Hurthle Cell Carcinoma Hurthle cell carcinoma is a rare type of thyroid cancer that has a bad prognosis (outlook). Under the microscope, Hurthle cells are cells that look bigger than the usual follicular cells of the thyroid. There are several options of treatment for this type of thyroid malignancy, but it is important that it is recognized and treated early. Part 1: What Is Hurthle Cell Carcinoma? Hurthle cell carcinoma makes up only about three percent of all cancers affecting the thyroid gland.
If cure is not possible, chemotherapy may be given to minimize the discomfort caused by cancer or slow the progression of the disease to prolong the patient's life (palliative treatment). Types of Chemotherapy Drugs Just like scalpels, lasers, and electric currents are used in surgery, the weapons used to fight cancer in chemotherapy are a host of anti-cancer drugs. How differently these drugs kill cancer cells, or prevent them from dividing, depends on their classification. Drugs in the same class kill cancer cells by the same mechanism: they all attack the same target within the cell. Depending on the type of cancer and the kind of drug used, chemotherapy drugs may be administered differently.
The second treatment is called immunoglobulin therapy, which is receiving healthy Immunoglobulin from blood. It is a antibody capable of removing bacteria and viruses from the immune system. If a donor donates enough, the immunoglobulin can stop the immune system from attacking itself and the peripheral
Radiation therapy is not necessarily better than chemotherapy or surgery, as it has both benefits and risks. Instead, choosing the right treatment depends on the case of each individual patient. Chemotherapy, which utilizes drugs delivered to the entire body, prevents the cancer cells from spreading. On the other hand, surgery and radiation therapy target one specific area. Often times, patients will undergo chemotherapy or radiation therapy to shrink the tumor before getting surgery to remove it entirely.
Neuro enhancer drugs are also effective in treating depression and other psychological issues. These drugs are not used for their original medical purpose but for boosting brain power. Although, it is widely believed that drugs generally raises many ethical issues related to safety, coercion, and distributive
Invasive cancers are more likely to spread and are harder to treat. Bladder cancers are divided into several types based how their cells look under a microscope (pathological classification): 1. Transitional cell (urothelial) carcinoma (TCC): This is the most common type of bladder cancer. As about 95% of bladder cancers are TCC. The transitional cell carcinomas cells look like the urothelial cells that line the inside of the bladder. Urothelial cells also line other parts of the urinary tract, such as the lining of the kidneys, ureters, and urethra, so TCC can also occur in these organs.
While some patients may not be concerned with the long-term consequences due to an already poor quality of life, new findings are warning they need to worry of the effects it will have on their future children. Because gene therapy is designed to permanently replace a malfunctioning gene, there is a looming risk the transferred gene may eventually rebel or pass on devastating mutations to the coming generations
Early use of conservative therapy helps in slowing the progress of renal disease. Dialysis and transplantation are the treatment of choice if serum creatinine level are consistently above 8mg/dl. The use of chronic dialysis reduces the severity and complications of disease. Over the past 30 yrs, dialysis has prolonged the lives of thousands of patient with renal insufficiency. Unfortunately even optimal dialysis therapy is not panacea, because some disturbances resulting from impaired renal
However, it cannot cure all the diseases (Gene therapy). One of the things that gene therapy can cure is cancer, at least some of them. In general cancer is a type of cell division that is out of control and can invade other tissues. The cancer cells can then spread throughout the body through the body stream and the lymph system. There are over a 100 different types of cancer.