In history, a frequent topic of debate is the legacy that the Mongol Empire left behind. It can easily be argued that they were nothing but murderous barbarians, a monotonous war machine. This is proven by the fact that they used biological warfare at the Siege of Caffa in 1346. The Mongols catapulted disease ridden corpses into the city of Caffa to spread the Black Plague into the city.(Wheelis) They also killed millions in the cities and towns that they raided(Rummel). The Mongols were guilty of crimes against humanity as they encouraged the spread of the Black Plague and slaughtered millions of innocent people in their military campaigns.
The new themes of encounter and exchange did not come without the warfare, violence and confusion that plagued China as the Sung dynasty struggled to fight back against the Mongols. After the suicide of the last Southern Sung emperor, all of China was united by Mongol rule (Gernet 717). The tragic death of one man marked the beginning of a new era. For the first time ever, foreign people conquered the entirety of China. Never before had the Chinese government been completely replaced by an unknown system ruled by outsiders (Fitzgerald 181). The grandiose dynasty created by Kublai Khan was one of the best in the 13th century. As Marco Polo described it, “I repeat that everything appertaining to this city is on so vast a scale, and the Great
About 4,860,000 square miles of Asia was conquered by Genghis Khan from 1162 to 1227 (Document A). Europeans knew the Mongols as barbaric people because their customs approved in their culture. The Mongols were very civilized though. Not many other armies were as organized as the Mongols. In order to have such an organized army, Genghis Khan had to divide his army. Every ten people had one group leader who
Genghis Khan ambles through the streets of peaceful Karakorum, greeting all his steadfast warriors. Among the Mongols are thousands of Chinese, Russians, Polish, Hungarians, and many more flooding the streets. Ordinarily, all of these people are going somewhere: to the glorious temples, the bustling markets, or to the distinguished Genghis Khan walking through his empire. The Mongol Empire, built with Genghis 's own blood, sweat, and unyielding perseverance, was what he dreamed the world could be, what he believed it would be. Genghis Khan led the Mongols not just to victory but assisted in the development of our world today. Moreover, the Mongols were a civilized nation because of the peaceful reign called Pax Mongolica, Khan 's religious tolerance, and their ingenious
The Mongols had one of the largest land empires in history though this did not come easily to them. The Mongols had a large influence on both the political and economic systems of Russia and China for a period of time though in Russia, rulers still had control of their land and were left to rule themselves to an extent whereas in china the Mongols affected them more by controlling them
You could walk down the silk road with a gold plate dangling from your camel and not have to worry about thieves at all in the slightest bit. The mongol empire lasted from 1260 - 1368 a.d. starting with Genghis Khan and ending with kublai Khan. After they conquered China they had a lasting impact.Though it only lasted a short while the mongol empire had a positive impact especially with its Silk Road.
The Mongols conquered many places and as they conquered and took land they left their mark to be remembered. They conquered 14,815,000 square miles from 1162-1821 (document 1). As the Mongols passed through the towns and cities they were conquering they left millions of casualties. A
Chinggis Khan unified the mongols, and he started to pay attention to the parts of central Asia and the societies that settled around there. They attacked Turkish people that ruled Tibet, Northern China, Persia, and Central Asia. Chinggis extended the mongol rule to Northern China, since 1127 C.E, but the conquest began in 1211 C.E. In 1215 they captured Jurchen and in 1220 the mongols had control over China. Khubilai extended the mongol rule to all of china and in 1279 Chinggis proclaimed himself ruler. The Mongols in Persia conquered the area by having one half on the army in northern China while the other half was sent to Afghanistan and Persia. Shah did not like Chinggis and ordered to murder him, but failed. The next year Chinggis gathered his army for revenge. He chased Khwarazm Shah to the island in the Caspian Sea, where he died. They shattered Shah’s army and they took control. The second difference between the two is the restrictions to the non-Mongol. The non-Mongols in China were not able to learn the mongolian language. The non-Mongols in Persia did not have restrictions. The last difference is the result of Mongols in the area. In Persia the result of the Mongols was that they were able to trade. The result of the Mongols in China is also trade, but they also mixed culture, so the Mongols became a part of
The Mongolian Empire at its height was one of the largest empires the world had ever seen. Stretching from the Eastern coast of China all the way to Poland, the Mongol empire had extreme and significant influence and strength, bringing some of the largest empires in Eurasia at the time to their knees, and they assumed control without hesitation. The conquest of two of those empires in particular, China and Russia, were similar as the Mongols were very destructive and ruthless in their campaign to bring the two great empires under their dominion. Although the conquest of the empires were very destructive, the Mongols facilitated trade in both empires leading to a period of prosperity known as Pax Mongolica. Even though both empires had been defeated by the
First, in political aspects, some said the mongols have a negative impact on Europe , as they changed the political history of Europe, especially of Russia, because of their ruling in conquered countries. Genghis Khan used the psychological warfare, the terror tactics, to deal with the resistance: surrender or die. The Mongols usual policy was slaughtered and depopulated the entire cities that resisted, and
His reign led to many rebellions, which obviously caused many people to lose their lives. If you resisted and your life ended, the lives of your relatives could also be taken to weed out any possible traitors. (Which I found rather brutal.) Also, if one were to be conquered and not killed, enslaved, or imprisoned, they’d be taxed heavily. As stated before, the Mongols were ordered to destroy the farmlands to make room for pasture, which led to the starvation of many people. Another problem was that many foreigners were accepted into Mongol controlled regions, which exposed natives to diseases that they had never experienced; this led to the death of many people, whose immune systems could not keep
Mongol armies tore through most of the ancient world throughout the 13th century. Pillaging and plundering every nation in their path, the Mongols left an impressive wake of destruction and death. The Mongols shook the world with the impact of their conquests, but not of their influence was negative. Overall the Mongols brought much needed change in politics and commerce to both China and the Middle East.
The Mongols reached broad extents of land, having four Khanates in Russia, Persia, Central Asia, and China, creating contacts with other parts of the known world(Document A). Because of this, public relations associating trade and commerce were set in motion. The Mongols traded among Asia and Europe for centuries during their establishment, and it was what initially led them to subdue China(Document I). While it is recognizable that the conquest of China was through terrorism, attaining that area opened numerous doors for commerce. As China was a treasure to travelers such as Marco Polo, the Great Khan Kubilai welcomed the traveler to bring Christians with him(Document H). This displays the Mongol characteristic of adaptation and acceptance towards new cultures and ideas, implementing diversity. When the Mongols conquered most of Asia, including China and Persia, they also gained control of the continental caravan routes, which were essential to their lucrative commerce(Document J). It is a misconception that the Mongols, a successful empire that excelled in it varied commerce and trade, was barbaric due to the mature level of tolerance required for peaceful public
The Mongols have made a negative impact to all of us in one way or another. Some ways worse than others. Some of the things Genghis Khan has done may be cruel and wrong, but was what he had to do to be a great leader. The Mongolians ruled from 1260 to 1368 C.E, they were located in Mongolia, in the Northern China area.
Throughout the thirteenth century, the Mongols, who had previously been a nomadic tribe of people, conquered most of Asia, including China’s imperial capital. During its acme, the Mongol empire stretched from the borders of Eastern Europe all the way to the yellow sea. Whether it was by destruction or other people surrendering, the Mongols always obtained the land if they really wanted. In such a short amount of time, the Mongols conquered so much territory by using tactics of violence, fear, and by having obedient soldiers that always followed the orders of their commanders.