In this presidential race of 1860, Lincoln carried all of the North except New Jersey, and “without receiving a single vote in ten southern states, [he] was elected the nation’s sixteenth president.” The Republican Party’s platform not only opposed the expansion of slavery to the western
The late 19th century, also known as the Gilded Age, was notorious for the immense amount of corruption within the American government, which led to the publishment of many political cartoons that portrayed this corruption. Some believe that these cartoons had little to no impact on exposing the corruption; however, due to the their coherence, political cartoons played a huge role in exposing the problems with government officials and with capitalism. Therefore, the publishment of political cartoons made a huge impact on how Americans became conscious of this corruption.
The Republican Party established itself as the dominant force in national politics for the next several decades, winning fourteen out of seventeen presidential elections between 1860 and 1928. Republican support during this era was particularly strong among African Americans, whose loyalty to the GOP had derived in large part from the anti-slavery positions of Lincoln and the Radical Republicans’ efforts to ensure the protection of rights for newly freed slaves in the
They were against western expansion because they believed it would reduce power and the influence of the party and the northeastern states. This would spawn secessionist schemes from the vice president Aaron Burr. He had no interest in continuing to be part of the Union, openly discussing seceding from
With that in affect, territories than got the right of popular sovereignty, which allowed the people to determine if they would permit or prevent slavery within their borders not congress. As a result, settlers on both sides of the issue poured into the Kansas and Nebraska territories
Many delegates from the Northern states considered slavery evil and denounced it as a repugnant institution. The South on the other hand, argued that slavery was an economic reality and necessity. As Charles Cotesworth Pinckney so aptly put it, “While there remained one acre of swamp-land uncleared of South Carolina, I would raise my voice against restricting the importation of negroes. I am . . . thoroughly convinced . . .
One of reasons the confederacy failed was because the U.S. Congress, with Lincoln’s support, proposed the 13th amendment which would abolish slavery in America. Although the confederate peace delegation was unwilling to accept a future without slavery, the radical and moderate Republicans designed a way to takeover the reconstruction program. The Radical Republicans wanted full citizenship rights for African Americans and wanted to implement harsh reconstruction policies toward the south. The radical republican views made up the majority of the Congress and helped to pass the 14th amendment which guaranteed equality under the law for all citizens, and protected freedmen from presidential vetoes, southern state legislatures, and federal court decisions. In 1869, Congress passed the fifteenth amendment stating that no citizen can be denied the right to vote because of “race, color, or previous condition of servitude.”
Though Texas had desired to be admitted as a slave state, Southern politicians, such as John L. O’Sullivan, lobbied for the region to enter the union as that meant renewed security to the planting interest against the increasing wealth and population of the North as well as power over the federal government in the legality of slavery (Document 3). Northern leaders were equally convinced that the Southern prophecy was true and aimed to prevent this annexation by voting in opposition to it during the congressional vote. However, as shown within the map of congressional votes, it was ultimately annexed due to the overwhelming majority of votes in favor of this acquisition of land for the union (Document 6). Just as this drive towards expansion spread, there appeared a new species of anti-slavery doctrine – the
Thomas Nast, 1840-1902, was a political cartoonist who is known by some historians as “the father of modern political American political cartooning” (Simpson, ANBO). This is due in part because Nast was the individual who created the donkey symbol to represent the Democratic Party and elephant symbol to represent the Republican Party. Another reason why he earned this title and therefore should be studied is that he changed the way cartoonists delivered their context. Before the Civil War cartoonist relied on dialogue rather than imagery to get the message across, However; Nast used pictures to convey the message of his cartoons (Simpson, ANBO). Since his cartoons did not need words to convey the message he was able to reach the illiterate community more effectively than other cartoonists of his time.
The Kansas-Nebraska Act deepened the tension between the North and the South. The Act led to the creation of a new national political party, known as the Republicans. During the 1856 presidential elections, the Republicans nominated John C. Fremont, but unfortunately lost the election to James Buchanan. “The election of 1856, like prior contests, revealed how divided the country had become, and demonstrated the growing strength of the Republican Party” (Griffin, PP2, 11/19/15).
After the Civil War in 1865, Republicans in Congress introduced a series of Constitutional Amendments to secure civil and political rights for African Americans. The right that gave black men the privilege to vote provoked the greatest controversy, especially in the North. In 1867, Congress passed the law and African American men began voting in the South, but in the North, they kept denying them this basic right (“African Americans,” 2016). Republicans feared that they would eventually lose control of Congress on the Democrats and thought that their only solution was to include the black men votes. Republicans assumed that all African American votes would go to all the Republicans in the North, as they did in the South and by increasing the
Following Jackson’s election into office and the consequent overturn of an entire political party, his Democratic-Republicans could not build a loyal following. Opposition to the rival party, the Federalists, was the source of Democratic-Republican unity, and once the former faded, so did the latter. The Louisiana Purchase was a pivotal turn of events that contributed to sectionalism. Upon acquiring so much land, America was faced with the issue of how to purpose it. These frontier states were ravaged with land exhaustion, and planters continuously moved out west for more land to cultivate.
Analysis Part 1: The political cartoon I picked was created by Joseph E. Baker an American artist. He was born in 1837 in Maine. He was an apprentice at first for John H. Buford lithography. Though after Buford death in 1970, Joseph Baker worked for Forbes & Company, where he made playbills and advertisement.
Tan Block? A Look at Colorism The message of the Tan Block political cartoon addresses the racial hierarchy of white or "white passing" people in the United States. White Americans have been viewed as the ideal race since they forcefully took land from the Native Americans and harbored African Slaves in the 1600s. Since then pale skin has been considered a desirable trait for the majority of cultures.
Throughout history, minorities were treated very harshly, whether they were immigrants, refugees, or colored people. When it comes to the topic of treatment of minorities evolving, most of us strongly agree that the treatment of minorities has definitely changed over time. Where this agreement usually ends, however, is on the question of immigrants and colored people. While some are convinced that the treatment has drastically changed throughout history, others believe that the treatment is just as harsh as the past. Ultimately, the treatment has shifted to a less harmful way of living compared to what people in the past had gone through.