In the article “ The Developmental Impact of Child Abuse on Adulthood: Implications for Counselors,” Adultspan Journal explains the multiple effects of child abuse. The authors April Sikes and Dancia Hays explain how child abuse has an extremely negative effect on children as they transition into adulthood. These effects can be physical, social, and even mental. Being treated badly as a child increases the risks in social development. Some examples of this are substance abuse, criminal behavior, violence, and risky sexual behavior.
Maltreatment has a severe impact on a child’s current and future functioning and development regarding their emotional, social, cognitive, behavioral, and physical wellbeing.(Frederico 345). Different types of abuse, such as physical, emotional, and sexual have different consequences, but the consequences of all maltreatment, are likely to happen in three stages. Firstly, a child may have an initial reaction such as post-traumatic symptoms, painful emotions, and cognitive distortions. Secondly, children develop coping strategies that are aimed to help increase their safety or reduce their pain. Thirdly, a child 's sense of self-worth is damaged and develop the feeling of shame and hopelessness..
Research has consistently found that child abuse and neglect (maltreatment) increases the risk of lower academic achievement and problematic school performance. These children have suffered significant emotional stress during critical periods of early brain development and personality formation, the support they require is reparative as well as
It isn't always easy to notice emotional abuse because there are not any physical signs as there are in physical abuse. But, like physical abuse, hyperactivity, depression, and PTSD is seen, in emotional abuse. But there are other consequences of emotional abuse, as well. And even though it's hard to determine a direct cause and effect, of abuse, these are some of the most seen, consequences for children who have reported being emotional abuse. Some of these consequences include insecurities, suicidal behaviors, self-harm, distorted view of self, and impaired social development(Frederico 346).
Every type of child abuse is more likely to cause emotional problems to a child or make them to distrust on adults. The effects of child abuse depend on how frequently it occurs, the age, physical condition, gender, and the type of abuse the child has been suffering. When children are abused physically, their behavior and school performance change tremendously because they start experimenting psychological disorders which lead them to learn slowly. Children who have been abused at home, are more likely to spend their day outside by leaving early and going back late because they feel more secure on the street rather than at home. When physically abuse, a child appearance also changes because of black eyes, broken bones, bruises mark and so on. Similarly, when children are abused sexually they may develop eating disorders by gaining or losing weight, change their appearance during pregnancy, or gain difficulty walking or sitting. Many adults that have been sexually abused in their childhood are more likely to engage in prostitution because of psychological trauma. Likewise, physical and sexual abuse, emotional abuse and neglect cause many psychological problems not just in their childhood but also when they turn adults. Children develop problems at school because of the lack of concentration, low self-esteem, depression, anxiety, trouble sleeping and turn aggressively. As adults, they experiment problems in relationships, mental health problems, and resentment or anger which sometimes makes them abuse other children.
Aishah Abdul-matin Mr. J. Partin English 112-FON07 04/01/18 Annotated Bibliography Peled, Einat, et al. The meaning of running away for girls. Child abuse & neglect, vol. 33, no. 10, Oct. 2009, pp. 739-749 In this article, Einat Peled focuses on how run-away girls leave home and the meaning they attribute to it.
Though child abuse is inevitable, the ability to improve outcomes for children of abuse is achievable with the right resources. This is why creating and an awareness of child abuse, identifying attributes of resilience and their relevance in overcoming adversity is imperative. According to Center on the Developing Child at Harvard University resilience can make or break a child’s journey in overcoming their abuse, “In the final analysis, resilience is rooted in both the physiology of adaptation and the experiences we provide for children that either promote or limit its development.” (2015, p. 1), which is why to be active members of society and understanding the importance of reporting abuse. Reporting abuse not only provides an opportunity to safeguard that child, but it also rolls up into federal reporting leading to increased awareness at a national level with potential for increased funding to sustain or improve existing or create new programs and services for abused children.
A child who is unsafe or has been neglected has a physically smaller brain and fewer brain connections ‘to develop the brain, pathways need to be made, connections made over and over so the baby can remember and learn otherwise these pathways are lost’ than a child who is safe. ‘Babies brains are making connections at a rapid pace’, when a child feels safe and is happy they are more able to participate and learn from their play, interactions, and daily routines. A child’s relationships affect all areas and stages of their development. The experiences they have in their younger years will shape them for the rest of their life.
The study by Child Abuse and Neglect and the Brain—A Review Authors Danya Glaser First published: January 2000Full publication history DOI: 10.1111/1469-7610.00551, that the shows that injury can cause some terrible affects to the brain which in turn affects the attachment with the child and parent. Whole this damage of the brain can affect the physical ability to have secure attachment, issues relating to the cognitive ad emotions; behaviour of the child also comes into play. A child who has is unaware of the response from the carer giver will have unsecure attempt (reference text
If victims are abused by family day-by-day, they will be painful continuously, especially in their mental aspect. An organization concerned about the domestic violence, The Sudbury-Wayland-Lincoln Domestic Violence Roundtable (2008) found “Children who are exposed to battering become fearful and anxious. They are always on guard, watching and waiting for the next event to occur” ; it stated that children
Even though it might seem less brutal than physical abuse, it leaves the same and somewhat deeper impact because of its focus on the child 's mental and social development. This causes lasting psychological wounds throughout
Beth Thomas was a child whose mother passed away soon after her first birthday. Until being taken away at the age of 19 months, she was sexually abused by her sadistic father. Such traumatic abuse at a young age has prolonged effects on a child. For example when asked why she hurts her brother, Beth responds with, “I was hurt so bad I don’t want to be around people” (Child of Rage). The early abuse results in Beth’s inability to develop a sense of consciousness, love or trust toward anyone.
Abuse is an act that happens throughout society that should not be taken lightly. There are two major categories for these actions, either physical or emotional. In most cases when somebody is abused, it is usually both types of abuse. Personally to me, I feel that physical abuse is worse than emotional abuse based on long-term effects, scars, and pain. On average, twenty people are physically abused by their partner per minute. There is a problem with this, especially since the people will have these thoughts and scars with them for the rest of their lives. It is a part of your life that you would be better off without experiencing it.
Introduction. Children are biologically designed to form a secure attachment. Smyke and Potter (2011) describe a secure attachment as when a child feels accepted and valued by their caregiver, which is a process of the caregiver providing life-long comfort, support and protection for the child. When a child experiences maltreatment and social isolation from a caregiver the child develops a sense of danger which causes an "overwhelming sense of helpless, horror and terror" (Smyke and Potter, 2011). Examples of maltreatment may include a child living in institutional care or frequent placements while in the care of child and family services or when a child is left with random caregivers or the child is brought to a drug house by the parent