In Politics and the English Language, Orwell writes, “In certain types of writing, particularly in art criticism and literary criticism, it is normal to come across long passages which are almost completely lacking in meaning. Words like romantic, plastic, values, human, dead, sentimental, natural, vitality, as used in art criticism, are strictly meaningless, in the sense that they not only do not point to any discoverable object, but are hardly ever expected to do so by the reader” (Language that Manipulates, 238). Orwell asks the reader to evaluate a scenario in order to point out one or more of the ways society takes words for granted. Orwell carefully exaggerates the issue of vocabulary apprehension and usage, thereby drawing light to the impending consequences of a seemingly small societal issue. This is particularly evident in the story when the character Syme is tasked with creating a new version of the Newspeak dictionary and one day informs Winston of the fact that “Newspeak is the only language whose vocabulary gets smaller every year” (Orwell 52).
Firstly, phrases with negative connotations previously used by Heaney were transformed through cataphasis, in which words are subjected to affirmation through positive statements. Consequently, these phrases now had positive connotations. Secondly, the use of derivatives of elderberry promote a very powerful message by symbolising shared cultures in the North. Fundamentally, these uses of language coalesce to ensure that art- specifically poetry- almost becomes divine or godly, and in doing so it transcends politics to foster optimism for the future. Politics, as referred, and its negative situation in the North at the time of Heaney’s writing of the ‘Glanmore Sonnets’, was the result of British imperialism.
He uses the word Bazaar in the third paragraph which is a middle eastern marketplace. He also uses the word betel which is a type of leaf that is chewed. He goes on to describe the government as “despotic.” He uses words like bizarre to show the reader that he is fully immersed in the culture and is a part of the burmese society. Words like, “Raj, Mahout, Coolie, and Dravidian” show the Hindu culture Orwell was immersed in.
Here Orwell is repeating the phrase, “that one” at the beginning of each clause. This is important because this quote summarizes the essence of Orwell 's argument, meaning it’s something he wants the reader to remember and better
This particular word is defined as an imitation. Thus, any type of action that imitates others’ actions can be labeled as a meme. However, the brilliant view that Blackmore has opened for her audience is the truth behind the purpose of memes. She mentions Richard Dawkins’s The Selfish
His use of connotative diction creates an ominous mood, therefore creating a frightening effect on the reader. The thought of having no privacy is considered to be one of the most terrifying concepts for the average person, of which Orwell takes advantage in the first four paragraphs of 1984. In illustrating the inside of the Victory Mansions, Orwell describes the poster hanging on the wall as “one of those pictures which are so contrived that the eyes [of the man on the poster] follow you about when you move. BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU, the caption beneath it ran.” This description is designed to immediately scare the audience, especially through the use of second person, which implies that everyone, even the reader, is being watched by the poster, and therefore by the government. Orwell chose his diction carefully in this passage to elicit a feeling of unease from the reader at the prospect of such an invasion of privacy.
Within the passage of 1984, Orwell utilizes dismissive diction. Through his use of diction, Syme attempts to cast upon a negative sense towards Oldspeak to Winston. He does so when he claims ”if you want a stronger version of “good”, what sense is there in having a whole string of vague useless words like “excellent” and “splendid”” (Orwell 1). By expressing Oldspeak as having “useless” and “vague” terms, Syme aims for Winston to develop a negative feeling towards the language. In attempts to convince Winston of the beauty in destroying language, through his use of negative diction, he intends for Winston to feel it is adverse and unworthy, therefore it should be destroyed.
Her essay also relates to me because I understand that different words have different meanings. When I hang out with my friends we use words the incorrect way almost all of the time, but we do understand that we are not using them correctly and choose not to be offended. For other people though it is easy for them to get offended because they are not sure which context you’re using the words in and can mistake you for harassing them. This is why we have a sort of filter in our minds to not say these words to people we are not closely associated
These people who seek to destroy Orwell's essay would say that this evolution is natural and that nothing should be done to stop it. What Orwell is saying in his essay though is that "Modern English, especially written English is full of bad habits which spread by imitation and which can be avoided if one is willing to take the necessary trouble" (529). So therefore those who want to trump Orwell's argument miss this one key element that makes his easily defendable and that is that what is happening to the English language is not a natural evolution as some may believe but an