There are a variety of symptoms with MS. They can be temporary and minor, or they can be more persistent and problematic. Symptoms of MS can be problems with bladder, bowels, pain, sensations, cramps, spasticity, fatigue, cognition, mood, mobility, balance, tremor, speech, swallowing, eyesight, hearing, and sexual dysfunction (“Multiple Sclerosis: Answers At Your Fingertips.”, 2010). Another common symptom is fatigue, it affects around 70-90% of people with MS. Fatigue is different than normal tiredness and can really affect the quality of life.
Many of the remaining neurons contain Lewy bodies. At the later stage, the symptoms of DLB include poor reasoning, memory loss; possibly, difficulties with movement and problems with attention. 2) Parkinson’s disease dementia (PDD) – a type of DLB diagnosed in patients with Parkinson’s disease. A majority of them later suffer from PDD. The disease negatively affects memory, speaking, reasoning
Case Study 1 Hepatic Failure Dalia O. Smith Allan Hancock College Abstract Cirrhosis of the liver is a chronic degenerative disease characterized by liver fibrosis and decreased hepatic function. Fibrotic tissue, seen in cirrhosis patients, impairs the function of the liver which eventually leads to liver failure. Although cirrhosis is often associated with prolonged alcohol use, exposure to toxic substances can also cause cirrhosis of the liver. Amongst those toxic substances is acetaminophen, and levofloxacin, both commonly used drugs. The level of damage these substances can potentially cause is directly correlated to the level of exposure to such substances.
CTE stands for Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy. Encephalopathy can be broken down as “En” meaning in, “Kephale” means head and “pathela” means is suffering. CTE is a progressive degenerative disease which affects the brain of people who receive traumatic hits in the head. Some parts of the brain contains toxic proteins. Toxic proteins are small molecules of proteins that can result into getting a disease on absorbing body tissue by interacting with biological macromolecule such as enzymes or cellular receptors.
Symptoms of autonomic failure that are mostly commonly seen in the early stages of Multiple System Atrophy include, fainting spells, heart rate issues, erectile dysfunction, motor impairments, muscle tremor or loss of muscle coordination, difficulties with speech and walking, as well as bladder control. Most early symptoms of MSA are very common to those of Parkinson 's disease. Clients with MSA usually suffer from orthostatic hypotension as well. Orthostatic hypotension is when a client makes a sudden movement, such as going from sitting to standing, their blood pressure remains uncontrollable and drops suddenly, causing light headedness, or fainting (Multiple System Atrophy Fact Sheet, 2014, par.
Outline: According to Egans, ALS, or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, is a disease that affects the nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord, “a progressive disease degeneration of both upper and lower motor neurons.” ALS prevents the nourishment of muscles, and when muscles are not fed the required nutrients, they atrophy. It hit’s areas of the spinal cord where the nerve cells that signal and control the muscles are located. As the area begins to die, it starts to scar or harden in that region. Motor neurons reach from the brain to the spinal cord and from the spinal cord to the muscles throughout the body. When the motor neurons start to die, the ability of the brain to start and control muscle movement is eventually stopped.
Multiple sclerosis occurs when damage is brought about to the myelin in the central nervous system (CNS), and to the nerve fibers themselves. What causes this illness or disorder is still not known, but the body response to this by initiating an immune-mediated unwanted response to the stimuli that possibly comes from the environment. This unwanted response interferes with the bodies transmission of nerve signals between the brain and spinal cord and other parts of the body (National Multiple Sclerosis Society, n.d., para. 2). The questions that a nurse would ask a patient with multiple sclerosis are going to be questions about reports of muscle weakness, tingling sensation in the limbs, and poor
 who reported that each position (side lying, prone or sitting) affect the static position of the vestibular system differently and may differently affect the muscle tone and hence affect the power and range of motion. Before treatment there was significant affection in motor function of the upper extremity performance in the three groups. This comes in agreement with Sutcliffe et al.  who reported that impaired hand function is a major debilitating factor for the performance of activities of daily living in hemiplegic CP. The impairment of the hand is often the result of damage to the motor cortex and cortico spinal pathways responsible for the fine motor control of the hand and fingers.
ABSTRACT Objective: Nervous system dysfunction is a common and important complication in Primary Sjögren’s syndrome (pSS) and may be the cause of significant morbidity. A wide variety of peripheral (PNS) and central nervous system (CNS) complications are among the severe complications of pSS. Autonomic system involvements are also reported in pSS. In the present study we aimed to show the possible autonomic involvement in patients with pSS. Materials and Methods: Peripheral nerve electrophysiological studies and the sympathetic skin responses (SSR) were studied in 29 patients with PSS (inactive disease period) and 31 normal controls.
After facing trauma, the brain is unable to properly process the information in the amygdala and hippocampus in a normal way, later causing distress during consciousness (Cohen, 2006). Brain studies have shown higher activity in the amygdala and hippocampus in individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder. The amygdala is involved with fear and individuals who go through a traumatic event, and there is evidence that this structure becomes hyperactive. The hippocampus is involved with the brain forming memories, and there is evidence that this structure losses volume (Cohen,