Discovered in 1989, Cystic Fibrosis is the most common, fatal genetic disease in the United States. Statistics show that 30,000 people in the US have been named with this disease. (Genome) Cystic Fibrosis is a disease caused when the CFTR (Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Regulator) is defective and the cells do not release the right amount of chloride. This causes for the body to produce thick, sticky mucus that clogs up the lungs, leads to infection, blocks the pancreas, which stops the digestive enzymes from reaching the intestine. Symptoms require; salty tasting skin, wheezing, shortness of breath, persistent coughing, poor growth or weight gain, frequent/bulky stool, and male infertility. 1000 new cases are diagnosed each year, 75% of those
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a genetic disorder categorized by the growth of numerous cysts in the kidneys. Said cysts are filled with fluid and slowly replace most of the mass of the kidneys. This inevitably reduces kidney function and eventually leads to kidney failure. When PKD causes the kidneys to fail, which typically happens after many years, the patient requires dialysis or a kidney transplant. Approximately one-half of the people with the major form of PKD advance to kidney failure, also known as end-stage renal disease. Approximately 500,000 people in the US have PKD and is the fourth leading cause of kidney failure.
Could you Imagine what it would be like if you had a disorder that clogged and blocked the passageways in your body? Well there is a disease that does this very same thing, and it’s called Cystic Fibrosis. Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disease that causes your body to produce a thick and sticky mucus. No, the disease isn’t the mucus being produced, it’s the mucus being thick and sticky. This mucus is supposed to be thin and watery, so it can act like a lubricant and help protect your bodies organs and passageways. This very terrible disease was discovered in 1938 by Dr. Dorothy Andersen, she referred to the disease as “Cystic Fibrosis of the Pancreas”. The name “Cystic Fibrosis” comes from the fibrous scar tissue that develops in your pancreas, which is one
In order to diagnosis of painful hydronephrosis in hospital, computed tomography (CT) scans is better than more-often-used ultrasound examinations, according to a clinical study conducted in few medical centers. Computed tomography and ultrasound are most usable modalities that commonly able to demonstrate both directly and indirectly of dilated ureter or known as hydronephrosis. (Jeffrey 2014) . Generally, excessive water consuming may cause gradual renal accumulation of fluids, resulting in hydronephrosis. This continuous accumulation may cause a higher degree of hydronephrosis and resulting impairment of renal function. Therefore, severe grade of hydronephrosis may be influenced by the amount of fluid intake. (Maroz et al. 2012) .For detecting
2. High blood pressure increases the chances of being caught in forming stones in kidney. So, if you are the patient of high blood pressure, avoid eating salts, especially high processed salts found in canned and processed food. Salts tend to increase
Hyperkalemia is the medical term for high serum potassium levels. This is often caused by kidney disease, high dietary potassium intake, increased cell breakdown, insulin insufficiency, and use of certain medications (eg, NSAIDs, beta-blockers). Rapid elevations in potassium or very high potassium levels may produce symptoms such as muscle weakness, paralysis, cardiac arrhythmias, and even death. Hyperkalemia that does not respond to medical therapy may require dialysis.
As dogs get older, one of the diseases that sometimes affects them is dog kidney disease. Kidney failure can be a real problem as dogs advance in age. In some cases dogs will have to deal with a case of toxicity, while in other cases they just have problems functioning properly.
If inflammation comes into play, the delicate layer beneath the epithelium will become permanently damaged, leading to chronic renal failure. Due to the severity or delayed blood flow due to ischemia, can lead to renal damage and cause an excess of nitrogen in the blood.
There is no medication that can just cure it. This disorder is often found on accident and is miss diagnosed as a cyst in most cases. But the use of ultrasound, nuclear medicine, excretory urogram, and a CT scan help in making the correct prognosis in a patient (Duplex Collecting System). Most of the time, nothing is done about this disorder and patients can continue living with it. In other cases, ureterectomies or heminephrectomies are performed either open or laparoscopically. Patients who go this route may experience a decline in renal function or other symptoms that may cause them to have even more operations (Davda and Vohra,
Data mining enables health systems to systemically use data and analytics to identify inefficiencies and best practices that improve care and reduce costs. There needs to be an analysis of large amounts of data to discover patterns and use them to predict future events. The most effective strategy in data mining has a three step approach: Analytics incudes the expertise to gather data, make sense and standardize measurements and aggregating the data into a data warehouse. Content system systematically applies evidence-based best practice to care delivery and the deployment system which drives change through new organizational structures. Implementing all three of these enables a healthcare organization to apply data mining into everyday practice (Crockett, Johnson & Eliason, 2014).
I recalled my friends’ parents talking about relatives getting kidney stones all the time and how painful it would be for them, that some had to go to the hospital to get the stones surgically removed. I could never understand the hype about it. How painful could it be? Then again, I never had a kidney stone before, but after having one, I never wanted one again.
Kidney stones are caused by a variety of things, but supersaturation is ultimately the cause of kidney stones. Supersaturation occurs when urine contains more waste products like calcium, oxalate, urate, cystine, xanthine, phosphate than it can dilute. It makes sense that the most common cause of kidney stones is not drinking enough water because your urine cannot be diluted properly. Another cause of kidney stones that is controllable is diet. Not getting enough calcium in your diet can lead to kidney stones. People think that because they are called calcium stones, it because you have too much calcium. However, it is actually just the opposite. Your chance of getting kidney stones does not increase by consuming food or drinks high in calcium-rich
Kidney stones have been found throughout history. Scientists found evidence of kidney stones in a 7,000-year-old Egyptian mummy. Kidney stones can also be called renal stones, renal calculi, or by the medical names nephrolithiasis and urolithiasis.
At this advanced stage of kidney disease, the kidneys have lost their function to remove waste and fluids from the body, toxin build up and regulating blood pressure (stage 5 of chronic kidney disease, 2016).
Renal stones (urolithiasis) are masses of crystals, protein or other substances that are a common cause of urinary tract obstruction in adults; they can be located in he kidneys, ureters, and urinary bladder” “(McCance & Huether, 2014, p. 1342). Renal stones are one of the most common urinary tract disorders and affects men more than women. They are classified according to the primary minerals that comprise the stones and the four most common types are: