Consonant Pronunciation The differences of accents are more likely a result of pronouncing vowels differently; the consonants are pronounced in very much the same way wherever English is spoken. However, pronouncing consonant imperfectly could cause a risk of misunderstanding. furthermore, both American and British accents have aspirated and de-aspirated [t], which are the only two sounds comparable to stop [t].the omission of sound [t] is also found in both accents. Change of Stress The change of stress is not as makeable as the previous differences of pronunciation, yet it contributes to differentiate between American and British accents. The most obvious differences are the French loanwords, the ending -ate, and the suffixes -ary, -ory, -berry, and -mony.
“Deletion in English Language is the dropping of sound that takes place especially because morphemes are put close to each other and also because of their occurances in unstressed syllables or in rapid speech” (Ramelan,1977, p. 174).. Finally, “dissimilation is when a sound changes one of its features to become less similar to an adjacent sound, usually to make the two sounds more distinguishable”. Consequently, studying the way that a particular phonological rule operates in a spoken language, linguists are able to determine the physiological and neurological mechanisms that translate mental language into spoken
Another example is the American word “theater” which becomes “theatre” in British English. Many times although words are spelled the same in both forms of English, they may have a different pronunciation. In British English the word "mature" is pronounced as "machure" and in American English it is pronounced as "Matoor". This shows that there is a difference in the pronunciation of the ‘t’ sound. In Britain, the ‘o’ vowel, [ɒ], in words like dog, hod, pot, is pronounced with rounded lips and the tongue back in the mouth.
As a result, differences in usage in these verbs make up a high proportion of the differences actually encountered. The American usage over gotten is changing, so is British usage over have got”(1972). The differences in pronoun was explained in a book titled an introduction to language by Victoria Formkin and Robert Rodman’s which stated “In a number of American dialects the pronoun I occurs when me would be in British English and in British English a grammar permits the deletion of the pronoun in the sentence I could have done it to form I could have done, which is not permitted in American
The term semantics is used to refer to the meaning of words. It is a branch of linguistics dealing with the meaning of words, phrases, and sentences. One of the most frequent changes that language deals with is semantic change. Semantic Change Semantic change refers to the modifications made to the meaning of words as well as its development. Words which have gone through semantic change no longer hold the same meaning and this occurs due to the constant usage of the words and the intention of the speakers differ each time.
It has been a long debate whether phonics approach is a suitable approach to teach alphabetic system for both native and second language speakers. Phonics is one of the approaches to learn English. Phonics approach means the language learners are instructed to learn how to attach the sounds to the correspondent letter, and then they learn how to blend the sounds into a word (Pung, 2001). Ehri et al. (2001) defined it as synthetic phonics, and complemented that phonics approach is extended to different approaches, including synthetic phonics, analytic phonics, embedded phonics, analogy phonics, onset-rime phonics, and phonics through spelling.
Apart from 13 vowels and 36 consonants characters which are called basic characters, there are compound characters in Devanagari script, which are formed by combining two or more basic characters. Theoretically there could be 46656 i.e. 36x36x36 triconsonantal conjunct characters. The shape of compound character is usually more complex than the constituent basic characters. The shape of these characters changes drastically with fonts.
Mirhassani(1379), made a contrastive study on Persian and English adjectives similarities and differences. He aimed at helping language learners to overcome the barriers they are faced in the course of second language learning and to be able to write English and translate more
It also refers to the English spoken among the former British colonies called the Commonwealth English. It can be seen that the striking difference in American and British English is accent, the pronunciation of words. However, at a deeper and less obvious level, vocabulary differences give the right to treat the two varieties as two
Analysis Text one is a letter written in 1477, which is in the period of Late Middle English . Firstly, some spelling features can be found in the letter while comparing it with the modern translation provided. In the letter, readers would find that [y] is used in spelling instead of [i] should be used in spelling in present days, for example, “yf”, “lyfe”, “thys”, “tyme” and “ryght” which are written as “if”, “life”, “this”, “time” and “right” in present days. Nonetheless, spelling in Middle English is not as regularised as nowadays as readers could find inconsistency in the letter. For instance, both “mor” and “more” could be found as they share the same meaning.