At some point there was no uniform drinking age, with some states choosing eighteen, nineteen and even twenty as the legal age for drinking. Back then, it was safe to drink because everyone knew everyone.
A higher Minimum Legal Drinking Age (MLDA) is effective in preventing alcohol-related deaths and injuries among teenagers and youth. When the MLDA has been lowered, injury and death rates increase, and when the MLDA is increased, death and injury rates decline (Wagenaar, 1993). In addition, a common argument among opponents of a higher MLDA is that because many minors still drink and purchase alcohol, the policy isn't working on minors. The evidence shows, however, that although many youth still consume alcohol, they still drink less and experience fewer alcohol-related injuries and deaths (Wagenaar, 1993). There is also an argument comparing the European alcohol and drunk diving among the youth compared to the United
In some countries, like in Europe the drinking age is set at 18. Even though people in the US think this is insane, this set age has more positive effects than people think it would. It is known that binge drinking is a problem in the US since it has the highest rate in the world for binge drinking. In Europe, teenagers get their license at age 18, and some drinking ages are lower than that, they figure out how to control their drinking before the drive. Unlike in the US, kids drink and then drive because they either have to be home by curfew or they are too scared to call their parents for a ride, and admit they had been under the
Each year, approximately 5,000 persons under the age of 21 die from causes related to underage drinking. These deaths include about 1,600 homicides and 300 suicides. This would also help bring back the great reputations of many college institutions from
By the time they are high school seniors, seventy-two percent teenagers say they have already consumed alcohol. Proper education at younger ages is needed for our country’s youth to learn the proper use of alcohol through experimentation with their own limits in safe environments.
One con of lowering the drinking age is that it may interfere with the development of an young individual’s brain. Especially the frontal lobes, emotional regulation, planning, and also organization. When a young adult consumes alcohol it increases the potential of having chronic issues, like greater vulnerability to addiction. It also plays a role in depression, violence, and reduced decision making ability (Ives2008).
In the United States, turning 18 is a huge step for people as it marks individuals entering the adult world. At that age they are considered an adult in society. Open to more liberties, these young adults can drive, vote, join the military, and die for their country; however, they cannot possess or purchase alcohol. The current minimum legal drinking age, also known as MLDA, in America is 21. Numerous debates still occur today about the minimum drinking age.
In a good number states, the lawful drinking age is 21 years. Bars and clubs are therefore forbidden from selling alcohol to people under the lawful age. Elusive youths however continue to drink illegally, mostly in houses where chances of arrest are almost impossible. Also notable is the involvement of organizations which have embarked on campaigns to reduce drunk driving. Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) for example is an organization that seeks to reduce drunk driving among the youths through campaigns, seminars and other educative forums meant to create awareness.
It apears that children who exprienced drinking at young age will also continously and habitually drink in the future once they grow up. They do not simple do this occasionally but it has become a frequent and habitual addiction (Christiansen et al. 7). In totality, drinking alcoholic beverages of teenagers is not is unhealthy, unsafe, and unacceptable. More and likely teens that drink are trailing behind in their education because of how alcohol affects them so bad. Some parents allow their children drink alcoholic beverages under certain circumstances with their
Another risk of drinking at a younger age is the increased chance of addiction, studies have shown that the earlier an individual start drinking the higher the chances are of becoming an alcoholic. One of the last reasons the legal drinking age should stay at twenty-one is possibly the biggest reason why it is. Driving under the influence is one of the leading causes of accidents in the US, killing approximately one person every fifty-two minutes. The age group of sixteen- nineteen-year-olds are three times more likely to be in a fatal crash, due to the involvement of alcohol, than someone in their twenties. One of the leading causes of DUI’s is peer pressure, usually from teenagers attempting to impress friends or acquaintances.