This paper will be looking at the pathophysiologic condition- Multiple Sclerosis(MS), specifically exploring the pathophysiological process of the disease, signs and symptoms accompanied, and treatments identified as therapies targeting the symptoms. According to the National Multiple Sclerosis Society (2016), multiple sclerosis is defined as “unpredictable, often disabling disease of the central nervous system that disrupts the flow of information within the brain, and between the brain and the body.” Although the etiology or cause of MS remains unknown, there is much research being conducted to categorize influences of many factors contributing to the onset of the disease. Borazanci et al. 2009 conclude that a mixture of genetics and environmental …show more content…
Common findings are neurodefecits in the central nervous system (CNS) such as chronic neurologic demyelination and inflammation of the CNS, lesions found in the neural space of the person, and an inappropriate immune response (Borazanci et al. 2009). Loss of myelin in the CNS leads to inappropriate action potential activation in which the axons of the neurons become inflamed over time and potentially lead to axon damage and/or loss (Nickerson 2013). Nickerson 2013 also stated that this long term inflammation could be contributing to the long term disabilities associated with MS. Loss of myelin in the axons of neurologic cells lead to many things; one being the formation of astrocytic scarring forming on the myelin sheaths (Newlan et …show more content…
Newman et al 2009 found that the chronic demyelination of can have an excitatory effect on the spinal cord and focal lesions found in the spinal cord are common in early onset signs of MS. Other less visible and subjective symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis reported by this group include fatigue, pain, depression, sleep disturbances and reported decreased quality of life. Initial symptoms include blurred or double vision in which the Optic and Oculomotor neurons of the brain are affected. Women are qualitatively diagnosed more often than men and Newman et al. 2009 assessed the pain perception of this group. Pain is highly subjective and an important contributor to the associated decreased quality of life of persons with Multiple Sclerosis limiting their work and social interactions . A heightened perception of pain with women diagnosed with MS is most likely due to the exposure of the myelin sheaths and the inflammatory response during the demyelination phase associated with active disease lesions (Newman et al.
Theses effects involve many things from eating to sleeping. One of the problems that scares people the most is loss of sensation/numbness. Lots of people have been reported to not be able to move or feel their legs under themselves (“Neurological”). More symptoms have been named, like losing the sense of smell. To this day, there are still athletes suffering from these things.
Shawnpal Kahlon Ms. Billimoria April 11, 2016 Sue Rodriguez Summary of case Sue Rodriguez was a 42 year old woman suffering from ALS, a terminal disease the slowly destroys the body’s nerves and shuts down all of its function. For Sue the disease had progressed to the point where she could no longer perform everyday tasks she once could such as, picking up a fork, eating cereal and taking a shower. To deal with this, sue hired a personal assistant to help her eat, bathe and sleep.
This article can turn out to be an inspiring article for people who are suffering from multiple sclerosis or other disabilities. Mairs begins her introduction with a hilarious event which is an attention grabbing for a reader. Then she
Multiple Sclerosis is a real life disease, that effects real life people, so why is it not portrayed on television? Nancy Mairs life with Multiple Sclerosis was one thing she could not control. Showing people what living with MS can be like was something she might be able to change. Nancy Mairs makes a point in her essay about advertising companies, that just because the person in the Coke commercial is in a wheelchair doesn’t mean they they’ll lose business. People with disabilities are real and live day in and day out just like “normal people”, they shouldn’t be excluded from what’s shown in the media.
Multiple Sclerosis is when the immune system attacks the nervous system. Higgins has multiple lesions on her brain and spine and she relapses and remits which means she gets sick and then better but she never restores complete function of her brain and body. To her children, MS means “Many Scars” because she has scars on her brain and spine. Harper and Hudson are too little to understand Multiple Sclerosis but they understand that sometimes Higgins is sick and in pain.
So how did she find out she had MS? Montgomery previously played soccer where she got injured during a game and was sent to the hospital where they found it in her foot after some scans, tests, etc., . Soccer then wasn 't an option anymore, so she turned to running. She trains 3 hours a day- 6 days a week, judging her pace ONLY through her legs and runners around her. Having a disease that could kill her anyday and moving, and pushing, and not being so negative about it, just
I think she did this because she wanted the reader to have full knowledge of the content coming ahead. She says “ multiple sclerosis is a chronic degenerative disease …… … . . .. .. interrupting nerve’s signals.” ( Mairs , 7 th paragraph)
When Lou Gehrig was diagnosed with his disease, the world of baseball took a devastating blow. Lou Gehrig had been diagnosed with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), a disease that affects nerve cells in the brain and the spinal cord, which forced him to retire from baseball. Gehrig addressed his fans on July 4, 1939 to inform them of his situation. Although Gehrig knew that he would eventually face death, he did not convey any fear. Lou Gehrig elaborately appealed to his audience by showing his gratitude for them; meanwhile, expressing the gravity of his disease, however also illuminating the situation by reflecting on the positives, rather than dwelling on the negatives.
Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is a progressive, declinatory disease of the brain found in people, often athletes, with a history of repetitive brain trauma, including symptomatic concussions as well as asymptomatic sub concussive blows to the head. CTE spreads over a period of years or decades as a result of trauma to the head. The brain of someone who suffers from CTE gradually will deteriorate and over time lose mass. Symptoms of CTE include loss of memory, impulsive or erratic behavior, impaired judgment, depression, aggression, difficulty with balance, and dementia. Mike Webster, Hall of Famer for the Pittsburg Steelers, was the first football player to be diagnosed with CTE, and died of the disease in 2002.
This may damage or ultimately kill nerve cells, and spread as the disease progresses; one of the advanced stages is that brain shrinkage may occur. Researchers are working to refine brain scan techniques to identify Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy tau deposits in living brains. They are also looking for clues in people’s blood or cerebrospinal fluid that would allow them diagnose the disease before death. A large-scale study found that concussions in adolescents can increase the risk of developing multiple sclerosis later on in life. There are hints that head trauma may also be linked to the development of many other conditions, including multiple sclerosis.
MY PRIVATE BATTLE Living with chronic illness and pain is something that isn’t easily understood by people who are not going through the same thing. Moreover, the effects of illness are an emotional and personal daily battle. All of us with Fibromyalgia are not the same!! Not one of us has the exact same symptoms. We have a lot of the same, some are worse, some are less, but no two are exactly alike!
Nancy Mairs, a feminist writer who has Multiple Sclerosis, defines the terms in which she interest the most with the world. Nancy Mairs will name herself a cripple and not be by others. She will choose a word that represents her reality for example in the beginning of her story she mentioned about her being in the bathroom trying to come up with a story about cripples. She was in the handicap bathroom and when she tried to open the door she fell, landing fully clothed on the toilet seat with her legs splayed in front of her and she said “the old beetle -on-it’s back routine.”
In the autobiography, Laughing at my Nightmare, the author, Shane Burcaw, is diagnosed with spinal muscular atrophy, and the book deals with Burcaw’s life with spinal muscular atrophy. In order to understand spinal muscular atrophy, one must know the causes, the variations of spinal muscular atrophy, as well as the outlook of the disease. To begin with, one of the key concepts of spinal muscular atrophy is the causes of it. According to WebMD, spinal muscular atrophy is a noncommunicable disease, which means that a person with this ailment cannot infect other people with spinal muscular atrophy due to it being heredity.
In self care, he lacks of abilities on taking care of himself because of the muscle weakness and muscle spasms brought by Multiple sclerosis. He has to rely on others and feeling himself useless. In addition, Bob gets tired very quickly and presented with shortness of breath on exertion leading to mobility restricted. This make him less likely engage in his Instrumental ADL (IADL) such as meal preparing and shopping for food and clothing.