World in any society has two sides, Utopia which is defined as the perfect world and the peaceful life that is free from any disasters. This word " Utopia " is derived from Greek roots by Sir Thomas More which means "a good place" (More 37). Merriam Webster defined Utopia as "an imaginary place, all life aspects are perfect, as the world suffers from nothing" (Webster 19). while Dystopia is defined as an imagined universe in which the unequal society controls the fancy of an ideal society which are maintained through technological, moral, corporate or totalitarian control " Beauty of dystopia is that it lets us vicariously experience future worlds but we still have the power to change our own" (Condie 75). Both Uopia and Dystopia are opposite terms, one means perfection and the other means that everything is terrible.
For instance, “Dystopia combines satire on existing society with a parodic inversion of transcendent or controlling utopian aspirations” (Davis 50). Similarly, dystopia is defined as the dominant tragedy of Modernism and it also refers to the negation of perfect communities. It is the opposite idea of utopia (Claeys 100). There is another definition of dystopia which is that “dystopias are jeremiads” (Sargent 17). Dystopia is really needed because it helps people by presenting depressing future that must be avoided.
Dystopia, the antonym of Utopia, is the total opposite of an ideal society – most likely describing a darkly-imagined and unfavorable society. Dystopian societies commonly portray an exaggerated futuristic world and are used to represent existing issues in real life. Writers explore the social and political structure of a society and use it to criticize a current trend or political systems. They typically share similar features, for example: dehumanization, environmental disasters, totalitarian authorities, etc. In dystopian novels, they take these characteristics to extreme, but at the same time most themes and elements can still be applicable to real life.
In the article The Fine Line Between Utopia and Dystopia, author Zsanelle Morel discusses the utopian and dystopian themes among popular literature. Morel eventually reaches the conclusion that, “Although the idea of a utopian society can be briefly imagined, this society could not sustain itself due to the unpredictable nature of life,” with unpredictability being key. Human lives are not always stable and not every minor event can be foreseen when making decisions affecting an entire society. In an article, Jetse de Vries writes about the contrast between utopias and dystopias. Additionally, de Vries describes other authors’ tendencies to categorize fictional societies as either utopian or dystopian whereas many of them in reality are a combination of both: “a lot of utopias are basically dystopias in disguise:
A dystopian society is a menacing setting which serves as a warning to us about totalitarian futures that seem all too likely and real (Kennon, 2005). Gradually, many authors use dystopia as a genre, thus becoming dystopian literature. Cranny-Francis (1990) described dystopian literature as “the textual representation of a society apparently worse than the writer/reader’s own” (p. 125). Booker (1994) wrote that dystopian literature offers the chance of giving new perspectives on questionable political and social practices that would have been otherwise thought as natural. In a research done by Mcclantoc (2016), it can be deduced that the main ingredient of a good dystopian literature are the main protagonists who induce some kind of social change in their society or world.
2). Therefore, dystopia gives the illusion of a highly moral and perfect society that could exist in real life which is a feature of speculative fictional writing. According to P.L. Thomas’ book Science Fiction and Speculative Fiction: Challenging Genres (2013), speculative fiction is a fiction that “deals all too often with a dark future that is looked upon as both a representation of current society and as a lived possibility” (Thomas 108). Moreover, speculative fiction was defined in comparison to science fiction which is “a literary genre whose necessary and sufficient conditions are the presence and interaction of estrangement and cognition, and whose main formal device is an imaginative frame- work alternative to the author’s empirical environment”.
This short story carries characteristics of dystopian literature, where they’re under control by the government.“ Two years in prison and two thousand dollars fine for every ball I took out,” (Vonnegut 2). Whereas Propaganda is being consumed. “ Used to control the citizens of society.”
How A Modern Society Can Change To Imperfection According to Lauren Oliver an author of many young adult novels, “I think that Dystopian futures are also a reflection of our current fears” (Oliver). Dystopia a word said when it isn’t a perfect world; actually the opposite. The future worlds are made up to be imperfect and scary, a future where every single person is equal and government reigns like a king over everyone. This means that all fears of being completely equal and controlled are what people make the imperfect future to be like. There are numerous similarities and differences between the Modern American Society and dystopian societies of Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury, the film 2081 by Kurt Vonnegut Jr, and The Gathering Blue written by Lois Lowry.
The origin of the word ‘dystopia’ is from the Greek, means ‘bad place’; devoid of all comfortable; a place that appears perfect on the surface but is bad underneath. A dystopia is a future world that broadens and distorts modern day issues into an inexhaustible and dehumanized state in which controls have been forced upon society. The inhabitants have social and physical limitations which oppress many aspects of their