The Great War started on 28th of July, 1914 and ended up on 11thof November, 1918, so, almost four and a half years witnessed this great destructive war resulting in around 16 million deaths.The mortality rate was very high because of greater involvement of science and technology. Mordis Eksteins in his book Rites of Springcomments that, “Europe slumped into a monumental melancholy . . . and the utopian social dreams evoked by wartime rhetoric were brutally erased by inflation, unemployment and widespread deprivation, not to
Can an antiquated lens provide an adequate examination and understanding of modern warfare? The theories of Carl von Clausewitz retain remarkable contemporary merit and relevance in explaining the critical elements affecting warfare in the modern era. Carl von Clausewitz’s theories of war endeavor to be comprehendible, comprehensive, and strategic. Clausewitz contends that the conduct of war itself is without doubt very difficult. But the difficulty is not that erudition and great genius are necessary to understand the basic principles of warfare.1 Clausewitz 's 1812 essay, the Principles of War, offers military commanders, with little campaign experience, a comprehendible, comprehensive, and strategic model for attaining victory in battle.
The rules of jus ad bellum serve as principles to determine when war and the use of violence are justifiable. Only when the criteria of jus ad bellum are met can the use of violent force be permitted (Maiese; 2003). o Last resort: A state may only choose to launch a war if all peaceful settlements do not work. It needs to be made certain, war is only declared when it seems like the last concrete and sensible resolution (Maiese; 2003). o Legitimate authority: The authorities have to make the decision, make it public to the citizens and the enemy, then only may a state go to war (Orend; 2005).
Clausewitz was proposing that if states perceive war as something that is a necessary step so that they can promote their own interests and power, well then they will use it as a rational political tool. Kenneth Waltz and other modern realists have further built on Clausewitz idea of what causes wars and have also furthered and added to the idea. In Kenneth Waltz’s writing in “Man, the State and War”, he sets out three interconnected images of what causes wars. The first one, which keeps in line with a classical realist thought, is war has its origins in flawed human nature. This suggest that “the evilness of men, or their improper behaviour, leads to war” (Waltz, 2001, p.39).
War has many sides, and our view towards war can change according to the face we look at. Keith Otterbein, an anthropologist, emphasized weapons, not motives in his definition of war. His definition of warfare was more towards the system, with the hierarchy structure and professional soldiers (Chalquist). However, it does not mean the definition of war is limited to such view. What if we focus on the motives of war to define it?
War has changed since the beginning of time and since history was recorded over 1 billion people have died just from violence. Learning from the past is how wars are changed. Kollege is power and learning from previous mistakes is the reason that wars are being fought differently. Then new thoughts of human life, and how to preserve them, have made trust crucial for a strong military. And even helping those who have fought find a way to deal with the horrors they experienced during their time serving our country.
It deals with why nations go to war, and it pertains with the conduct of war. Scholars have identified two (2) reasons for the “just war” theory which are known as “Jus Ad Bellum” (the right to go to war) and “Jus In Bello” (the right conduct of war).
Casualties of war can be less than a hundred or more than sixty millions (Golingai) (White). These are the reasons why people perceive war as gory, uncontrollable and ruinous. Nevertheless, there are two sides for every coin. Without war, there will not be fast technological advancement such as stainless steel, plastic surgery, microwave ovens and the internet (Evans) (Schellhase). Revolutionary wars light up the flame of independence,
Is it ever justifiable to resort to war? In this essay I will look at the question, is it ever justifiable to resort to war? I will look at both arguments for the justification of war and the arguments against. However before I do so I will explain what war is, how it happens and what types of war there is. ‘’War is a condition of armed conflict between two or more parties’’ (Heywood, 2011, p-241).
Mankind discriminate other human races, whereby our previous generations declare war against each other. Then we reduce polarization, thus giving rise to full-scale and multinational developments these days. The Holocaust, in the course of this essay, will elucidate my viewpoint.