General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS) Theory

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What is the premise of the article in three statement Answer: i. General adaptation syndrome (GAS) theory of periodization involve adjustment of volume, intensity and frequency to help athlete to adapt to a variety of physiological stressors. ii. In view of preventing overtraining and aiming for the best performance, progressive periodization will be the right choice. iii. Periodization can only be a success if at the beginning of the training, the right choice of fitness program are used. B. Relate it to assessment, cycle, fractal versus linear. i. Assessment as related to periodization Base on general adaptation syndrome (GAS) theory, both phase I and phase II are the best and practice able periodization processes for fitness programs. …show more content…

Macro cycles (12-16 weeks) reflect groupings of meso cycles within a semiannual or annual plan. The macro cycle covers the overall training period and plan, such as the period of preparing for an athletic competition. Usually take one year. Another is meso cycle, this usually last from week to month. Meso cycles (3-5 weeks) are a grouping of several micro cycles with a predetermined training objective or performance goal, this help athlete to reach optimal performance level. The last is micro cycle this is within period of one week, micro cycle refers to a structure of separate training sessions or small grouping of several sessions iii. Fractal periodization versus linear periodization Linear periodization training initially uses high volume and low intensity. The training for LP progresses through meso cycles or phases where the volume decreases, and intensity increases. This style of training is broken down into phases that focus on hypertrophy, strength, power, and transition phases. This type of training is often referred to as the “classic” style of training.While Fractal which is also called nonlinear periodization looks at the whole training cycle. It is a function of mathematics and nonlinear dynamics which is born out of chaos theory. And it is best explained as deterministic complexity and not disorder, and varies training intensity and volume in a shorter period and occurs frequently from training session to training session. …show more content…

Relative intensity, on the other hand, can be quantified as a proportion of an athlete's maximum speed, or by a physiologic variable such as percentage of maximum heart rate or percent heart rate reserve. Intensity is generally considered to be the most critical factor of training. Within the training process, the correct balance of low-, medium-, and high-intensity training is critical to the adaptation process and if too much moderate- or high-intensity training is undertaken, there is a significant risk of fatigue which may lead to over-reaching or

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